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International Baccalaureate: Geography

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  1. Marked by a teacher

    Aral Sea Case Study

    5 star(s)

    This decision was a branch in the plan of developing the cotton industry as becoming one of the most major exports. Even though this plan had clear success with Uzbekistan being one of the largest cotton exporters in the world, the Aral Sea on the other hand was gradually being destroyed. However, as mentioned in the introduction the "regional scale" meant that the bordering countries (Kazakhstan & Uzbekistan) were the nations that were immediately and directly affected. In present conditions, the Aral Sea has decreased in area by 10% and has consequently divided into the Northern and the Southern Aral Sea.

    • Word count: 1617
  2. Marked by a teacher

    The Aral Sea

    5 star(s)

    Meanwhile, industrial countries continue to develop and the demand for cattle is rapidly increasing. Over the past 25 years, rainforests have been cleared from an area the size of the entire India because the global demand for beef increases with the growth of human population. (kids.mongabay, N/A) Numerous trees in the rainforests are cut down in order to raise cattle in the flat forest land areas. In addition, large amounts of plants and grass in the forests are consumed. For example, the case is most severe in the Brazilian Amazon, where 38 percent of deforestation is due to cattle ranching, and the meat imports rose from 40 to 74 percent within just 10 years.

    • Word count: 1920
  3. Marked by a teacher

    Malthus got it right-we are doomed?

    5 star(s)

    We also have genetically modified foods (GMF) now. These are foods that are derived from genetically modified organisms. These genetically modified organisms receive certain changes intro their DNA by genetic engineering. These foods were first put on the market in the early 1990s. Basically, since the time of Malthus, we have increased our food production through the following ways, but not limited to: draining marshlands, intensification, extensification, reclaiming land from the sea, cross-breeding of cattle, high-yield varieties of plants, terracing on steep slopes, growing crops in greenhouses, using more sophisticated irrigation techniques, using artificial fertilizers and pesticides, farming native species of crops and animals and fish farming etc.

    • Word count: 1409
  4. Marked by a teacher

    Population Case Study - Japan

    5 star(s)

    From the years 1980 to 1987, prices of land in the six largest cities nearly doubled. This prevents many poorer families from ever purchasing or renting housing in the central cities. Because of this, daily transportation for many workers became a real lengthy hassle. For example some daily commuters had to travel up to four hours total to reach the Tokyo central area Parks in small cities over Japan are rarer than in most European and American places, despite Japan's excess forested areas. Japan is often labeled as an "urban society" where only a small 5% of the labor force comes from farming.

    • Word count: 1175
  5. Marked by a teacher

    Population in Brazil

    5 star(s)

    The northeast, which is the most economically handicapped region, relies heavily on agriculture as its main economic activity. The area that is the wealthiest, and contains half of Brazils total population is the South Central region as well as the centres of Sao Paulo and Rio, which happen to be the 3rd and ninth largest cities in the world. The great interior, much of which is still wrapped by the rainforest, remains sparsely settled. Brazil has an overall population density of about 20.5 inhabitants per kilometre square, places such as the Federal District area "Brasilia" (353.5 inh./km2), Rio de Janeiro (328.6 inh./km2)

    • Word count: 1377
  6. Marked by a teacher

    LEDCs are more vulnerable to hazard events than MEDCs. Discuss.

    4 star(s)

    that is often more readily available in MEDCs, the more economically developed countries, making the population in the former already more vulnerable than the latter. However, this does not prevent hazards from occurring in MEDCs and the monetary status of a country cannot influence the magnitude or frequencies of hazard events, two factors which are crucial in determining level of vulnerability. The nature of the society and its level of development in a subjected area is an important factor which affects the vulnerability of the area to hazard events.

