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International Baccalaureate: Geography

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  1. Tsunamis in Spain

    El Clima Las Palmas de Gran Canaria presumen de uno de los mejores climas del mundo. La temperatura media es de 17� cent�grados en invierno y 25� en verano. Adem�s las temperaturas no son agresivas y no suelen haber cambios bruscos. Causas de Tsunamis en La Palma Un tsunami se puede dar por diferentes razones. En algunos casos puede ocurrir debido a dislocaciones en el fondo del mar producidas por un terremoto de magnitud superior a 6.5 en la escala de Richter, el cual provoca s�bitos levantamientos o hundimientos de la corteza con el consiguiente desplazamiento de la columna de agua.

    • Word count: 1253

    Firstly, there are both similarities and differences in their education system. The secondary education is free for all children, but it is not compulsory in Vietnam. Meanwhile, English children required by law to have a free education until they are 16 years old. Furthermore, the national curriculum created and applied for all state schools in both countries.

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    However, most people in Western countries assume it restrict personal freedom, increase the violence rate and create more stress for the couples. Firstly, There are so many benefits for the couple if their parent arrange and select the spouses for them such as financial, experiences, and the other problems can be occur during their marriage.

    • Word count: 568
  4. Turkmenistan case study

    These canals will be a continuation of the pattern of water management that was started during Soviet times. The Karakum Canal is the longest irrigation and water supply canal which has a length of 1,375km which takes 13 cubic kilometres of water annually from the Amu Darya (major river from north of Turkmenistan). The flow in these large canals is controlled by a series of large hydraulic structures which allow water to be diverted for irrigation into many branch canals.

    • Word count: 2613
  5. Does Tourism bring more benefits than drawbacks to developing countries?

    These and other attractions contributed the arrival of total 124 million international visitors in the five years of 1990, 1995, 2000, 2002, and 2003. And they brought in approximately business of USD 52,891 million dollars in those five years. However, in developing countries other than Africa, the main attractions of visitors are mountains, wildlife, wetlands, and coastal areas. (Peter Saundry, www.eoearth.org, 25/08/2008) The tourism has also brought in foreign direct investment in the developing countries which has helped in developing these countries.

    • Word count: 1083
  6. The Growth of India as a Global Economic Power.

    Its demerits left India to struggle with debts, but soon in 1991, our nation adopted the NEP [New Economic Policy] opening up new avenues for the nation to explore with a strong focus on Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization. Today our economy is the twelfth largest in the world, with extensive labour power [ second largest in the world] and the PPP [Purchasing Power Parity] being fourth largest. India is also a major player in the international politics as well. But, the fact being that despite the tremendous economic growth rates reported in the recent decades, a large chunk of Indian population still remains poor.

    • Word count: 642
  7. Izmit Disaster Justification

    The oil refinery, stocking 70000 tons of oil was on fire and all the resources were burned out. Not only resources but also the refinery poured out large quantities of pollution into the air, the water and the land. A chlorine plant in Yalova had chemical leakage into the environment as well. Food supplies as well as buildings were destroyed in most of towns around the quake center, causing socio-economic disruptions. An estimation of 65000 buildings in Yalova were destroyed and people are all staying in the streets.

    • Word count: 480
  8. Millennium Development Goals (MDG) was established in September 2000 at Millennium Summit in New York City, United States of America, which was supported by 192 United Nation countries and 23 international organizations.

    The first goal is to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. The United Nations wanted to halve the population who only get less than $1 per day. Decent employment rate must also be achieved. Children who are under five years must not be in underweight anymore. The second goals of Millennium Development Goals were for the people to achieve at least primary education, and by 2015 all children may get the opportunity to finish their primary education.

    • Word count: 527
  9. Free essay

    Global Warming Controversy. Scientists opinions about climate change and whether it is a natural occurrence or rather a devastating consequence of human activity are very controversial. Therefore, there has been a lot of discussion throughout the past

    Therefore their opinions divide the theory of climate change in two sides: Scientists, who believe in climate change due to human causes, and their opinion get supported by solid facts. Records over the last 150 years show a steady industrialization resulting in an increase of carbone dioxide concentration by 31 percent. Furthermore, the same records also show the amount of methane in the atmosphere, which has increased by alarming 151 percent. Besides these telling facts, we also know that driving cars, generating electricity from coal-fired power plants and the general use of fossil fuels enlarge the amount of greenhouse which pollutes the air.

