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International Baccalaureate: Anthropology

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  1. Evolutionary Theory for Food Preference and Obesity.

    Perhaps in a million years people will have problems with eating too much fruit and vegetables, if this theory is correct. If the evolutionary explanation of eating behavior is correct then we should expect to such behavior is universal, present in young children before cultural or social learning takes place and is mirrored in the animal kingdom. One study that shows that such preferences are universal is ?Universal dimensions of human mate preferences? by Todd K. Shackelford, David P. Schmitt, David M.

    • Word count: 853

    be improved upon over a period of time.?[1] Getting an education is one of the best things a young person, can do for himself to ensure he leads a better, more fulfilling and prosperous life. Education can significantly improve people's lives. It benefits people, society, and the world as a whole. Education is at the very cornerstone of this nation and has produced massive economic, social and cultural transformation of The Bahamas. Role of Education in Social Character of The Bahamas Education has numerous benefits for the individual and the society.

    • Word count: 3154
  3. Discuss the relationship between poverty and fertility rates.

    Moreover, many of regions such as Sierra Leone that are experiencing high levels of poverty with things such as chronic hunger, lack of access to clean drinking water and other social factors that deplete the quality of living. These then contribute to factors such as lack of proper sanitation and maternal care available at hospitals further contributing to new born to be more prone to diseases such as water diseases like cholera causing early death. These result into high infant mortality rates and low chance of survival for infants encouraging the parents to have another child.

    • Word count: 746
  4. Anthropology IA. To what extent do socio-cultural aspects, such as language and methods of communication, exemplify the ways in which families/ friends and departing/arriving passengers experience travel and airports?

    My fieldwork, for the most part, will consist of observing some cultural/social aspects such as language and communication (non-participant observation) and interviewing passengers and people who work in the airport terminal and secondly, just first-hand observation. The purpose of this is to gain information and try to measure particular values/customs that inform certain behaviours of modern travelers? perceptions of travel and experience of the airport. My research question revolves around the socio-cultural aspects of the airport; however it is split into two parts, one for my first-hand observation, and one for my interviews (participant).

    • Word count: 1441
  5. The ethnography Peter Wogan's Magical Writing In Salasaca: Literacy and Power in Highland Ecuador was far more intriguing then I had expected.

    I found it interesting that the day of the dead differed from the Mexican day of the dead. In addition, it surprised me to how the Salasca?s deeply believed in the routine that holy water must be splashed on the list of souls to cool them off. I feel that the author organized all his information in a way that was easily understood and was extremely clear in the concepts that he wrote about. The way the author wrote his ethnography seemed as if it was a story of his accounts, and he did an excellent job describing his experience to create a story as well.

    • Word count: 1137
  6. Economics - Philippines Development

    This is due to the many disincentives involved in coming to school; families are unable to afford transport to school, school materials, and even breakfast. High school is not compulsory unlike elementary, and responsibilities are the cause for the lower survival rates; a high school girl is needed at home for household chores and to take care of her growing family, while boys at this age would be big and strong enough to help work on farms. The more educated the Filipinos are, the more skilled and efficient the labour force would be, resulting in higher paying jobs leading to alleviation of poverty, as well as resulting in greater chances of economic development.

    • Word count: 852
  7. Abortion in the USA

    Exceptions to this are a minor having a medical emergency or abuse, assault, incest or neglect. An abortion in the state of Arkansas can be done up to 24 weeks of pregnancy, reasoning being that at 25 weeks the fetus becomes ?viable?. While all of the laws passed helping regulate abortion has helped the situation, it is still a heated debate topic in the United States. Abortion is all over the world but alone in the United States there has been a reported 50 million since 1973, and it is estimated that 3,322 abortions are performed daily.

    • Word count: 1087
  8. Speech on Women's Rights in the 1800s

    Around this time America had just began industrializing with the Industrial Revolution. Inventions like the cotton gin by Eli Whitney have created a new efficiency in the creation of cotton. The development of the cloth industry found a demand for a larger labor force. The south were in need for more slave labor to balance their economy. They tried to get free labor for plantations and also hired children and women. Women started working in factories as seamstresses in places such as the Lowell Mills. Women were not given an adequate amount of money for this boring work.

    • Word count: 704
  9. How would neo-Malthusians and anti-Malthusians respond to the concept of peak oil?

    oil is a finite slowly-renewable resource that is bound to run out one day, even though new oilfields are found, therefore oil must run out soon. As oil demand increases and is expected to grow 50% in the nearest 30-50 years, to meet this demand larger volumes of oil will have to be produced. In the 1960s scientists believed that we would face peak oil by the end of the 20th century, but we still have oil and new predictions tell that we will reach peak oil in 2050.

    • Word count: 532
  10. More adoption, less abortion.

