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International Baccalaureate: History

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  1. US History -notes on the changes in religion

    Poor, less-educated Southerners and Westerners mostly were Methodists or Baptists. 2. Wealthier, more-educated, and urban Easterners were Episcopalian, Presbyterian, Congregationalists, or Unitarians. 3. Issue on slavery split between churches. 3. A Desert Zion in Utah 1. In 1830, Joseph Smith reported that he received golden plated from an angel in which he deciphered it and called the Book of Mormon. 2. Opposed and brought anger due to the Mormons voting as a block, drilling a militia, and having multiple wives.

    • Word count: 1420
  2. Evaluate Roosevelt's Approach to the Great Depression

    meeting with Congress, demanding "broad executive power to wage a war against the emergency, as great as the power that would be given me if we were in fact invaded by a foreign foe." Or in plainer text, to seize power and to assume a dictatorial position that threatened the Congress to cooperate. Roosevelt?s goal was to resolve the banking crisis by declaring a national bank holiday, shutting down all banks (preventing anyone from withdrawing) while his aides drafted the Emergency Banking Relief Act and the RFC buying stocks of troubled banks while simultaneously giving Roosevelt power over the Federal Reserve system.

    • Word count: 1025
  3. American Experience during World War II

    This caused America to fight two wars simultaneously: one against the perseverant Japanese and the other against Germany with its powerful arsenal. To the U.S, the Pacific theatre seemed somewhat more brutal than the European theatre. The U.S conducted an ?island hopping? campaign where they jumped from island to island, in order to liberalize islands occupied by the Japanese. The jungle-type environment was the main factor that made the pacific war so intense; the army had to conduct close ranged gun battles since the tropical terrain did not allow tanks to function meritoriously.

    • Word count: 732
  4. Answers to Questions on Russia and the 1905 Revolution

    The ?soviet? was set up in St. Petersburg during the 1905 Revolution because St. Petersburg needed a body to organize supplies and emergency measures, and to form the policy on strikes. War with Japan had ruined morale and embarrassed the Russian military, and people needed to regain control of the situation. 2b. The 1905 Revolution broke out because the poor and wealthy were discontent, strikes were going about, famines were drastically decreasing the peasants? standards of living, and there began uprisings in Poltava and Kharkov.

    • Word count: 1599
  5. Comparing Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece

    and the protection of these attributes was very necessary for the person was to achieve immortality after death? (?Body and Soul?). The Ancient Greeks also had a widely-developed pantheon with many different gods. The Zeus was on the top of pantheon (Olympus); the other gods were submitting to him. Various other gods and goddesses were there for many other things, such as the god of war (Ares) and the goddess of love (Aphrodite). As the Egyptians Greeks also believed that the soul of the person still lives after death; therefore it went into the underworld to be judged by the god of underworld (Hades)

    • Word count: 1481
  6. The Jesuit Mission and Portugal.

    As politics merged with religion, fundamental Christian values became distorted and manipulated. The Portuguese cared simply for their dividend from the missions created by the Jesuits. This gap between the church and the values of Christianity is the reason the Portuguese needed to evacuate the Jesuit missions by force. The Jesuit ideology is well-communicated through the words of Gabriel. Always, his answers come from an unwavering belief in his interpretation of the Lord's will. During Mendoza's penance, a member of the order inquired as to when Mendoza's penance would end.

    • Word count: 825
  7. To what extent was Uncle Tom's Cabin preponderant in shaping people's mindset about slavery before the Civil War?

    Economically, the United States depended heavily on agriculture, and consequently, on slave labor. Plantations were the primary means of making money in the South, which essentially meant that for many, slavery was an economic necessity. Under pressure, congress passed the Fugitive Slave Act in 1850, which made it a civil duty of all citizens in all states to assist law-enforcement in their efforts to capture run-away. It also basically made a criminal out of anyone who attempted to help slaves in their struggle towards freedom. By setting fixed rewards for anyone who captures a fugitive slave, the State basically established slave hunting season all over the United States.

    • Word count: 1574
  8. To What Extent Did The Space Race Exacerbate Political Tensions Between The USA and USSR during the Cold War?

    Overall, I feel that the Space Race?s propaganda and implications for Missile technology greatly increased tension between the Superpowers. Main Body/Investigation Word Count: 294 Origins of the Cold War To consider how the space race raised tensions between the USA and USSR during the Cold War we need to first determine what the Cold War was and how it developed. In diplomatic terms there are 3 types of war. Firstly, a ?hot war? is where all diplomatic efforts have failed and fighting is taking place.

    • Word count: 4728
  9. Justifications for the First Gulf War.

