Malaria Conditions in Venezuela

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        1. Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela

        2. Climate: tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

        3. Map

a.  Location absolute (8 00 N, 66 00 W) and relative (Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, between Colombia and Guyana)

b.  Physical features (Andes Mountains and Maracaibo Lowlands in northwest; central plains (llanos); Guiana Highlands in southeast)


AREA:  912,050 sq km


        4. Type of government (Federal Republic)  names of government officials(chief of state: President Hugo Chavez Frias (since 2 February 1999); Executive Vice President Elias JAUA Milano (since 26 January 2010); and political parties (A New Time or UNT [Omar BARBOZA]; Brave People's Alliance or ABP [Oscar PEREZ, currently in exile]; Christian Democrats or COPEI [Roberto ENRIQUEZ]; Communist Party of Venezuela or PCV [Oscar FIGUERA]; Democratic Action or AD [Henry RAMOS Allup]; Fatherland for All or PPT [Jose ALBORNOZ]; For Social Democracy or PODEMOS [Ismael GARCIA]; Justice First [Julio BORGES]; Movement Toward Socialism or MAS [Nicolas SOSA]; The Radical Cause [Daniel SANTOLO]; United Socialist Party of Venezuela or PSUV [Hugo CHAVEZ]; Venezuela Project or PV [Henrique SALAS Romer])

        5. Capital: Caracas

        6. International Organization affiliations: Caricom (observer), CDB, CELAC, FAO, G-15, G-24, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LAES, LAIA, LAS (observer), Mercosur (associate), MIGA, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, Petrocaribe, UN, UNASUR, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

        7. Size of armed forces: males age 16-49: 5,614,743 & females age 16-49: 6,074,834


        8. Official language: Spanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects. Ethnic composition: Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, indigenous people

        9. Population: 28,047,938 , population growth rate: 1.468% , and population distribution: 85.3 people per mile square

        10. Major cities: CARACAS (capital) 3.051 million; Maracaibo 2.153 million; Valencia 1.738 million; Barquisimeto 1.159 million; Maracay 1.04 million

        11. Infant mortality rate: 20.18 deaths/1,000 live births and average life expectancy: 74.08 years

        12. Teachers and Doctors per population: 1.94 physicians/1,000 population


        13. GDP (total: $368.8 billion and Per Capita: $12,400)

        14. % of land that is arable used for agriculture: 2.85%

        15. Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, bauxite, other minerals, hydropower, diamonds

        16. Major agricultural and industrial products: corn, sorghum, sugarcane, rice, bananas, vegetables, coffee; beef, pork, milk, eggs; fish; petroleum, construction materials, food processing, textiles; iron ore mining, steel, aluminum; motor vehicle assembly

        17. Major exports and imports: petroleum, bauxite and aluminum, minerals, chemicals, agricultural products, basic manufactures and agricultural products, raw materials, machinery and equipment, transport equipment, construction materials

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        18. Currency (include current exchange rate): Venezuelan Bolivar Fuerte…1=23.27 US cents

        19. Balance of Trade:39.21 US Billion Dollars per year

        20. Historical events: 

1989 - Carlos Andres Perez (AD) elected president against the background of economic depression, which necessitates an austerity programme and an IMF loan

1996 - Perez imprisoned after being found guilty of embezzlement and corruption.

1998 - Hugo Chavez elected president.

2000 - Foreign Minister Jose Vicente Rangel discloses plot to kill Chavez. Chavez wins another six years in office and a mandate to pursue political reforms.

Chavez becomes the first foreign head of state to visit Iraq since the 1991 ...

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