Describe the Spread of Christianity in the Middle East

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             Spread of Christianity in the Middle East                

        Christianity originated in the Middle East in the 1st century AD and was one of the major religions of the region. Christianity spread rapidly from Jerusalem along major trade routes, encompassing Egypt, North Africa, Syria, Asia Minor, Cyprus, Greece, Italy and Southern Europe. The most populous Christian cities included Alexandria, Antioch, Rome, Constantinople (4th century), and Jerusalem (5th century). However, doctrinal disputes in the 4th and 5th centuries provoked conflict in the church. Disagreements on the worship of Jesus Christ and the Virgin Mary formed the premise of the conflict. As a result, sects such as the Church of the East, Oriental Orthodox Church, and Eastern Orthodox Church were established.

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        As a result of the rise of Islam and the Arab-Muslim Conquest of the Middle East and North Africa in the 7th century, Christianity slowly declined in these regions, and by the 10th century, Christians made up only 10% of the population of the Islamic Empire. At the end of the eleventh century, the Crusades brought in the ideas of the Roman Catholic Church from the west. After the Crusades, many eastern churches formed religious bonds, known as communions, with the Roman Catholic Church. After the publication of Martin Luther's 95 Theses in the 16th century, Catholicism and Protestantism became ...

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