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International Baccalaureate: Geography

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 21
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  1. Marked by a teacher

    Aral Sea Case Study

    5 star(s)

    This decision was a branch in the plan of developing the cotton industry as becoming one of the most major exports. Even though this plan had clear success with Uzbekistan being one of the largest cotton exporters in the world, the Aral Sea on the other hand was gradually being destroyed. However, as mentioned in the introduction the "regional scale" meant that the bordering countries (Kazakhstan & Uzbekistan) were the nations that were immediately and directly affected. In present conditions, the Aral Sea has decreased in area by 10% and has consequently divided into the Northern and the Southern Aral Sea.

    • Word count: 1617
  2. Marked by a teacher

    The Aral Sea

    5 star(s)

    Meanwhile, industrial countries continue to develop and the demand for cattle is rapidly increasing. Over the past 25 years, rainforests have been cleared from an area the size of the entire India because the global demand for beef increases with the growth of human population. (kids.mongabay, N/A) Numerous trees in the rainforests are cut down in order to raise cattle in the flat forest land areas. In addition, large amounts of plants and grass in the forests are consumed. For example, the case is most severe in the Brazilian Amazon, where 38 percent of deforestation is due to cattle ranching, and the meat imports rose from 40 to 74 percent within just 10 years.

    • Word count: 1920
  3. Marked by a teacher

    Malthus got it right-we are doomed?

    5 star(s)

    We also have genetically modified foods (GMF) now. These are foods that are derived from genetically modified organisms. These genetically modified organisms receive certain changes intro their DNA by genetic engineering. These foods were first put on the market in the early 1990s. Basically, since the time of Malthus, we have increased our food production through the following ways, but not limited to: draining marshlands, intensification, extensification, reclaiming land from the sea, cross-breeding of cattle, high-yield varieties of plants, terracing on steep slopes, growing crops in greenhouses, using more sophisticated irrigation techniques, using artificial fertilizers and pesticides, farming native species of crops and animals and fish farming etc.

    • Word count: 1409
  4. Marked by a teacher

    Population Case Study - Japan

    5 star(s)

    From the years 1980 to 1987, prices of land in the six largest cities nearly doubled. This prevents many poorer families from ever purchasing or renting housing in the central cities. Because of this, daily transportation for many workers became a real lengthy hassle. For example some daily commuters had to travel up to four hours total to reach the Tokyo central area Parks in small cities over Japan are rarer than in most European and American places, despite Japan's excess forested areas. Japan is often labeled as an "urban society" where only a small 5% of the labor force comes from farming.

    • Word count: 1175
  5. Marked by a teacher

    Population in Brazil

    5 star(s)

    The northeast, which is the most economically handicapped region, relies heavily on agriculture as its main economic activity. The area that is the wealthiest, and contains half of Brazils total population is the South Central region as well as the centres of Sao Paulo and Rio, which happen to be the 3rd and ninth largest cities in the world. The great interior, much of which is still wrapped by the rainforest, remains sparsely settled. Brazil has an overall population density of about 20.5 inhabitants per kilometre square, places such as the Federal District area "Brasilia" (353.5 inh./km2), Rio de Janeiro (328.6 inh./km2)

    • Word count: 1377
  6. Marked by a teacher

    Impact of Polish migration to the UK

    4 star(s)

    The Polish migration to UK has its origins in the First and Second World War and the disastrous, b****y invasions suffered by Poland from Germany and the Soviet Union, respectively during the XX Century. Reflecting the importance of the Polish migration to UK following both World Wars, in 1947 a "Polish Resettlement Act" was issued, formally acknowledging the orderly establishment of Polish in UK. This British Act facilitated the expansion of total Polish community in UK from initially 44.000 to 162.000 Polish as it allowed those established to bring families over to UK as well as it gave a clear reference to those in Poland wishing to emigrate to UK.

