Syphilis, a disease that is considered to be extremely contagious, is caused or affected by a bacterium called Treponema Pallidum.

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Syphilis is described as a form of ‘sexually transmitted disease’, also known as STD. This contagious disease is due to the effect of a bacterial infection of the organs or genital tracks by the bacterium that is called ‘ Treponema Pallidum’. Syphilis itself is frequently considered as ‘The Great Imitator’, due to the fact that, this contagious disease, is recognized to require sings and symptoms that are acknowledged to be undistinguishable from diseases of other kinds. Syphilis, a disease that is considered to be extremely contagious, is caused or affected by a bacterium called ‘Treponema Pallidum’. This disease is apparently transmitted by sexual or physical contact. The cause of syphilis due to forms of sexual contact, with an infected person, could also include oral and anal sex.

Arguments and debates involving the history of syphilis, known as a contagious and infectious disease, has sustained for almost 500 years, ever since the Europeans accused each other for mentioning this disease similar to the Naples, Venetian or the French disease. This origin of this disease, syphilis, is unknown however, was only noticed around 1500s and it is considered and known that the history throughout this disease, syphilis, has three main theories connected to the following disease. However, evidence says that the first record of an outbreak of syphilis in Europe occurred in 1494/1495 in Naples, Italy, during a French invasion. One of the theories assumes a New World Origin and explains the sailors who accompanied Christopher Columbus and about the other explorers who brought the disease back to the country, Europe.  Another theory connected with syphilis clarifies that this disease, syphilis, has always been present in the ‘Old World’, however, it was not identified as a separate disease such as leprosy before about 1500 A.D.  These two theories are referred to as the ‘Columbian and ‘pre-Columbian.

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The third philosophy regarding about syphilis clarifies that the historian, Alfred Crosby, suggests that syphilis is developed in both hemisphere as Crosby says that the bacterium that causes this particular disease, relates to the phylogenetic family from the related bacteria that cause yaws and several disease. Alfred Crosby has clearly stated, "It is not impossible that the organisms causing ''treponematosis '' arrived from America in the 1490s...and evolved into both venereal and non-venereal syphilis and yaws." Crosby has also suggested that there is absolutely no clear evidence of any related disease to syphilis, which have been present in pre-Colombian Europe, ...

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