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International Baccalaureate: Geography

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 21
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  1. Marked by a teacher

    Examine the strategies used in the transfer of capital between core and peripheral areas

    4 star(s)

    The loans and debts still however need to be repaid, and as a result countries will need to pay interest on this and pay back the principal. Even bad loans will have to be repaid, and especially for LEDCs this can suck money out of their economy. A perfect example for such a strategic transfer is the Tehri d*m. Completed in 2006, this d*m was built in India with the financial help of the USSR. However as the country became Russia, they want their loan for the d*m to be repaid by India.

    • Word count: 945
  2. Marked by a teacher

    Describe and explain how the improvement in transport over the last 50 years has increased the global interactions between countries.

    4 star(s)

    The higher capacity enables more goods to be shipped at once which further improves trading activities, making it faster and more efficient. Besides that, free ports are available now in certain countries which attract more imports that can be manufactured into goods that are than exported without having to pay duties or tax. This allows more trading activities to take place without having to fuss over taxes and other additional payments. Moreover, more imports and exports signifies more trade is occurring, thus, making the port a hub of trade -attracting countries from all around the world to come together -further increasing global interactions between countries.

    • Word count: 723
  3. Marked by a teacher

    Pro-natalist Australia

    4 star(s)

    are falling. The main cause of the falling fertility rates is the increased empowerment of women. In Australia, greater numbers of females are likely to participate in higher education and in the workplace. This certainly impacts on the delay of the marriages as well as the maternal ages for first-child-birth. In addition, there are less secure marriages, evident in higher divorce rates and expanded and easy access to family planning. The most underlying reason is the higher coats of housing and raising a family (economic concerns), leading to make married couples have only one child or not to have babies.

    • Word count: 988
  4. Marked by a teacher

    Kobe and pakistan earthquake essay

    4 star(s)

    Highways, roads, homes, railroads, ports and other infrastructures were destroyed, also trains on minor lines were derailed. Main water ways bursted and there were fires evolving everywhere. These caused disruption of traffic, affects on economy, water suspension, and disrupted heat and gas areas around Kobe. However, what caused such a severe damage of the city of one of the most highest earthquake-prepared countrys, was that the city of Kobe is close by water, therefore is on soft land. Secondly, the focus was relatively shallow. Engineering was another reason. A huge amount of the houses in Kobe were built before the development of strict seismic codes (1981).

    • Word count: 715
  5. Marked by a teacher

    Earthquakes: the Same Effects, but Differing Responses

    3 star(s)

    Other impacts include those caused by water - such as a tsunami; if the earthquake has caused sudden or abrupt movement of large masses of water, and floods; which occur from an overflow of water onto land. Lastly, humans can be impacted as earthquakes can cause injury and loss of life. Responses to earthquakes are affected by economic factors and types of technology available. Some immediate responses include rescue and medical teams taking action, tents given out to aid those affected, and emergency food and supplies distributed.

    • Word count: 961
  6. Marked by a teacher

    Changes in Tourism

    3 star(s)

    And travelling by trains was relatively cheaper compared to travel by planes because roundtrip tickets from London to Paris in Euro star cost $1575.6 HKD. However, air roundtrip tickets from London to Paris cost $2484 HKD in British Airways. Secondly, development of infrastructure- both roads and airports in More Economic Developed Countries (MEDCs)

    • Word count: 535
  7. Marked by a teacher

    Outline the causes and effects of one movement of labour from one region to another.

    3 star(s)

    For example, LEDCs such as India and Bangladesh would opt for a better lifestyle as they commonly perceive that working overseas would help them to live a more improved lifestyle. In addition to that, labour workers might find that there are better paid wages in other regions such as South East Asia and the Americas so that they could support their family -providing better food and necessities. Besides that, rapid economic development in these MEDCs attracts labour workers to migrate overseas as they believe the economy is more stable and there will be fewer fluctuations of inflation rates so that they would have less risky and long-term jobs.

    • Word count: 604
  8. Marked by a teacher

    China's One Child Policy

    3 star(s)

    At the bottom of the Chinese population pyramid (see fig. 1) one can again see large associates that were born between 1985 and 1990. They are almost as large as the birth cohorts during the "baby boom" years. However, these large number of birth are just the "echo effect" of the baby boom between the mid-1960s and mid-1970s. The large baby boom generation had their (first) children - and despite the fact, that each couple should have had only one child, the total number of births was high, because of the large number of parents.

    • Word count: 936
  9. Free essay

    Developing countries experience cultural changes due to economics growth. There will be an upside and negative effects as well

    Changes in Distribution of Income: Some people will therefore find they can afford more or less and therefore their standard of living is likely to change. Farmers and fisherman may find they are making less money in new employment or may find it hard to gain employment altogether. Others may find they are earning a higher income and better standard of living by starting their own business (including becoming a franchisee) or by gaining new scarce skills which allow them to improve their standard of living.