    • Word count: 1012
  7. Marked by a teacher

    Population Essay

    4 star(s)

    The picture beneath shows the current populations pyramid of Japan. As you can see, the life expectancy in Japan is high, as there are quite some people in their 85's-89's. What we can conclude from this pyramid is by the trend in it. [Source: http://www.nurse.or.jp/jna/english/nursing/images/pyramid.jpg] The number of kids in the groups of 0-15 aged people, as you can see is decreasing. This also means that the birth rates in Japan are decreasing. Over the time it will shrink even more, and the number of older people will increase, as more people of the middle aged group (aged 15-64)

    • Word count: 1381
  8. Marked by a teacher

    Tropical Rainforest Case Study

    4 star(s)

    What exactly has happened? The main problem with the Amazonian rainforest is that it is being destroyed just like other rainforests around the world. The problem and the solution to rainforest destruction are both economic. Although one-third of the world's trees still grow in the Brazillian rainforest, their numbers are being sharply diminished due to deforestation. The causes of deforestation are very complicated. A competitive economy forces the want for money in poorer LEDC'S. Brazil sells logging concessions to raise money for projects, to pay international debt, or to develop industry.

    • Word count: 1499
  9. Marked by a teacher

    Pro-Natalist China's population policy

    4 star(s)

    In addition, as a result, there were improvements made in some medical services. Due to the death of Mao in 1976, the government decided to advocate voluntary population control to reduce the enormous birth rate. As China began to advice about limiting family sizes and informing the need of birth control, there was a decrease in population in the following years. What was introduced? 'One Child Policy' was then introduced by 1980. This policy provided benefits for couples which had only one child, therefore requires sterilization for couples with two children, and abortion for pregnant women who have no authorities.

    • Word count: 1419
  10. Free essay

    China One Child Policy

    4 star(s)

    Finally in 1980, the One Child Policy was introduced, which provided benefits for couples which had only one child. Still today this policy is going on and requieres sterilization for couples with two children, and abortion for women pregnant without authorization. By the 1980's, according to chinnese government statistics, birth control abortion and sterilization where averaged in more than 30 million a year. This means that the population since 1980 would had increased at a rate of 30 million per year, which would had brought a lot of overcrowded cities and social problems.

    • Word count: 1296
  11. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent could Keralas approach in controlling population group be applied to other parts of the world such as China, Nigeria or others?

    3 star(s)

    is largely supportive of family-planning programs: high level of illiteracy, poor access to information, poverty, and gender-based disparities serve as significant barriers to family planning. These include social stereotypes, lack of male involvement in family planning, and continuing discrimination against the girl. Kerala, still a poor province, differs from the rest of India in a number of ways. Its life expectancy is 10 years longer than the rest of India(73 years as opposed to 63 years), the infant mortality rate is much lower than in the rest of India, literacy is almost universal(97%)and women are as educated as men and have important positions in local politics.

    • Word count: 1113
  12. Population changes in France. The effects of rising life expectancy and immigration.

    By using the results of these studies, we will try to bring out solutions to some problems that could take place in future French society. As technology and medical research is developing at an incredible speed, human healthcare is considerably ameliorating year after year, and therefore, nowadays, people are living much longer, and little by little, life expectancy is climbing up as a result of all the discoveries that are being made by doctors, scientists... If we take a look at the average retiring age expected by the students, we come up with 67 years old.

    • Word count: 1590
  13. Is China poised to become the world's number 1 superpower?

    In terms of the hard facts, China has a booming economy; illustrated by a growth rate of 9% per year, as well as a hoard of equivalent $2.7 trillion in foreign currency. China currently ranks as the second largest economy in the world behind the USA, a status which it has risen to only within the last 30 years. China is the USA's largest source of foreign imports, accounting for $233.6 billion in trade surplus in 2008. Such clear examples of China's economic prowess is what persuades many people to believe China will emerge above the USA as a superpower - a view shared by a colossal 53% of Chinese residents, and 46% of Americans.

    • Word count: 1380
  14. Explain trends and patterns in birth rates, nativity increase and mortality, infant mortality rates, fertility rates and life expectations in the different regions of the world.