    • Word count: 1018
  7. Marked by a teacher

    Impact of Polish migration to the UK

    4 star(s)

    The Polish migration to UK has its origins in the First and Second World War and the disastrous, bloody invasions suffered by Poland from Germany and the Soviet Union, respectively during the XX Century. Reflecting the importance of the Polish migration to UK following both World Wars, in 1947 a "Polish Resettlement Act" was issued, formally acknowledging the orderly establishment of Polish in UK. This British Act facilitated the expansion of total Polish community in UK from initially 44.000 to 162.000 Polish as it allowed those established to bring families over to UK as well as it gave a clear reference to those in Poland wishing to emigrate to UK.

    • Word count: 1012
  8. Marked by a teacher

    Examine the strategies used in the transfer of capital between core and peripheral areas

    4 star(s)

    The loans and debts still however need to be repaid, and as a result countries will need to pay interest on this and pay back the principal. Even bad loans will have to be repaid, and especially for LEDCs this can suck money out of their economy. A perfect example for such a strategic transfer is the Tehri Dam. Completed in 2006, this dam was built in India with the financial help of the USSR. However as the country became Russia, they want their loan for the dam to be repaid by India.

    • Word count: 945
  9. Marked by a teacher

    Describe and explain how the improvement in transport over the last 50 years has increased the global interactions between countries.

    4 star(s)

    The higher capacity enables more goods to be shipped at once which further improves trading activities, making it faster and more efficient. Besides that, free ports are available now in certain countries which attract more imports that can be manufactured into goods that are than exported without having to pay duties or tax. This allows more trading activities to take place without having to fuss over taxes and other additional payments. Moreover, more imports and exports signifies more trade is occurring, thus, making the port a hub of trade -attracting countries from all around the world to come together -further increasing global interactions between countries.

    • Word count: 723
  10. Marked by a teacher

    Population Essay

    4 star(s)

    The picture beneath shows the current populations pyramid of Japan. As you can see, the life expectancy in Japan is high, as there are quite some people in their 85's-89's. What we can conclude from this pyramid is by the trend in it. [Source: http://www.nurse.or.jp/jna/english/nursing/images/pyramid.jpg] The number of kids in the groups of 0-15 aged people, as you can see is decreasing. This also means that the birth rates in Japan are decreasing. Over the time it will shrink even more, and the number of older people will increase, as more people of the middle aged group (aged 15-64)

    • Word count: 1381
  11. Marked by a teacher

    Tropical Rainforest Case Study

    4 star(s)

    What exactly has happened? The main problem with the Amazonian rainforest is that it is being destroyed just like other rainforests around the world. The problem and the solution to rainforest destruction are both economic. Although one-third of the world's trees still grow in the Brazillian rainforest, their numbers are being sharply diminished due to deforestation. The causes of deforestation are very complicated. A competitive economy forces the want for money in poorer LEDC'S. Brazil sells logging concessions to raise money for projects, to pay international debt, or to develop industry.

    • Word count: 1499
  12. Marked by a teacher

    Pro-natalist Australia

    4 star(s)

    are falling. The main cause of the falling fertility rates is the increased empowerment of women. In Australia, greater numbers of females are likely to participate in higher education and in the workplace. This certainly impacts on the delay of the marriages as well as the maternal ages for first-child-birth. In addition, there are less secure marriages, evident in higher divorce rates and expanded and easy access to family planning. The most underlying reason is the higher coats of housing and raising a family (economic concerns), leading to make married couples have only one child or not to have babies.

    • Word count: 988
  13. Marked by a teacher

    Pro-Natalist China's population policy

    4 star(s)

    In addition, as a result, there were improvements made in some medical services. Due to the death of Mao in 1976, the government decided to advocate voluntary population control to reduce the enormous birth rate. As China began to advice about limiting family sizes and informing the need of birth control, there was a decrease in population in the following years. What was introduced? 'One Child Policy' was then introduced by 1980. This policy provided benefits for couples which had only one child, therefore requires sterilization for couples with two children, and abortion for pregnant women who have no authorities.

