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International Baccalaureate: History

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  1. Propaganda analysis -recruitment posters from the Great War.

    Therefore the audience of this were men eligible to join the army, usually above the age of eighteen. The reader?s gaze during reading this poster will first fall upon the text that reads ?Daddy, what did you do during the great Christmas war? and then followed by the transparent and confused look on the fathers face as opposed to the expected conversational answer. The overall effect of the text and graphology created with the young girl that looks upon her father in a very heroic manner followed by the troubled face of the father himself that is in deep thought with no apparent answer creates a sense of shame as he falls into realization that he has been of no contribution to his nation as contrary to how his children see him.

    • Word count: 1281
  2. Was The Second World War beneficial to the United States of America?

    As mentioned above, the Second World War started in 1939 but USA only entered the war in 1941. When the war had started, US were following its usual policy of Isolationism. They didn?t want to get involved in war at all. After the war began in Europe in 1939, people in the Americas were divided on whether their countries should take part or stay out. Most Americans hoped the Allies would win, but they also hoped to keep the United States out of war.

    • Word count: 1113
  3. How similar were Hitler and Stalin ?

    Their fathers beat them and died when they were nearly teenagers. They were exceptional students at an early age and developed into excellent artists in school, though they failed to graduate from high school. They were a social dropout living on their own by the age of twenty. In 1913, they both lived in Vienna. Moreover, they served time in jail for their political beliefs. So both of these dictators were extremists and broke the law for political reasons. The difference is that Hitler was fascinated by fascism and was a Nazi, and Stalin was fascinated by Marxism and was a communist.

    • Word count: 785
  4. History questions on Soviet Russia and its relations with the rest of the World.

    Where individual governments stand in path of Soviet purposes pressure will be brought for their removal from office. 4. In foreign countries Communists will, as a rule, work toward destruction of all forms of personal independence, economic, political or moral. 5. Everything possible will be done to set major Western Powers against each other. 6. In general, all Soviet efforts on unofficial international plane will be negative and destructive in character, designed to tear down sources of strength beyond reach of Soviet control.

    • Word count: 2233
  5. What was the main cause of the French Revolution?

    Coupled with an extravagant King, a series of crop failures and the Seven Years Plan which caused France to face severe financial difficulties, the French Revolution was a disaster waiting to happen. Also the role of the French people and leading ideologies from political leaders was a major influencing factor, as this strong social desire for change was the reason there was a large majority of involvement. The most important cause of the French Revolution was economically the country?s sizeable national debt.This was from the result of the Seven Years War durig 1756to 1763 and the French were not only bankrupted by the Seven Yeras War, but also the War of the Austrian Succession and the American War for Independence.

    • Word count: 2234
  6. World War One; A Limited & Total War

    The government still needed men to help with the cause, so Great Britain took action. Since the government took control of a lot more than the War policy, that turned the war more total by drafting men from the ages 18-41, later also expanding their drafting pool to men from the ages 18-51 (Packet). This shows that as the war continues, even from the earlier stages, that the war was mostly total, and not so much limited. As the volunteers and draftees are a very vital part of the war, so are the resources of the people at home and abroad.

    • Word count: 1002
  7. Analyse the causes of the Spanish Civil War

    They were experiencing growth in power and wealth. Ironically, the reason for its decline was actually too much wealth. This was because it allowed the country to buy rather than produce up until 1898, where during the Spanish-American war, Spain not only lost its importance but its American Empire and the Philippines. In fact, after having lost the main source of income, Spain was not immediately prepared to produce and export for itself as it was mainly rural. The economic power as well as the social position with the nearby countries declined.

    • Word count: 2071
  8. The Rise of Julius Caesar

    Lastly his oratory skills allowed him to gain people?s support and sway the Senate; thus providing opportunities he needed to become a great political and military leader. Without a doubt, Julius Caesar was able to effectively use the political system, win major military campaigns, form a revolutionary alliance and captivate the public with his oratory to uplift himself to power. Caesar used the Roman political system to gain the people?s support. Firstly, when he was appointed as curator of the Appian Way in 66 B.C.

    • Word count: 2120
  9. The Potsdam Conference marked the end of the wartime alliance and laid the foundations for post-war hostility. With reference to the period up to 1946, to what extent do you agree with this statement?

    Potsdam was the end of the wartime alliance and the start of the increased suspicion that led to the beginnings of the Cold War. The Alliance had only been holding due to two major factors; the common enemy that the Nazi regime was, the relationship between the ??Big Three??. Whilst the Nazi regime existed the three Allies coordinated together against the bigger evil. They shared intelligence and managed joint attacks which meant that they could not concentrate on their opposing ideologies and just focused on the threat, Hitler.