    • Word count: 642
  10. Main Topic: Make people aware of the importance of water in our lives

    From drinking it to praising it, how we use water can tell a lot about our culture and religion. Our body as well as our soul needs water to keep living. Water is life; every wonder is reflected by water. We entered the world in a burst of liquid and when we die we are washed and buried in a moist floor. Water is a representation of life and without water the wonders of the world could not be reflected. All around us we can see how water influences our world. Creek banks, ponds, waterfalls, droplets in our garden; water is everywhere.

    • Word count: 548
  11. Chad is a country with a long history of civil war, continued political instability, a weak judicial system, widespread corruption.

    In1970s took place first discoveries of petroleum in Chad. In 1986 the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) joined in efforts by other donors, including France, the EEC, and the United States, to stabilize Chad's financial and budget difficulties. During the late 1990s, Chad collaborated with the World Bank and the IMF to implement structural adjustment programs aimed at liberalizing the economy and improving government management. Between 2000 and 2003, an American-led consortium invested $3.7 billion into the project, approximately $2 billion of which was invested in Chad.

    • Word count: 942
  12. Major inventions that have led to global interconnectedness.

    PCR has enabled breakthrough research in mapping the human genome to potentially alter and stop deadly disease, genetic modification of plants to create more viable crops in developing countries, as well as a bevy of other research related to stopping hereditary disorders. PCR utilizes the common DNA of all living organisms to give researchers the awesome power of understanding and altering genetic structures, to manipulate DNA to stop pernicious diseases and create unconventional solutions to daunting conventional challenges. In this sense PCR globalizes every individual around the core of humanity.

    • Word count: 989
  13. Using the 2000 population census, discuss Ghanas population structure bringing out the demographic and socio-economic implication.

    Specifically, during the 2000 Population and Housing Census, it was identified that Ghana has about 40% of its population being children under 15years and 3% above 65years meaning that majority of the population lies with 15 and 65 years. Since there are more adults in the population this would tend to raise the crude birth rate by producing a larger number of children relative to the total population. The population growth rate of Ghana (3.1%) is also higher than that of the world (1.6%).

    • Word count: 715
  14. Describe and explain why many LEDCs struggle to increase their Balance of Trade.

    So why are LEDCs not able or struggle to increase their balance of trade. The gap between LEDCs and MEDCs exists due to the production of primary goods, such as food, in LEDCs that sell their products to MEDCs at low prices, whereas MEDCs supply secondary and sometimes even tertiary products that can be sold at a much higher price. Although the price of the primary goods increased they did not increased as much as the secondary goods which mean LEDCs are not able to gain enough money to gain a trade surplus.

    • Word count: 583
  15. Evaluate the consequences of global climate change. The change in temperature seems to raise many new problems and obstacles, some more minor alternatively more important than others.

    They are also issues occurring due to ice melting at the Antarctica. Figures show that between 1996 and 2006 the net loss of ice rose by 75% which can influence the rise in sea levels drastically, the albedo effect which release another positive feedback, and the extinction of animals, such as polar bears. This shows how one consequence can trigger many new ones that cannot be prevented anymore. Consequently, shows the importance of the consequence ice melting which is also pointed out by the assumption that it is a tipping point of global warming.

    • Word count: 554
  16. Is Indonesia a Developed or Developing Country?

    and has lower values for the various development indicators (as shown in the table below) and is striving to advance socially and economically. Country-wise Development Indicators Development Indicator Indonesia USA UK India Norway GDP per capita 4,300 46,400 35,400 3,100 59,300 Total population 245,613,043 307,212,123 61,113,205 1,156,897,766 4,660,539 Population below poverty line 13.33% (2006) 12% (2004) 14% (2006) 25% (2007) Not Available Life expectance at birth 71.3 78 79 66 80 Adult literacy rate 90 99 99 61 100 Population living below $1 29.4% Not Available Not Available 41.6% Not Available HDI 0.600 0.902 0.849 0.519 0.938 Human Development Index is the mean of Life Expectancy at birth, the average years of schooling and the expected years of schooling.

    • Word count: 747
  17. The motorized urban sprawl brings about higher level greenhouse effect through discharges of greenhouse gases. It is obvious that compact urban development, the growth of new cities and sustained movement continue to put heavy demands on urban transport s

    Therefore, urban expansion leads to more fuel utilize in transportation and capacious homes on the metropolitan fringe. Furthermore, the mass production of vehicle led to mass suburbanization and to an urban sprawl in the 20th century (Martin, g.2007.para.5). This human activity is the main root cause of greenhouse-gas emissions. The international business organisations have attempted to combat greenhouse effect with technical innovation. They begin focus on the long period energy solutions which include cleaner fuels and alternative energy sources (Gonzalez, G.A .2005.para14). However, there are two shortcomings in the solutions to greenhouse effect. Firstly, nuclear energy is a kind of cleaner fuels advocated by the business group.

    • Word count: 719

    Firstly, there are both similarities and differences in their education system. The secondary education is free for all children, but it is not compulsory in Vietnam. Meanwhile, English children required by law to have a free education until they are 16 years old. Furthermore, the national curriculum created and applied for all state schools in both countries.

