Research into the production of Nitrate Fertillisers.

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Part 1: stimulus material: Research and collecting secondary data.

Advantages of Ammonium Nitrate Fertilizer
Ammonium (NH4+) and nitrate (NO3-) are the two forms in which plants can directly utilize nitrogen from the soil. Upon application of ammonium nitrate fertilizer, it easily dissociates into these two forms. When urea-based fertilizers are used, conversion of urea to ammonium occurs for a period of one day to one week and some amount of nitrogen is lost to the atmosphere in the process. Thus, the immediate availability of nitrate ions makes ammonium nitrate preferable over urea-based ones. Moreover, ammonium nitrate is a stable fertilizer and is not subject to losses due to volatilization.

Ammonium nitrate, is widely used in mining and construction industries, in the form of dry blasting agents. Being available in the crystalline dry forms, it is easy to handle and load. Moreover, they are safe and cheap as compared to other blasting agents.

Disadvantages of ammonium Nitrate Fertilizer  
As I said earlier, ammonium nitrate is a strong and explosive agent. In fact it is one of the largest industrial explosive manufactured in the US. Ammonium nitrate is used in the fields of quarrying and mining. Ammonium nitrate is one of the cheapest crop nourishing fertilizer types and hence, it is easily available in the markets and agricultural stores too.

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 Chemical formula for ammonium nitrate is (NH4)2SO4

Chemical Properties ammonium nitrate

Chemical formula: NH4NO3

Composition: 33 to 34% N

Water solubility (20 ºC): 1,900 g/L

Granular ammonium nitrate provides equal amounts of nitrate-N and ammonium-N, and its application has been highly suited to vegetable or forage crops.

Agricultural Use

Ammonium nitrate is a popular fertilizer since it provides half of the N in the nitrate form and half in the ammonium form. The nitrate form moves readily with soil water to the roots where it is immediately available for plant uptake. The ammonium fraction is taken up by roots ...

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