History Holiday Essay:

Examine the impact of Castro’s rule since 1959 upon the society, economy and international position of Cuba

Cuba, under the rule of Fidel Castro, is a country that has only recently found its accumulative foothold economically, socially and internationally. From 1959 onwards, the year Castro took control, Cuba has grown from being a protectorate state of the USA, to an ‘anti-imperialist’, independent and flourishing country – learning through the trial and error process as to what is best for the people of Cuba. Castro has been the implement of change for the social, economic and international situations within his country, while the people have slowly seen glimpses of his vision for the state that he ruled with an Iron Fist of a single party.

The social condition of the Cuban people at present is a result of the money and effort poured in by Castro and his leaders to create a solid and lasting group of motivated workers. Since 1959, the spatial inequality (the monetary difference between the poorest and the richest in the country) has dropped significantly, meaning that people are close to earning the same incomes as everyone around them. This builds self-esteem and morale among the people who work all day in the fields of agricultural Cuba. It also, however, can result in the contrary – lazy workers arise who earn the same as everyone else but do not do much to earn it, maintaining the attitude of there being too many jobs in the industry.

Since Castro’s reign, women have been given the opportunity to vote, a liberating freedom for all women. This freedom is argued by the fact that there is no one other than Castro to vote for, but some believe it is the initial gesture that counts. Women have also gained the ability to access more occupations. Of the entire Cuban workforce, women represent 40%. They have taken on conventionally male jobs, such as doctors and lawyers – but few reach the peak of their occupation and are constantly kept at their level in order to maintain male control. Traditionally this could be a loss of position within the house and ignorance of the job to produce and raise children, as naturally demanded of women. However, Castro has encouraged everyone to take to the workforce and build Cuba’s economy, status and morale in harmony. Within the home, women now have maternity leave, pension for below-average earners and open divorce laws so that revoking a marriage is made simple. Each of these changes within the social scheme of Cuba has brought women up to a new level and shown the men they are capable of doing what needs to be done.

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Sex and marriage within Cuba has always been a rather simple, and uneventful process – despite the literal event. Until Castro’s rule, marriage was only for the fearless, and everyone else just ‘had a good time’ and worked for themselves. From 1959, the number of marriages has doubled – due to the incentives and encouragement put in place by the government. There is no limit put upon children raised within one house and there is no government control over use of contraception. This can be noted as freedom, yet when evaluating statistics, it portrays itself as carelessness. Nearly 60% ...

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