Post-war USSR and Germany 1918-1924

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Post-war USSR and Germany 1918-1924

Compare and contrast the economic and political developments in the USSR and Germany 1918-1924

Word Count: 1621

Date due: April 1st, 2008

By: Rasmus Puggaard Hansen

2.u

Birkerød Gymnasium

CONTENTS

Introduction ................................................................................................................  1

Treaty of Versailles.................................................................................................... 1

Occupation of the Ruhr and the Dawes Plan ........................................................... 2

Russia’s economical problems .................................................................................... 2

War Communism and the NEP ................................................................................ 3

As World War One ended in 1918, all of the nations involved had suffered extreme losses. Vast casualties along with economical and political instabilities were facts that had to be dealt with at the end of the war, even for the victories nations. However, the two worst hit were the defeated Germany and the USSR who were forced to pull out of the war. Germany had been in total war in the whole duration of WW1, a state which is not durable in the long term. Following the war, Germany’s economy therefore collapsed, due to the absence from the labour force, as the generations of the youth were killed in the war, and due to the intense war debts that Germany were to pay. The political state of Germany were also hugely affected at the close of the war.

Russia on the other hand, had to pull out of the war in 1917 due to extreme losses at the front and an army that was unwilling to cooperate. Russia were in no state to carry on the war, as they lacked the resources and will to continue, however, they were still technically in war with the central powers. Meanwhile, there were serious problems back in Russia associated with the political system. The Tsar was overthrown and revolution was inevitable. At the end of war, Germany and Russia were the worst hit nations, and they faced tremendous difficulties in the near future.

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Treaty of Versailles

The defeated nation of Germany was left in a serious economic crisis at the end of the war. The victorious nations were looking to exploit Germany for loosing the war, and thus imposed heavy war debts. It is to be noted that Germany were economically exhausted, and were in no condition to repay the vast war debts demanded by the allied powers. The Treaty of Versailles imposed the reparation payments that were viewed as intolerable and impossible by the German people. The USA and Britain were in favour of the treaties, while France wanted Germany to ...

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