Assess sociological explanations of gender difference and gender inequality in society.

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Assess sociological explanations of gender difference and gender inequality in society.

Feminists have probed and challenged the inequalities tackled by all the women in society, trying to alleviate the capitalist hold over the education and work. Marxist feminists argue how women are seen as the reserve army of labour, offering cheap labour when a company is booming and being turned down for work in an economic recession. Women are also paid less than men, as their income is seen as supplementary to the income of their main income, being the male breadwinner.

Nonetheless sociologist Armstrong explains how the decline of monotheistic religion has led to patriarchal religions such as; Abrahamic religions dominating society and further supporting as well as leading to the increase of patriarchy. Women are also more likely to feel the inequalities and injustices and therefore join NRM’s (New Religious Movements), as religion compensates for the inequality forced upon women in society and so it functions to numb out the oppression experienced by them, offering them a better life in the hereafter. Women may also turn to religion because of domestic violence, as Ansley had argued, that women are ‘takers of shit’ since capitalism may lead some men to feel frustrated and exploited at work and so within home life they may resort to violence to perpetuate the power structures within the family.

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Webarian sociologists Barron and Norris have argued how the dual labour market theory, which supports the idea of gender inequality in society, since both sectors are found to have differing genders. The primary sector is found to have a higher proportion of men in well paid, high status, well stable and qualified careers; for example professions such as, doctors, lawyers, surgeons appear in this sector. Whilst women make up a majority of the secondary sector appears to be the polar opposite, where cleaning, bar staff and McJobs are present within women are excluded from the primary sector, as patriarchal values ...

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