    • Word count: 1419
  14. Free essay

    China One Child Policy

    4 star(s)

    Finally in 1980, the One Child Policy was introduced, which provided benefits for couples which had only one child. Still today this policy is going on and requieres sterilization for couples with two children, and abortion for women pregnant without authorization. By the 1980's, according to chinnese government statistics, birth control abortion and sterilization where averaged in more than 30 million a year. This means that the population since 1980 would had increased at a rate of 30 million per year, which would had brought a lot of overcrowded cities and social problems.

    • Word count: 1296
  15. Marked by a teacher

    Kobe and pakistan earthquake essay

    4 star(s)

    Highways, roads, homes, railroads, ports and other infrastructures were destroyed, also trains on minor lines were derailed. Main water ways bursted and there were fires evolving everywhere. These caused disruption of traffic, affects on economy, water suspension, and disrupted heat and gas areas around Kobe. However, what caused such a severe damage of the city of one of the most highest earthquake-prepared countrys, was that the city of Kobe is close by water, therefore is on soft land. Secondly, the focus was relatively shallow. Engineering was another reason. A huge amount of the houses in Kobe were built before the development of strict seismic codes (1981).

    • Word count: 715
  16. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent could Keralas approach in controlling population group be applied to other parts of the world such as China, Nigeria or others?

    3 star(s)

    is largely supportive of family-planning programs: high level of illiteracy, poor access to information, poverty, and gender-based disparities serve as significant barriers to family planning. These include social stereotypes, lack of male involvement in family planning, and continuing discrimination against the girl. Kerala, still a poor province, differs from the rest of India in a number of ways. Its life expectancy is 10 years longer than the rest of India(73 years as opposed to 63 years), the infant mortality rate is much lower than in the rest of India, literacy is almost universal(97%)and women are as educated as men and have important positions in local politics.

    • Word count: 1113
  17. Marked by a teacher

    Earthquakes: the Same Effects, but Differing Responses

    3 star(s)

    Other impacts include those caused by water - such as a tsunami; if the earthquake has caused sudden or abrupt movement of large masses of water, and floods; which occur from an overflow of water onto land. Lastly, humans can be impacted as earthquakes can cause injury and loss of life. Responses to earthquakes are affected by economic factors and types of technology available. Some immediate responses include rescue and medical teams taking action, tents given out to aid those affected, and emergency food and supplies distributed.

    • Word count: 961
  18. Marked by a teacher

    Changes in Tourism

    3 star(s)

    And travelling by trains was relatively cheaper compared to travel by planes because roundtrip tickets from London to Paris in Euro star cost $1575.6 HKD. However, air roundtrip tickets from London to Paris cost $2484 HKD in British Airways. Secondly, development of infrastructure- both roads and airports in More Economic Developed Countries (MEDCs)

    • Word count: 535
  19. Marked by a teacher

    Outline the causes and effects of one movement of labour from one region to another.

    3 star(s)

    For example, LEDCs such as India and Bangladesh would opt for a better lifestyle as they commonly perceive that working overseas would help them to live a more improved lifestyle. In addition to that, labour workers might find that there are better paid wages in other regions such as South East Asia and the Americas so that they could support their family -providing better food and necessities. Besides that, rapid economic development in these MEDCs attracts labour workers to migrate overseas as they believe the economy is more stable and there will be fewer fluctuations of inflation rates so that they would have less risky and long-term jobs.

    • Word count: 604
  20. Marked by a teacher

    China's One Child Policy

    3 star(s)

    At the bottom of the Chinese population pyramid (see fig. 1) one can again see large associates that were born between 1985 and 1990. They are almost as large as the birth cohorts during the "baby boom" years. However, these large number of birth are just the "echo effect" of the baby boom between the mid-1960s and mid-1970s. The large baby boom generation had their (first) children - and despite the fact, that each couple should have had only one child, the total number of births was high, because of the large number of parents.

    • Word count: 936

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