    It takes away his or her life without considering the child?s potential. Abortion has become so common that ?every year in America, 1.5 million abortions are performed. This statistic has been used to portray abortion as a modern-day Holocaust... Each abortion kills an unborn child... Just as the Jewish Holocaust in Nazi Germany was legal but morally wrong, abortion is legal buy not moral? (Bender, David and Bruno Leone 27). Like the Holocaust, abortion kills a significant number of innocent children. The Holocaust is viewed as mass murder and if abortion can be depicted as a present day Holocaust, it considered as mass murder as well.

    • Word count: 1837
  11. Yeast and hymocytometer

    Others break down wood and corn stalks. In doing this, a compound called ethanol is produced. This compound can be used in our cars like gasoline. Another species break down sugar from grain into alcohol. Others break down fruits into wine, which is another type of alcohol. Bread recipes rely on yeast to break down sugar in flour. [1] The haemocytometer or haemocytometer is a device originally designed for the counting of blood cells. It is now also used to count other types ofcells as well as other microscopic particles.Thehaemocytometer was invented by Louis-Charles Malassez and consists of a thick glass microscope slide with a rectangular indentation that creates a chamber.

    • Word count: 2130
  12. How religion and culture adversely affect women in Malaysia

    To divorce the man, the Muslim women have to either request divorce from her husband or go to a court (Jackson). Unlike women, men have full right and control to what they do, they can divorce the women anytime they want. Most people that believe in Islam are usually from the developing countries, where both political and economical states are instable which people have a low quality of living. The women will have fewer opportunities of education, inadequate health care and other opportunities that occur in developed countries. Usually, women are the victim of violence and sexual harassments. ("Surat an-nisÄ')

    • Word count: 1004
  13. Outline and evaluate cross-cultural studies of gender role.

    However there is a flaw within the study, you could say that although the sample was drawn from a large geographical pool, which should indicate representativeness, they were all students who share common attributes and viewpoints and so they may not being necessarily representative of the population of their country and all social groups within. Also the construction of the checklist did not include an equal category alongside the male and female category, so this means that the division between the male and female categories may be exaggerated, thus prompting the students to believe that there is a gap between men and women and thus making them draw upon their inner stereotypical views.

    • Word count: 882
  14. The Roots of Modern Humans

    Although it was common belief that the first humans emerged in Asia, archaeological digs (especially those by the Leakey family and Johanson in the 1970s) have found the earliest fossils in countries such as Tanzania, Ethiopia, Chad, and Kenya (10-11). The first of these, 3.6 million year old footprints, are of an Australopithecus africanus. Since they are bipedal, they are of the Hominidae family and thought to be a direct evolutionary ancestor of the Homo genus (7). Many more fossilized species, some evolutionary dead ends and others immediate ancestors of Homo sapiens, were found, most of which were in the Homo genus (8-9).

    • Word count: 853
  15. Hallyu in India - the influence of Korean culture in the Indian state of Manipur.

    However, the most striking and powerful manifestation of Hallyu could be seen in the Northeastern states of India, particularity in the state of Manipur. In the age of globalization and revolution in information and communication dispersal, Korean cultural products are a big hit in Manipur. These cultural products have been reaching Indian shores through Korean the satellite channel Arirang and Korean movies, dramas and music CDs. They have been responsible for a new form of youth culture in the Northeast Indian society.

    • Word count: 773
  16. Investigating the Folklore of the Oregon Country Fair

    The other interviewee is a twenty-five year old male, named Alex Johnson, who has been working in a vendor at the fair for four years and has been attending the fair since he was a child. Located in the woods of Veneta, the OCF consists of hundreds of vendors, stages, and activities throughout a wide trail that covers several acres of land. ?The vendors are an important part of the experience?, says Saunders ?they have everything from food and crafts to furniture even.? Each vendor has their own hand-crafted site, most of them look like tree houses and are built off of preexisting trees.

    • Word count: 2624
  17. I would like to make you realize that The Little Black Sambo is extremely racist as it portrays a stereotypical view of the Indian society. This book should not be taught to elementary students

    This book also helps them view life pessimistically through various factors such as its racial discrimination. Then the uses of despicable illustrations are extremely condescending. ?I don't believe in stereotypes, I prefer to hate people on a more personal basis. The measure of a truly great man is the courtesy with which he treats lesser men. An eye for an eye will make the whole world go blind.?--Mahatma Gandhi. This quote by Mahatma Gandhi has always inspired me and I ask you Mrs. Clark, if we keep showing children a negative and small view of this world, helping them make rude remarks, then how is it helping them grow?

    • Word count: 1044
  18. Family Life in India, The Nuclear Family and the Effects of Divorce on Children.

    The available data suggest that the joint family is on its way out in rural areas too. The joint family or extended family in rural areas is surviving in its skeleton or nominal form as a kinship group. The adults have migrated to cities either to pursue higher education or to secure more lucrative jobs or to eke out their living outside their traditional callings, ensuing from the availability of better opportunities elsewhere as well as the rising pressure of population on the limited land base. Many of the urban households are really offshoots of rural extended or joint families.

    • Word count: 2722

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