    Highest growth rate are found in Africa, while lowest growth rate are found in Europe and North America. Currently, developing countries have higher birth rates than developed countries; this is one of the reasons why the world population is located mainly in LEDCs. Developing countries have higher birth rates because of: * A greater population base; * Many parents will decide tu have many children because of the infant mortality rate; * Workers are needed in the farms and children represent a source; * Cultural and religious factors; On the other hand, developed countries have lower birth rates because of:

    • Word count: 1089
  15. AIDS in Africa. Lack of education contributes to HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa

    For the women, the only possible way to do this is by going into prostitution, which further increases their chance of contracting HIV. If the woman ends up being pregnant and she is infected with HIV/AIDS, the child will most likely contract it too, unless the mother has the money to pay for the medication to prevent it, which isn't very likely in the poor parts of Sub-Saharan Africa. In South Africa, 9 out of 10 children who have HIV/AIDS were infected by their mother through breastfeeding, pregnancy or while in labor.

    • Word count: 1180
  16. Indonesia - population trends analysis. We see that rural population of Indonesia declined by about 9 million and the urban population increased by 31 million.

    The majority is concentrated on Java, Bali and Madura (60%). The majority of Indonesians are of Malay descent. The major ethnic groups are: Javanese (45%), Sundanese (14%), Madurese (7.5%). Coastal Malays (7.5%) and others - Chinese, Indians (26%).1 The currency of Indonesia is the Indonesian Rupiah (IDR) [Rp.] Its current exchange rate with the US$ is about $1 = Rp. 8,538 Over the past 10 years, Indonesia has changed much. Its population increased by approx. 28 million people. But the major change is in the type of population change. From the graph, we see that rural population of Indonesia declined by about 9 million and the urban population increased by 31 million.

    • Word count: 1051
  17. The Millenium Devolpment Goals and their current progress

    1: The first MDG is considered a one of the main priorities for the UN and so far the objective seems feasible as some countries have already met their goals and most are on a dramatic decrease for poverty and hunger. There is still though some countries who are far from completion, but, on of the main worries for the UN is that they fear that slower economic growth and rising food prices could reverse recent progress in the next few years. Results can be seen in Fig. 1 2: This MDG talks of the proposed increase of global education.

    • Word count: 1212

    This warming could cause some serious problems for Canada. Increased temperatures, the panel says, will lead to sea-level rises and a likely increase in flooding. And that's how global warming is affecting the average temperature increase in Canadian arctic. The ice of Canadian arctic is melting, believed to have been caused by global warming. A researcher at the Colorado Center said that Canadian Arctic ice was melting at a far quicker rate than anticipated. The melting has caused coastal ice in parts of Canada to become quite brittle.

    • Word count: 1312
  19. Tsunamis in Spain

    El Clima Las Palmas de Gran Canaria presumen de uno de los mejores climas del mundo. La temperatura media es de 17� cent�grados en invierno y 25� en verano. Adem�s las temperaturas no son agresivas y no suelen haber cambios bruscos. Causas de Tsunamis en La Palma Un tsunami se puede dar por diferentes razones. En algunos casos puede ocurrir debido a dislocaciones en el fondo del mar producidas por un terremoto de magnitud superior a 6.5 en la escala de Richter, el cual provoca s�bitos levantamientos o hundimientos de la corteza con el consiguiente desplazamiento de la columna de agua.

    • Word count: 1253
  20. Does Tourism bring more benefits than drawbacks to developing countries?

    These and other attractions contributed the arrival of total 124 million international visitors in the five years of 1990, 1995, 2000, 2002, and 2003. And they brought in approximately business of USD 52,891 million dollars in those five years. However, in developing countries other than Africa, the main attractions of visitors are mountains, wildlife, wetlands, and coastal areas. (Peter Saundry, www.eoearth.org, 25/08/2008) The tourism has also brought in foreign direct investment in the developing countries which has helped in developing these countries.