    • Word count: 1437
  10. Why are coral reefs important?

    Why are coral reefs important? (10 marks) Environmentally * Coral reefs occupy less than a quarter of 1% of the marine environment. Many kinds of living creatures (more than 25% of all known marine fish species) live and depend on the coral reefs. Without, coral reefs, many animals would loose its habitat and protection. * Coral reefs are also the breeding sites of many fish and other sea animals. * Coral reefs acts like natural barriers for many islands and coasts.

    • Word count: 569
  11. Geo. human and ecosystem.

    However, it is very important. Nowadays, almost none of us, realize that human activity really cause significant damage to ecosystems. I agree that our activities cause permanent changes to ecosystems and I will try to cite some examples, supporting my thesis. To begin with humans often need to burn fuels or produce certain chemicals to sustain a variety of activities in society. Burning fuels and manufacturing chemicals also can produce pollutants, including wastes like trash or hazardous chemicals and atmospheric pollutants like sulfur dioxide or nitrogen oxides.

    • Word count: 480
  12. With reference to specific examples, examine the advantages of migrations

    The Philippines is the world's 12th most populous country in the world with a population of 92 million people of which 11 million live abroad (around 11% of the population). The majority of the Filipinos migrate to other nations in order seek for employment and financially support their families back in the Philippines. They are given the name OFW's which is an abbreviation for Overseas Filipino workers. In the US alone, it is estimated that there are around 3,100,000 OFW's.The greater number of these Filipino migrants are women that seek employment in other nations as domestic helpers and personal service workers.

    • Word count: 1786
  13. The Impact of Gangs in Mexico

    In addition, these groups of underprivileged people fought each other over the customers that bought drugs, routes for transporting drugs, modes of transport, drug sources, and hit men. Eventually, the fighting led to the formation of allies, now known as gangs, in which resources were shared by all members. The Gulf Cartel, located in Reynosa, Mexico, is an example of a modern gang. In this gang, trade routes on the West Coast are used to illegally smuggle drugs; they travel all the way to California.

    • Word count: 775
  14. Factors Affecting Tourism

    Therefore, it leads a trend that children have to leave school early to serve tourists such as Sherpa's in Nepal. Being as a Sherpa is actually a very dangerous work because they have to help tourists carrying their bag packs when they are traveling on the mountains, which may have higher risks to fall off of the mountains. Always carrying heavy bags may also lead them suffering from their injured backbone. In addition, working as Sherpa's are usually strong men, if they leave their village and migrate to major areas seeking jobs, they will leave women, children and the elderly behind the village and therefore women and children need to find jobs in rural areas such as working as farmers.

    • Word count: 722
  15. s*x-Segregated Schools

    Also, they probably tried drugs more than females because of their risk-oriented personality. If the schools were segregated, the males would still skip class and do poorly in school because it isn't the females who were making them do that. It was their own personal choice which is influenced by the nature and personality of a male himself.

    • Word count: 504
  16. Prague. The capital city of the Czech Republic, Prague, is situated in the very heart of Europe, on the river Vltava and is therefore a place that has been an intersection of continental merchant routes for many ages.

    The Czech Republic entered the age of depression. From the end of World War II (1945) to 1989, Czechoslovakia was under communist rule and "supervised" by the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics). Tyrannical tactics kept political dissent at a minimum, although there were attempts by citizens to reform the communist government once again. The most notable came in 1968. It was called the Prague Spring. Soviet troops invaded the Czech capital to suppress the reformist movement. After decades of nationalization under the communists, the Czech economy rapidly privatized in the 1990s and is now a day's one of the most industrialized city in Europe, with mining, manufacturing, and constructing all important parts of the economy.

    • Word count: 1470
  17. What are the issues caused by Disparities in modern society?

