How religion and culture adversely affect women in Malaysia

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Jia Yun Goh

Language and Literature, written task 1


The Women in Malaysia

Women rights and gender equality has been a problem for a lot of countries, one of them, is Malaysia. Women in Malaysia had suffered from varieties of problems such as high rate of divorce, poverty, lack of education and health care, and violence.  There are three different cultures in Malaysia – Chinese, Malay and Indians, the ones that suffer the most are the Malays. The main reason that made Malays suffered the most are their religion, Islam. The Malays that Islamic are called the “Muslims”. Most Muslims are described as second-class and are usually discriminated from others.

Muslims are very religious and strict with their religious rules. Most rules are stated by their central religious text of Islam, Qur’an. The Qur’an mentioned that women can only have half of the education level that the men do which means they do not receive a lot of education. The Qur’an also said that all women / girls need to get permission from their father in order to marry a man. To divorce the man, the Muslim women have to either request divorce from her husband or go to a court (Jackson). Unlike women, men have full right and control to what they do, they can divorce the women anytime they want. Most people that believe in Islam are usually from the developing countries, where both political and economical states are instable which people have a low quality of living. The women will have fewer opportunities of education, inadequate health care and other opportunities that occur in developed countries. Usually, women are the victim of violence and sexual harassments.

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("Surat an-nisā')

The picture is a quote from the Qur’an, it states: "Men are in charge of women by [right of] what Allah has given one over the other and what they spend [for maintenance] from their wealth. So righteous women are devoutly obedient, guarding in [the husband's] absence what Allah would have them guard. But those [wives] from whom you fear arrogance - [first] advise them; [then if they persist], forsake them in bed; and [finally],take leave from them. But if they obey you [once more], seek no means against them. Indeed, Allah is ever Exalted and ...

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