    • Word count: 1083
  21. Free essay

    Global Warming Controversy. Scientists opinions about climate change and whether it is a natural occurrence or rather a devastating consequence of human activity are very controversial. Therefore, there has been a lot of discussion throughout the past

    Therefore their opinions divide the theory of climate change in two sides: Scientists, who believe in climate change due to human causes, and their opinion get supported by solid facts. Records over the last 150 years show a steady industrialization resulting in an increase of carbone dioxide concentration by 31 percent. Furthermore, the same records also show the amount of methane in the atmosphere, which has increased by alarming 151 percent. Besides these telling facts, we also know that driving cars, generating electricity from coal-fired power plants and the general use of fossil fuels enlarge the amount of greenhouse which pollutes the air.

    • Word count: 1437
  22. With reference to specific examples, examine the advantages of migrations

    The Philippines is the world's 12th most populous country in the world with a population of 92 million people of which 11 million live abroad (around 11% of the population). The majority of the Filipinos migrate to other nations in order seek for employment and financially support their families back in the Philippines. They are given the name OFW's which is an abbreviation for Overseas Filipino workers. In the US alone, it is estimated that there are around 3,100,000 OFW's.The greater number of these Filipino migrants are women that seek employment in other nations as domestic helpers and personal service workers.

    • Word count: 1786
  23. Prague. The capital city of the Czech Republic, Prague, is situated in the very heart of Europe, on the river Vltava and is therefore a place that has been an intersection of continental merchant routes for many ages.

    The Czech Republic entered the age of depression. From the end of World War II (1945) to 1989, Czechoslovakia was under communist rule and "supervised" by the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics). Tyrannical tactics kept political dissent at a minimum, although there were attempts by citizens to reform the communist government once again. The most notable came in 1968. It was called the Prague Spring. Soviet troops invaded the Czech capital to suppress the reformist movement. After decades of nationalization under the communists, the Czech economy rapidly privatized in the 1990s and is now a day's one of the most industrialized city in Europe, with mining, manufacturing, and constructing all important parts of the economy.

    • Word count: 1470
  24. Water Shortages in Australia and the Government's Response.

    Water is a scarce resource even though in the earth there are 1,360,000,000 km3 of water. Only fresh water is drinkable to humans and animals, and only 3% of the earth's water is fresh water, that's why water is scarce resource. Another problem that affects the source of fresh water is global warming as more than 60% of the earth's fresh water is found in glaciers, and as temperature in the earth rises the glaciers are melting, mixing the fresh water with the ocean's salty water. The Commonwealth of Australia is a country that has managed to integrate into his country policies and programs useful ideas and restrictions to manage the usage of water in order to use it wisely and reverse the loss.

    • Word count: 1029
  25. EL NINO

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IB Geography encourages its students to build an international and global awareness throughout the course and to acquire an understanding of alternative ideas and approaches. IB Geography will cover both human and physical geography and you'll be looking at key contemporary issues in the subject such as sustainability and climate change at a variety of locations. The subject is organised into core and option modules and the core is based around the concept of the UN's Millennium Development Goals; this means you'll cover Population in Transition, Disparities in Wealth and Development, Patterns in Environmental Quality and Sustainability, and Patterns of Resource Consumption. There are 7 optional topics which include Hazards and Disasters, Oceans and their Coastal Margins and Extreme Environments.

At the Higher level there is an extension which covers another 7 compulsory topics. There is a fieldwork element which will be at the local scale and must be related to one of the topics you cover. The report from this forms part of the internal assessment. The external assessment is completed by a series ofexaminations and you'll need to build your exam technique and written style.


Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?

    "In conclusion, both countries try to offer the best quality of education for all children, but they differ significantly in teaching quality and facilities. For students who wishing to study abroad, England could be better choice. However, the education systems in each country also have a good points and bad points, so the exchange education between two countries would be considerably."

  • To what extent are deserts a product of present day processes?

    "In conclusion, many of the landscapes seen in the desert today are a product of present day processes shaping the land over a long period of time. However, the sheer scale of some of these indicates that the present day processes worked in combination with things ling tectonic uplift, and some landforms were not created by present day processes at all."


    "In conclusion, arranged marriage is very complicated issue all over the world, the term "arranged marriage" need to understand exactly and the couples must have a right to choose their spouses. On the other hand, the law system would be considered building tightly, making the fair and avoiding forced marriage in social life."

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