    As History in Focus states, ?Washington's pro-Israeli stance and its role in the Camp David Accords of 1978, and London's support for the conservative Gulf monarchies, were also resented by Baghdad.? Because of USA?s stance on Palestine in the 1970?s Iraq would not work with the US and other countries. However, in the war between Iraq and Iran, the USA supported Iraq because Iran was a nuclear threat. These conflicting notions of defending and opposing Iraq led to the US opinion that Iraq was capable of great harm.

    • Word count: 878
  10. For what reasons, and with what results, was Germany a centre of Cold War tension between 1945-1961?

    These conditions forced the ?Big Three? (USA, Russia and Great Britain) to meet at the Yalta Conference to decide the fate of Germany. Along with several agreements made at the conference, a major decision was the de militarization and division of Germany. After its unconditional surrender, Germany was divided into four zones of Allied military occupation: American, French, British, and Soviet. The old capital of Berlin was also divided into four zones, but Berlin itself remained inside of the Soviet zone.

    • Word count: 1458
  11. What extent was the alliance system responsible for causing World War One?

    The alliance system only had a fractional impact on causing World War One. The alliances were considered to have ensured that more than two countries would be involve in a prospect of war as due to the connections and agreements made in the alliances, nations were obligated to join in the situation. Thus, when Austria-Hungary was having troubles with Serbia due to the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, Germany, on the 5th of July, had given their Dual and Triple Alliance partner, Austria-Hungary, the ?blank cheque? to assure their support. This support had created stronger rivalry and bigger tension between the nations; therefore, it can be considered as one of the short-term factors in causing the Great War.

    • Word count: 1630
  12. Assess the success and failures of the British mandates in Palestine

    What he didn?t know was that there was a controversial exclusion of territory, which obviously included Palestine. The British claimed that neither Palestine nor Jerusalem where mentioned in any legal document at any point. The British Empire wanted to keep that piece of land for strategic means. The Suez Canal was located just beside Palestine. This was a key point for the British, because it was a speed up access from the east to the west, without having to go all around Africa. The triple entente won the war and left Britain in control of Palestine, just as they had planed.

    • Word count: 1529
  13. Bismarck: How Significant Was His Contribution To German History?

    Bismarck?s reasonable significance to German history can be noted by inspecting his roles in the 1871 German unification, and through his domestic and foreign policies 1871-1890. Bismarck is known to have created a united Germany by 1871. Bismarck proved to be a significant leader as early as: war with Austria, North German Confederation, Franco-Prussian war, and more. That aside, Bismarck managed to achieve a speedy unification due to his ambition and by defeating the French in 1870. A.J.P. Taylor would argue weather if Bismarck saw was with France as the only option to unite Germany.

    • Word count: 675
  14. The Crusades. Were the Christian Attacks on Muslims Justified?

    In addition, the Christians were fearful that the Muslims had too much power and were concerned over widespread Islamic beliefs. There was a ?fear of Islam at the time, and its overwhelming presence as a superior civilization and power? was apparent (Juma). Christians were afraid and intimidated by the rising popularity and growth of he Muslim faith throughout the region. Therefore, they believed the Muslims had possessed too much power over the land that was ?rightfully? meant for the Christian faith.

    • Word count: 1184
  15. How Significant Were The 1848 German Revolutions In Uniting Germany?

    The Frankfurt parliament was established in 1848 for the purpose of changing Germany from separate, independent states governed by many monarchs into one unified Germany that was liberal and constitutionally governed (Sparknotes). Although the intentions of the Frankfurt Parliament seemed promising, it lacked power from Pym, Franklin, Mirabeau, and Cavour. The lack of actions and power convinced leaders (such as Fredrick Wilhelm) to never fully accept the Frankfurt Parliament and its push for a unified Germany. As stated ?if the King of Prussia would not, Germany could not? (Farmer).

    • Word count: 740
  16. How successful was Reconstruction following the American Civil War?

    Among the relationships between the two groups were the views of the blacks? work ethics, and the feelings of anger and mistrust. According to historian Ed Ayers, the blacks were taught to ask for a contract when working for someone else, to ensure that they would get paid, and that they would be paid a guaranteed amount. The fact that the former slaves felt that it was necessary to hold a contract with the southern plantation owners, demonstrated the mistrust that was between the former slaves and the land owners.

    • Word count: 1049
  17. Cold War Blame. Though Russia did pose as a viable threat to Europe and the rest of the world, the United States should be blamed for starting the Cold War.

