I generally disagree that "the Six Day War shocked the Middle East and the world."

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The "Shock" of the Six Day War

October 21st, 2013

        The Arab-Israeli conflict leading up to the Six-Day War was a shock to the world outside of the Middle East. Within the region, however, the war was simply another development within the escalating religious and territorial engagement. The religious and territorial conflicts of the two groups dating back to the Zionist-Arab nationalist disagreements of the late nineteenth century had continued for nearly 100 years by 1967. The 1948 War showed the first glimpses of violent, organized conflict between the two sides. A manifestation of discrepancies between Israeli dogma and geographical ties and Arab dogma and geographical ties, Arabs (in particular) and Israelis viewed this war as a necessity in response to the unfairness of the United Nations Partition Plan. After the conclusion of the Western powers' involvement in the Suez-Sinai Campaign, tensions in the Middle East began to escalate quickly. Throughout the 1960s, terrorist activity on both sides of the conflict also increased. With these rising tensions and the preparation of both Israeli and Arab nation-building to support a military front, the 1967 Six Day War was not only expected, but also inevitable. I generally disagree that "the Six Day War shocked the Middle East and the world." The Six Day War was a result of tensions contributed by the uneasy conclusions of the 1948 War, 1956 Suez-Sinai Campaign, and terrorist violence during the 1960s from Israelis and Arabs. While the conflict was perceived as expected and inevitable in the Middle East, the Western powers were less prepared for organized conflict in the region. Concerned with domestic issues, such as the construction of the Berlin Wall, the Vietnam War, and the rapid cultural schism of the United States, the forceful eruption of violence in 1967 surprised the world outside of the Middle East. But for those in the Middle East, the Six Day War was a long time coming.

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        After the 1948 War, which concluded based on armistice negotiations between February and July of 1949, a number of new stressors exacerbated the Arab-Israeli conflict. First, due to the weakness shown by the Arabs leaders during the war, a period of instability followed in states such as Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria. While changes in leadership preceded cries for revitalized efforts in the liberation of Palestine, the refugee question also burdened Arab nations. Though both sides blamed the other for the displacement of over 700,000 Palestinian refugees, and some refugees resettled in Europe and parts of the Persian Gulf, many integrated themselves into ...

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