• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cold War and middle East

Extracts from this document...


Rene' Barajas 04/24/08 Period 7 3. To what extent was the cold war a conflict between two irreconcilable ideologies? The Cold War was a conflict between the Communist nations led by the Soviet Union and the democratic nations led by the United States in the 1940's up until 1990, the dissolution of the Soviet Union. It was a hotly contested period filled with conflict, tension, and competition. It was a team of fear, pride, and nationalism. American children were taught to hide under their desks in case of the "Big One." Children in the Soviet Union were taught to work hard and to value Mother Russia over everything. This time period could have resulted in disaster, even a WWIII, but it did not. The cold war was due largely in part to a conflict in irreconcilable ideologies, those of capitalism and communism. Capitalism was the belief in a free market, every man for himself. Communism was a stark contrast, every man is equal and they all work for the state. These conflicting ideologies were the basis for the mistrust, disdain, and competition that was the Cold War. ...read more.


It relies upon terror and oppression, a controlled press and radio; fixed elections, and the suppression of personal freedoms. The events that initiated the cold war also show how these ideologies were ultimately incompatible with each other. By 1945, at the Yalta Conference, the Soviet Union obtained the Curzon Line as her new boundary line with Poland and also the control of the eastern zone of Germany. As the war was drawing to a close in May 1945, the Soviet Union quickly consolidated her control of Eastern Europe. The Red Army began by influencing the post-war elections. They intimidated the voters and changed the voting lists as they desired. President Roosevelt was friends with Stalin and believed he would keep the promises he made at Yalta to set up freely elected parliamentary governments. United States Policy changed when Roosevelt died and President Harry Truman took over. The new President was a complete contrast to Roosevelt. He did not believe the communists. He thought that the communists would not set up democratic governments in Eastern Europe. He also believed that after the Soviet Union had established her control in Eastern Europe, she would continue to extend her influence into Western Europe. ...read more.


Williams challenged the long-held assumptions of "orthodox" accounts, arguing that Americans had always been an empire-building people, even while American leaders denied it. According to Williams, U.S. policymakers shared an overarching concern with maintaining capitalism domestically. In order to achieve that objective, they pursued an "open door" policy abroad, aimed at increasing access to foreign markets for U.S. business and agriculture. From this perspective, a growing economy domestically went hand-in-hand with the consolidation of U.S. power internationally. Finally, there is the most recent "post-revisionist" view of the outbreak of the cold war. This view can be illustrated by Peter Calvocoressi in his popular book World Politics Since 1945. Calvocoressi believes that it was the conflict in ideologies between these two superpowers that led to this general disdain and mistrust. In conclusion, the cold war was caused largely due to the conflicting ideologies of Communist Russia and Capitalistic America. These disagreements led to arguments, which led to mistrust, and finally a great uneasy tension that almost boiled over into ultimate annihilation in the form of nuclear warfare. However, as historian Isaac Deutscher writes "It is useless to try to discover who made the first move to break the alliance. It is impossible to trace the first 'broken promise'." ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. To what extent, if any, did the Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster contribute to the fall ...

    Both sources were very close to the time of the catastrophe and thus does not capture the broader perspective of historical context and impact of the disaster but rather foreshadows the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. D. Analysis According to Soviet press releases, the country's nuclear industry was

  2. The cold war - the conferences and the start of the cCold War

    Ernest Bevin, a former trade union leader, was the most right- wing British Foreign Secretary of the 20th Century III. Clearly from the time of Potsdam, the beginnings of the Cold War were much clearer than they were at Yalta.

  1. Developments of Music During the Middle Ages

    the possibility for music to be passed down from generation to generation, and freed composers from the rigid bonds of monophonic music. Apart from being able to write much more complex pieces, composers could also mark down dynamics and inflections; thus, music had found a means of preservation.

  2. To What Extent Did The Space Race Exacerbate Political Tensions Between The USA and ...

    The nations faced Mutual Assured Destruction and decided that the best option would be to stand down from one another and let diplomacy take over. However the crisis still had an effect: ?This greatly changed the US? perspective on the USSR.

  1. I generally disagree that "the Six Day War shocked the Middle East and the ...

    After the 1948 War, which concluded based on armistice negotiations between February and July of 1949, a number of new stressors exacerbated the Arab-Israeli conflict.[6] First, due to the weakness shown by the Arabs leaders during the war, a period of instability followed in states such as Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon,

  2. Describe the Spread of Christianity in the Middle East

    erosion of many Christian church members who opted to emigrate to the west in pursuit of greater religious freedom.

  1. History IA: What were American peoples responses to the Vietnam War in 1965 1971?

    The event in 1966 about Trade Union Division of SANE is a result of the burdens that the Vietnam War was imposing on working class Americans became more and more evident, including within the AFL-CIO Executive Council. From this point, the most obvious thing is that US had given all

  2. How far do you agree that the origins of the Cold War in 19456 ...

    obviously not help tensions between the three leaders, certainly inferring that individual personalities could and did have a bearing on the Cold War. However, it should be noted that Stalin worked cordially with Churchill, and even honoured their agreement on splitting spheres of influence by refusing to let General Tito aid to communist group Elas against British forces.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work