    • Word count: 597

    However, most people in Western countries assume it restrict personal freedom, increase the violence rate and create more stress for the couples. Firstly, There are so many benefits for the couple if their parent arrange and select the spouses for them such as financial, experiences, and the other problems can be occur during their marriage.

    • Word count: 568
  20. The Growth of India as a Global Economic Power.

    Its demerits left India to struggle with debts, but soon in 1991, our nation adopted the NEP [New Economic Policy] opening up new avenues for the nation to explore with a strong focus on Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization. Today our economy is the twelfth largest in the world, with extensive labour power [ second largest in the world] and the PPP [Purchasing Power Parity] being fourth largest. India is also a major player in the international politics as well. But, the fact being that despite the tremendous economic growth rates reported in the recent decades, a large chunk of Indian population still remains poor.

    • Word count: 642
  21. Izmit Disaster Justification

    The oil refinery, stocking 70000 tons of oil was on fire and all the resources were burned out. Not only resources but also the refinery poured out large quantities of pollution into the air, the water and the land. A chlorine plant in Yalova had chemical leakage into the environment as well. Food supplies as well as buildings were destroyed in most of towns around the quake center, causing socio-economic disruptions. An estimation of 65000 buildings in Yalova were destroyed and people are all staying in the streets.

    • Word count: 480
  22. Millennium Development Goals (MDG) was established in September 2000 at Millennium Summit in New York City, United States of America, which was supported by 192 United Nation countries and 23 international organizations.

    The first goal is to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. The United Nations wanted to halve the population who only get less than $1 per day. Decent employment rate must also be achieved. Children who are under five years must not be in underweight anymore. The second goals of Millennium Development Goals were for the people to achieve at least primary education, and by 2015 all children may get the opportunity to finish their primary education.

    • Word count: 527
  23. Why are coral reefs important?

    Why are coral reefs important? (10 marks) Environmentally * Coral reefs occupy less than a quarter of 1% of the marine environment. Many kinds of living creatures (more than 25% of all known marine fish species) live and depend on the coral reefs. Without, coral reefs, many animals would loose its habitat and protection. * Coral reefs are also the breeding sites of many fish and other sea animals. * Coral reefs acts like natural barriers for many islands and coasts.

    • Word count: 569
  24. Geo. human and ecosystem.

    However, it is very important. Nowadays, almost none of us, realize that human activity really cause significant damage to ecosystems. I agree that our activities cause permanent changes to ecosystems and I will try to cite some examples, supporting my thesis. To begin with humans often need to burn fuels or produce certain chemicals to sustain a variety of activities in society. Burning fuels and manufacturing chemicals also can produce pollutants, including wastes like trash or hazardous chemicals and atmospheric pollutants like sulfur dioxide or nitrogen oxides.

    • Word count: 480
  25. The Impact of Gangs in Mexico

    In addition, these groups of underprivileged people fought each other over the customers that bought drugs, routes for transporting drugs, modes of transport, drug sources, and hit men. Eventually, the fighting led to the formation of allies, now known as gangs, in which resources were shared by all members. The Gulf Cartel, located in Reynosa, Mexico, is an example of a modern gang. In this gang, trade routes on the West Coast are used to illegally smuggle drugs; they travel all the way to California.

    • Word count: 775

IB Geography encourages its students to build an international and global awareness throughout the course and to acquire an understanding of alternative ideas and approaches. IB Geography will cover both human and physical geography and you'll be looking at key contemporary issues in the subject such as sustainability and climate change at a variety of locations. The subject is organised into core and option modules and the core is based around the concept of the UN's Millennium Development Goals; this means you'll cover Population in Transition, Disparities in Wealth and Development, Patterns in Environmental Quality and Sustainability, and Patterns of Resource Consumption. There are 7 optional topics which include Hazards and Disasters, Oceans and their Coastal Margins and Extreme Environments.

At the Higher level there is an extension which covers another 7 compulsory topics. There is a fieldwork element which will be at the local scale and must be related to one of the topics you cover. The report from this forms part of the internal assessment. The external assessment is completed by a series ofexaminations and you'll need to build your exam technique and written style.


Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?

    "In conclusion, both countries try to offer the best quality of education for all children, but they differ significantly in teaching quality and facilities. For students who wishing to study abroad, England could be better choice. However, the education systems in each country also have a good points and bad points, so the exchange education between two countries would be considerably."

  • To what extent are deserts a product of present day processes?

    "In conclusion, many of the landscapes seen in the desert today are a product of present day processes shaping the land over a long period of time. However, the sheer scale of some of these indicates that the present day processes worked in combination with things ling tectonic uplift, and some landforms were not created by present day processes at all."


    "In conclusion, arranged marriage is very complicated issue all over the world, the term "arranged marriage" need to understand exactly and the couples must have a right to choose their spouses. On the other hand, the law system would be considered building tightly, making the fair and avoiding forced marriage in social life."

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