    This would no doubt cause a third world war. American officials became increasingly worried, and voiced their opinions about Russia. George Kennan, the U.S Ambassador to the Soviet Union, declared ?we cannot afford to permit the Russians to exercise unchallenged power?. Kennan is suggesting that the United States take action against Russia to prevent them from using their immense power to attack in Europe. This marked the beginning of the rising tensions between the United States and Russia. The paranoia expressed by the United States is the first step towards the start of the Cold War.

    • Word count: 1059
  18. What caused World War 1?

    The new German Empire consisted of the previously separate 30+ states consequently bringing together the industrial, economic and military power of each individual region forming a giant superpower. Under the leadership of Otto van Bismarck Germany was a relatively peaceful nation, however once control was handed over to Kaiser Wilhelm III the nation became aggressive, seeking to further its imperial desires at any cost. Thus reacting to the threat, countries made allies with those who had common goals and valuable national assets e.g.

    • Word count: 4716
  19. List the benefits that the First World War brought to the US economy

    So, US exports increased. In relation to where the USA stood in terms of the rest of the world, the American industry was the lead industry of the world. Its steel, coal and textile industries were growing quickly and it was the leading oil producer, as well as leading in delevoping new technology. Furthermore, its pharamacology department as well as its film industry were also the most advanced. American products were being sold all over the world. However, farmers were overproducing, which would later on turn into a serious issue.

    • Word count: 657
  20. Explain the effects of the purges in the Soviet Union in the 1930s

    This had a negative effect because he was able to do what he wanted without any opposition. There was no other view to compare and contrast. This caused chaos. There was a lack of consistency. Stalin focused on getting rid of the opposition to rise and secure his power and also uniting his supporters instead of focusing on the economy, politics, society or military. The economical effects of the purges were at first positive.

    • Word count: 708
  21. Anti-semitism - history and causes.

    So the other groups didn?t like it and started hating them. They created slanders, legends and myths about them, so that the other groups also hated them. What are the main reasons that anti-Semitism has continued to grow? Anti-Semitism has continued to grow because people stopped seeing Judaism as a religion and started seeing it as an inferior race. They started seeing Jews as inferior like if they weren?t humans just because they didn?t believe in the same gods as they did. Other religions and cultures don?t understand that the only way that Judaism has persisted throughout time is by staying together, so anti-Semitism has continued to grow because of many reasons.

    • Word count: 560
  22. Evaluate how successful Mao Zedong and the CCP were in instituting socialist ideals in the people from 1912-1937

    The eventual founder of the CCP, Chen Duxiu promoted the ideas of reform and reinforcing the Chinese society. The Chinese held patriotic feelings for the event because they were discontented at the decisions made during the Versailles Peace Conference; the Shandong province was not returned to China after being occupied by Germany during the Great War, instead, it went to Japan. This brought about nationalistic feelings amongst the people which lead them to resort to ambitious ideas that would liberate them from being oppressed by foreign powers. Since China?s society was disintegrating, many would have accepted proposals to improve people?s lives, as it was highly unjustified because the rich owned most of the property and the poor were suffering from starvation.

    • Word count: 1001
  23. To what extent did women gain social equality during the 1920s?

    Word Count: 198 Summary of Evidence To what extent did women gain social equality during the 1920?s? In 1920, the 19th Amendment was ratified, giving women the right to vote. Margaret Gorman of Washington, D.C. won the first Miss America pageant in Atlantic City, NJ, in 1921. Women became more independent &successful in business &politics. In 1922, Mrs. W.H. Felton was appointed to the Senate by the governor of Georgia, although her term only lasted one day. Also in 1922, Coco Chanel introduced Chanel No. 5, which became one of the world?s best-known perfumes. Women started to have adventurous, dangerous, professions that previously were only held by men.

    • Word count: 2290
  24. Comparing Trench Warfare and Blitzkrieg

    However, trench warfare had numerous negative feedbacks that affect soldiers? lifestyle and the progress of war. In the beginning of trench warfare, the trenches are barely small dirt hills that can provide minor protection from bullet fires. But as the day passes, the small dirt hills developed into deep holes and to well build defense, trenches. (Descriptions about trench?s depth, length, and defense range). Trenches are divided into so called ?section.? If the enemy or artillery lands on a particular section of the trench, only that section will be affected, not affecting other sections of the trench.

    • Word count: 1810
  25. Raul Wallenberg; this is the story about his life. Who was he and what did he do?

    At that time, the bank played a major role in Sweden?s development from being an industrial country. Raoul?s grandfather, Gustav Wallenberg took care about Raoul?s education. The plan was to get Raoul to keep the family tradition, e.g. to be a banker. But he was more interested in architecture and in trade. Raoul graduated with top grades in Russian and art. After he finished his military duty 1931, he traveled over sea to start study architecture on University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.

    • Word count: 2042

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