    • Word count: 1051
  10. The Ruhr Crisis- viewed from the German perspective

    Because of this, tensions between our nations are high. It may also be that our recent ?vacations? to Russia have made our French friends suspicious. All aside, upon being late for our scheduled shipment of lumber a force of French and Belgian troops proceeded to invade the Ruhr Region, which is rich in natural resources. Many of the German residents of the area have fought back, some by denying the French these resources while others use guns and death. The situation has escalated into a bloody conflict, which we wish to end as quickly and with as little harm as possible.

    • Word count: 881
  11. Notes on the history of Communist China

    Sun attempts to stage uprisings in Shandong - fizzles out 14. Yuan abandons his scheme (under pressure from foreign powers) but provinces continued to declare their independence 15. Yuan dies in 1916, but leaves behind a powerless parliament and weak civilian govt 16. China would become plaything of succession of warlord factions 17. 1916-1928 - The Warlord period 18. after Yuan?s death parliament continued to exist but power was held by provincial warlords 19. these militarists exercised direct political power, retaining control over civil administration and imposing their own taxes to pay for their armies which were the sole basis of their power 20.

    • Word count: 3951
  12. Has Canada always been fair when it comes to immigration?

    Many innocent immigrants faced humiliation and difficulties when the War Measures Act was passed. The war measures act was first introduced in 1914 during which Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden and his conservative government held office (Mapleleaf Web). Essentially, the policy expanded the federal government?s power in times of war allowing them to deport, detain and/or arrest ?enemy aliens? as well as seize, control or take away their property (Hodge ? 23). An enemy alien was a term used to describe an immigrant living in Canada, originally from a country that was at war (dictionary.com).

    • Word count: 1667
  13. The Importance of the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan in the Development of the Cold War

    This 'real', geographical divide between the two powers was also something that was encouraged by the public. Anti-Soviet and Anti-American cartoons were regularly printed in newspapers, promoting this division of cultures and policies. Another thing that furthered the Cold War was that the Americans were economically benefiting greatly from the Marshall Plan, as they also had from the Second World War. This angered the USSR because their own economic situations was not very stable and they had to work extremely hard to rebuild their destroyed country. The USA on the other hand, was increasing it's production, as well as their exports, and hence improving their industry.

    • Word count: 1083
  14. An Ethnic History of Canada.

    1755: When the British attack major French positions in Canada, the Acadians? oath of neutrality comes under suspicion. The Acadians refuse to take the oath of allegiance to the British crown, so Britain decides to deport over 6,000 Acadians. Many Acadians were assimilated into Anglophone colonies. Tensions rise between Francophones and Anglophones in Canada. 1763: The Royal Proclamation set guidelines for European settlement in First Nations territories. It protected unsettled lands belonging to First Nations tribes and acknowledged their titles to those lands. This helped preserve First Nations culture, although it did not include the Metis, or their land rights.

    • Word count: 1813
  15. Cold war notes

    The needs of the country are important but individual wants are important too. Decisions are made by all the people through free elections. Economic System Communism is a system where the state (government) controls the economic system. Individual citizens cannot own private property. Capitalism is a system where individuals control the economy and can own property. 1. A. It was built to detect soviet planes or missiles to give early warning of an attack. B. Distant Early Warning stations were centered In the Canadian north, and the Americans would require data from these stations if in fact there were any planes of missiles en-route from the north, and they treated the areas where the stations were placed almost as American territory, and reporters would require American authorization.

    • Word count: 702
  16. How and Why Can the Voyages of Columbus and the Conquests of Cortes Both be Considered Major Turning Points in History?

    From the Native people living in the New World, he discovered potatoes, maize, beans, and squash which he brought back to Europe. This had completely altered the lifestyles and diets of the Native people: horses were now available to do hard labor, pigs were raised to be eaten or sold for money, and foreign crops were mingling into everyday meals. Potatoes and maize had been adopted by the Europeans as a stable food back in Europe. The increase in nutrients, vitamins and food caused a sudden growth in human population in Europe and the New World.

    • Word count: 970
  17. Comparison of the International Movements of the Haitian Revolution and American Revolution

    The French Revolution wreaked havoc in France where many were killed even if they were just suspected of treason and now economic advancement was not occurring thus leading to massive amounts of debts and a weak economic state. Likewise in the French and Indian War the British incurred large costs for this war leaving them crippled and buried in debt. If this handicap was not evident on both sides there might have been a strong chance that their revolutions would have been unsuccessful.

