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International Baccalaureate: History

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  1. Examine the methods used and the conditions which helped the rise to power of one single party state leader in one country of Latin-America in the first half of the 20th century

    These people were searching for anti-communism, but at the same time, economic nationalism, and this was mainly because of the effects of the economic depression of the 30’s at the country. Moreover, the Great Depression was a long-term effect that contributed to Perón’s rise to power. The Great Depression had a great impact in the country but it came some years later. In 1932 the UK agrees at the Ottawa Conference that she would only buy Commonwealth products, this affected Argentinean economy as its model was dependant on the British market.

    • Word count: 1365
  2. The advantages the USA had in the beginning meant that they were always going to win the Cold War To what extent do you agree with this?

    since the beginning in almost every aspect (economical, military, technological, etc) and more importantly, it managed to stay in the same level of superiority, while the USSR completely broke down. This essay will focus on demonstrating how the advantages the USA had, meant they were always going to win the Cold War, taking in mind really important events, such as the space race, the Hungarian Uprising, the end of the cold war and the situation at the beginning of it.

    • Word count: 1523
  3. Why did the Communists win the Chinese Civil War between 1945 and 1949?

    The CCP?s victory was mainly due to the majority of peasant support. While Chiang Kaishek said of the peasants that their task was ?to provide us (GMD) with information concerning the enemy, food, comforts and soldiers for our armies?[3], Mao Ze Dong said of the peasants that they ?are the backbone of the peasant associations? To attack them is to attack the revolution?. Evidently there is a stark contrast in the opposition leader?s view of peasants. While Chiang believed that they were dispensable, Mao praises and recognizes the peasants-in contrast with the way they had been neglected.

    • Word count: 1494
  4. To what extent can Alexander II be called a liberator

    Therefore the government censured and controlled the education, making difficult the access to higher education. He also restricts the sell of foreign books. Nicholas did not agree with serfdom and he considerate the idea of abolishing it, but he was afraid of the landowners turn against him. However he took actions to improve the peasant life style with help of the minister Pavel Kiselev. Emancipation of the Serfs This was the first and most important liberal reform of Russia during Alexander?s reign making serfs free.

    • Word count: 1275
  5. Was the League of Nations doomed to fail?

    Further to this, the League did not fully represent the power balance of the world as the USSR and Germany were prohibited from its membership, and the USA, the most powerful post-war country, declined membership altogether. This, plus the fact that it was dominated by Allied powers, resulted in the League of Nations appearing like a ?Winners? Club? intent on imposing vindictive sanctions rather than a force for international peace from the very offset. The refusal to join the League of Nations by the USA was a catastrophic blow to the fledgling organisation.

    • Word count: 1337
  6. Was Gorbachev the main reason for ending the Cold War?

    This figment of the Great American Psyche was the driving force in Cold War tensions throughout the seventies and eighties and looked set to wreak its onslaught to all corners of the globe, until Mikhail Gorbachev emerged as a new kind of Soviet leader. Thanks to Gorbachev?s abilities to understand that the wishes of the Americans were far from dissimilar to his own, to employ not just his insight but his foresight to see a resolution to such a destructive conflict, he not only deserves the title ?man of the twentieth century?, but also exemplifies the main reason that the Cold War started to come to its long-overdue end.

    • Word count: 1616
  7. How successful was Khrushchev as Soviet Leader?

    Again similarly to Stalin, Khrushchev?s power base was the most important aspect of his ascent, especially the influence he had in the army, which proved crucial in outmanoeuvring opponents. After an attempt by Politburo members to remove him from power, the success of which was prevented by Khrushchev?s astute political persuasiveness as he referred the matter to a Central Committee full of his own supporters; this ensured Khrushchev was ultimately successful in his rise to Leader of the Soviet Union, although his initial position very fragile.

    • Word count: 1903
  8. Terrorism is very hard to define; there is no single universally accepted definition for terrorism. The U.S.A, like other nations has developed their own definition.

    So there is no one true definition of terrorism. Terrorism has been around for as long as people can remember, terrorism dates back to the early signs of civilization. From ancient times to present day?s rebel groups, governments, individuals used force and acts of terror to destroy enemies and to spread fear amongst people. The earliest known terrorist organization to exhibit acts of terrorism was the Zealots of Judea. They carried out an underground campaign against the Roman forces as well as the Jews that joined forces with the Romans.

    • Word count: 1585
  9. A period of economic and political stagnation. How valid is this assessment of the Brezhnev years?

    Rather than performing heroics in the 1917 Revolution in the manner of the first Soviet leaders, Brezhnev instead gained his reputation in WWII, through his work relocating factories and serving as a political commissar, to end the war with a well respected rank of major general. A lot like both his predecessor and Stalin in terms of administrative ability, yet lacking their strength of personality, Brezhnev nonetheless had an innate political skill allowing him to eliminate rivals by patience and stealth rather than anything obtrusive or untoward.

    • Word count: 1637
  10. Why did Stalin rather than Trotsky emerge as the leader of the USSR in 1929?

    party through his administrative work and holding of key positions, all enabling him to secure a strong power base with which he could successfully emerge as the next leader of the USSR. The most important of these positions was his appointment as General Secretary in 1922. This position, coupled with the fact that he was the only member of the party in both the Politburo and the Orgburo, enabled Stalin to control both the membership of the party and the appointment of key positions as well as what information other people received, and also by setting the agendas for party meetings, he was able to control what was discussed.

    • Word count: 1522
  11. To what extent was Germany the focus of Cold War hostility between 1945 and 1961?

    Germany's geographical position in the centre of Europe and its potential economic strength, made it difficult for the western powers and the USSR to agree about what they could do with Germany. The USSR did not wish to see a resurgent united Germany as that would pose a threat to its security. At the same time, it wished to get as much as out of Germany as possible in terms of reparations. The USA had come to see that the best hope for European peace would lie on the rapid economic recovery of Germany.

    • Word count: 1138

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