Paris 1919 Summary & Critique

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Angela C. Rosario

Mrs. Paz

IB History of the Americas I (2)

20 March 2009

Americas Paper III: Results of the Mexican Revolution

        The Mexican Revolution was a violent political and social upheaval that occurred in the early 20th century. The revolution began in November 1910 as an effort to overthrow the 30-year dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz. It grew into a widespread rebellion that would eventually change the structure of Mexico's economy, government, and society. The fundamental goals of the revolution were incorporated in the 1917 constitution, although widespread factional fighting continued until 1920. It took almost another two decades for many of the reforms contained in the constitution to be implemented. Regardless, the goals of the revolution--particularly the need for an accountable, democratic government and the right of all Mexicans to enjoy a basic standard of living--had a lasting impact on the nation.

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        The revolution produced major changes in Mexico. The old political elite had been largely swept away, to be replaced by a new revolutionary elite. The revolution set in motion a trend toward political centralization, concentrating power in the national government and particularly in the president. The role of the military in politics was substantially reduced by a series of revolutionary presidents, even though all the presidents who served between 1920 and 1946 had been revolutionary generals. The creation and evolution of an official party solved the recurring crisis over presidential succession that had marked the years from 1910 to 1928; ...

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