    • Word count: 1560
  18. To What Extent was the victory of the North in the United States Civil War due to its superior industrial resources and manpower?

    The Union outweighed the Confederacy in almost every way. Nearly 21 million people lived in 23 Northern states. The South claimed just 9 million people including 3.5 million slaves in 11 confederate states. Despite the North's greater population, however, the South had an army almost equal in size during the first year of the war. The Confederacy had only one-ninth the industrial capacity of the Union. But that statistic was misleading. In 1860, the North manufactured 97 percent of the country's firearms, 96 percent of its railroad locomotives, 94 percent of its cloth, 93 percent of its pig iron, and over 90 percent of its boots and shoes.

    • Word count: 803
  19. Technological Developments Made During WW2

    enforce strict anti-malaria discipline and the rate of infection in their armies were 30-50 per cent ? equivalent to the rates of infection among British troops three years earlier.[3] Furthermore, in 1941 the Allies discovered a new treatment for dysentery - sulphaguanidine. An epidemic of bacillary dysentery among Australian troops in New Guinea in 1942-43 was controlled within ten days of the administration of this new drug. As a result, the Japanese attempt to take Port Moresby failed; it is commonly said that ?sulphaguanidine saved Moresby?[4].

    • Word count: 2208
  20. Socialism in Nineteenth Century Europe

    This is what is known as a rural exodus and it changed the surface of society. With this social change came the developement of new social philosophies. An important critical thinker of the late 18th century who is credited as being the father of modern capitalism is Adam Smith. He put forward the idea of credited self-interest and free competition as the driving forces of a capitalist society. This complemented the new industries that were growing, especially in the United Kingdom as it implied Machiavellian approach to economics- ?the end justifies the means?.

    • Word count: 817
  21. To what extent were Deng Xiaopings Four Modernizations successful?

    With the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in 1966, China became too occupied with imprisoning ?revisionists? that education for the public halted. Economically, the lack of education is devastating as less people are able to specialize in fields that develop new technology which improves the means of production. The formation of the Red Guards who supported Mao in the revolution proved once again to be a setback for the country as they had destroyed institutions and universities. China had reached an ultimate low point and Mao was growing old and politically weak.

    • Word count: 934
  22. Discuss the features of British Administration in Hong Kong in the first half of the twentieth century

    the British forces in Hong Kong and could mobilize the forces to defend HK without first informing London in case of emergency. Yet, as the representative of the British Crown in Hong Kong, the governor on one hand had enormous ruling power, but on the other, was constrained by the British government, conventions, civil service system and British merchants in Hong Kong. Firstly, the Governor was constrained by the British government. For example, the British government could appoint and dismiss the Governor and appointed all high-ranking officials, such as the Commander of the British Forces in Hong Kong, Chief Secretary, Attorney General, Financial Secretary and Chief Justice.

    • Word count: 1265
  23. Technological Developement in WW1

    For it to be said, in the beginning of the war they used handguns and grenades for aerial-combat and tactical bombing. Later on a Dutch airplane manufacturer founded in Germany, had invented a mechanism that made it possible to shoot through the propellers. This machine-mechanism got included in the Fokker planes, which especially made for air-combat. This mechanism mounted on the Fokker planes, ruled the air when it got released in 1915. The fact that the pilots were able to shoot straight forward gave them a great advantage, against the slower recon planes with handguns and grenades.

    • Word count: 720
  24. To what extent did the previous French occupation of Lebanon influence religious and ethnic divisions within the country which, later on, contributed to the countrys civil war of 1976-1990 and then lead to the Taif Agreement?

    This investigation assesses the ideologies and views of the events involved in causing the war and it assesses only the opinions of the citizens of Lebanon. B. Summary of Evidence This specific war was not cause by one or two incidents alone, but by centuries and decades of compiled problems to the extent where the majority of the citizens couldn?t take it much longer. In their well written research paper The Lebanese Civil War, 1975-1990, Makdisi and Richard Sadaka claim that the Lebanese Civil War broke out in April 1975, twenty-nine years after the withdrawal of foreign troops from Lebanon

    • Word count: 2387
  25. The Weimar republic was doomed from the start. Discuss.

    The Weimar constitution was inherently flawed and led to the overall failure of the Weimar republic; because of loopholes in the constitution (article 48) right wing fascists (hitler) were able to come to power. The constitution was set up to create a democratic republic that gave rights to the people, treated men and women equally, and religious freedom. Article 48, however was a huge loophole. According to this article, the reich president may go against everything the constitution forbids, including using armed forces, suspend fundamental rights, and dissolve the Reichstag if Germany?s public safety and order are disturbed.

    • Word count: 795

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