    The statistics show that Black people are stopped 6 times more likely, than white people. In total, 2.2 percent of the UK's population has been stopped by the police, of which more than 11 percent where black. In London, England's capital, this figure even reached a 20 percent high. Disparities have also caused issues in Latvia's society. Russians, who have settled at the coast of Latvia when the country was still part of the USSR, are now being discriminated against by the Latvians, and the government. Now there are over 400,000 Russians who are being mistreated, by having some of their rights taken off them, although they have lived there for many decades.

    • Word count: 618
  18. Water Shortages in Australia and the Government's Response.

    Water is a scarce resource even though in the earth there are 1,360,000,000 km3 of water. Only fresh water is drinkable to humans and animals, and only 3% of the earth's water is fresh water, that's why water is scarce resource. Another problem that affects the source of fresh water is global warming as more than 60% of the earth's fresh water is found in glaciers, and as temperature in the earth rises the glaciers are melting, mixing the fresh water with the ocean's salty water. The Commonwealth of Australia is a country that has managed to integrate into his country policies and programs useful ideas and restrictions to manage the usage of water in order to use it wisely and reverse the loss.

    • Word count: 1029
  19. EL NINO

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  20. Effectiveness of strategies designed to reduce disparities

    Manufacturing industries expanded, although they remained a small sector in Papua New Guinea's economy. Foreigners also had an influence in terms of economic development as its economy is largely owned and managed by foreigners. Wealth is also generated by foreign companies due to the employment opportunities, technology, training and management expertise provided. Economic and social advances have been made in Papua New Guinea since 1970, including about 43,000 nationals employed by the government, earning on average double or triple the national average income. Overall, government aid and foreign investment has helped to reduce regional disparities in Papua New Guinea, to a large extent extent, by encouraging economic growth and social development.

    • Word count: 1443
  21. Batak Tribe

    The house has three levels, people leave in the middle level, and animals are placed in the lower level. The house is a symbol of the batak's tribe. Ulos is a hand-made textile. It is made exclusively by women and used in traditional clothing, rituals, and as souvenirs. One important type of cloth, the ulos ragidup, is traditionally used at wedding ceremonies. On the day of the wedding, the father of the bride presents this cloth to the mother of the bridegroom.

    • Word count: 542
  22. The Living Conditions of Afghan women under the Taliban Force

    Taliban shows their violence by depriving Afghan women's fundamental human rights. Afghan women do not have right to decorate themselves and behave as they want. The Taliban's banning women wearing makeup or other things to decorate themselves, laughing, walking and talking loudly shows the harsh rule of Taliban (Goodwin). Women who violate these rules are considered as committing social offenses and get punished. Women also do not have right to decide their future especially in marriage due to the belief of patriarchal cultures.

    • Word count: 1203
  23. Immigration: The endless American Issue. Just as the newcomers of the former time assimilated into American culture, so are immigrants expected to do it in todays world.

    Just as the newcomers of the former time assimilated into American culture, so are immigrants expected to do it in today's world. Although, the mainstreams of recent immigrants do not hail primarily from Europe as in the waves of previous eras, but from Latin America and Asian culture, the motives that bring immigrants into American soil remain nearly the same. They come here to attain a better life for themselves and their children, to leave behind oppression and persecution, famine, genocide and more.

    • Word count: 1265
  24. Statistical Research Question: Does international aid cause more problems than it solves?

    An example is Africa; 'South Africa has a percentage of 47.67%'2 of the population living with less than a dollar per day. The countries in which I am going to focus are Rwanda and Mozambique; these two countries are located in Africa, these are countries that are actually receiving aid from different countries. In order to prove this hypothesis, we are going to talk about GDP; it means that, Gross Domestic Product. 'It is a measure of a country's overall economic output'3.

    • Word count: 1721
  25. Raspberry farming

    It has a fragile root system located near to the ground, which is a problem if the water isn't well drained, however otherwise it is very stable. The harvest starts in late june and ends in late july, giving farmers a month's time to collect the main harvest. Raspberries can be planted both in Autumn and spring, and already from the second (very rarely first) year the plants start giving berries. Raspberries are very water-loving plants, and can be planted and harvested in one place for up to 10-25 years, however only the first 12 or so years will have

    • Word count: 1663

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