To what extent and in what ways did Elvis influence American pop culture? Contents Section A: Plan of Investigation....................................................................................................3 Section B: Summary of Evidence.................................................................................................4 Section C: Evaluation of Sources..................................................................................................6 Section D: Analysis........................................................................................................................8 Section E: Conclusion Section F: List of Sources Appendices A. Plan of Investigation This investigation will seek to answer the question of Elvis Presley's influence on the rise of counterculture in American society starting in the 1950's. This essay will look at the impact Elvis had on society and how his music and stage presence led to such an unprecedented influence on the young generation. During this era, Elvis was quickly becoming a national phenomenon, and began to personify teenage rebellion and newfound teenage sexuality. He forever changed both the world of music and the world of youth culture. To determine the spectrum of Elvis' influence, a range of sources will be analyzed to help answer the scale of his impact. Ranging from magazine stories, to
Aviation at the Start of the First World War At the start of the World War I when Archduke Ferdinand was assassinated on the 28th of June 1914, it was only just over a decade since the Wright brothers first twelve second flight at Kittyhawk. No country was prepared for the use of aircrafts in war or even admitted to have an effective weapon for war. Some countries had experimented with dropping bombs from aircraft, firing guns, and taking off and landing from aircraft carriers, but no country had designed or built aircrafts specifically for the purpose of war. Though limited bombing operations were introduced before 1914, most people thought that aircraft use was limited to reconnaissance or scouting missions. (Century of Flight contributors. 1) An October 1910 editorial in Scientific American unfairly criticized the airplane as a war weapon: "Outside of scouting duties, we are inclined to think that the field of usefulness of the aeroplane will be rather limited. Because of its small carrying capacity, and the necessity for its operating at great altitude, if it is to escape hostile fire, the amount of damage it will do by dropping explosives upon cities, forts, hostile camps, or bodies of troops in the field to say nothing of battleships at sea, will be so limited as to have no material effects on the issues of a campaign...." (Angelucci, Enzo, and Matricardi, Paolo. 2)
To what extent was President Lyndon B. Johnson responsible for the escalation of the war in Vietnam? (1963-1969)
Historical Investigation To what extent was President Lyndon B. Johnson responsible for the escalation of the war in Vietnam? (1963-1969) A. Plan of investigation The particular question this investigation will be addressing is: "To what extent was Johnson solely responsible for escalating the was in Vietnam?" The focus of the sources used in answering this question looks at the policies and documents passed regarding American involvement in the war as well as evidence regarding military strategies and who was responsible for their creation and application. To analyze the true scale of the escalation of the war I will be looking at statistics and reports. Finally, I will address the assumption that the escalation of the war in Vietnam to the extent that it happened was intentional - therefore I will analyze at personal diary entries and memoirs of President Johnson, as well as letters and recorded conversations between him and his advisors, also taking into consideration social and political pressures that may have affected the situation. B. Summary of Evidence - Kennedy's decision to commit in Southeast Asia was rooted in the American pledge to battle and contain communism: and "Vietnam", Kennedy concluded, "is the place to make [America's] power credible"1. - "If freedom is to be saved, we need a whole new kind of strategy, a wholly different kind of force, and a
Bismarck's policies. While when he was Chancellor, Bismarcks main aim will have been to maintain a strong German Empire, eradicating certain opponents within the Empire and keeping peace in Europe. These aims are reflected in his policies between
Bismarck's policies On the 23rd September 1862, Bismarck was appointed Minister president and foreign minister of Prussia under King Wilhelm I. and in 1871 he became the first chancellor of the German Empire. During his time as Minister president Bismarck wanted to create a dominant state of Prussia, which was stronger than Austria and had more influence in the German states. Unifying the German states may only have been a way to achieve this. While when he was Chancellor, Bismarck's main aim will have been to maintain a strong German Empire, eradicating certain opponents within the Empire and keeping peace in Europe. These aims are reflected in his policies between 1862 and 1890. Bismarck's first action when he came into power in 1862, was the Iron & Blood Speech, held to the General assembly to convince them of King Wilhelm's plan of increasing the military budget. Bismarck's aim of convincing the assembly succeeded and through this he manifested his position as minister president and also managed to increase Prussia's military power. The 1867 Zollverein constitution provided for a federal council of customs, the Zollbundesrat, which was comprised of personal representatives of the several rulers and an elected customs parliament Zollparlarment. This was a success for Bismarck because it meant that Prussia gained more influence in the German states through both bodies.
Porfirio Diaz History IB. The year of 1910 saw the 80th birthday of Jos de la Cruz Porfirio Diaz, president of Mexico and its dictator for more than 30 years.
Porfirio Díaz History HL - IB Ivan Camilo Martin - German Gallo The year of 1910 saw the 80th birthday of José de la Cruz Porfirio Diaz, president of Mexico and its dictator for more than 30 years. He was born in Oaxaca, Mexico, from a mestizo blood and humble family. His early years were filled with economic hardship and tragedy, for instance his father died when he was just three years old, leaving the family impoverished and hopeless. Nonetheless, Porfirio Diaz' mother named Petrona Mori, constantly struggling to raise 8 children on her own, recognized the importance of any kind of education and enrolled Porfirio in a seminary. He was educated for the Catholic Church, a body having immense influence in the country at the time and ordering and controlling revolutions by the strength given by their filled coffers. However, Porfirio Diaz' destiny lay in the world of temporal affairs. He switched his studies from the priesthood to law in the Institute of Science and Art. Known to be a diligent student, he was influenced and inspired by a remarkable figure in the Mexican society and one of his tutors named Benito Juarez, future president and beloved hero. Juarez' commitment to social justice developed Diaz' early allegiance to the ideals of liberalism. Mexico was facing external threats and internal challenges during the second half of the 19th century. The
The Unification of Germany and Bismarck Germany was unified on January the 18th, 1871, by Otto Von Bismarck, the Chief Minister. There are many events and people that needs to be considered when discussing the unification of Germany, however, Bismarck was a man of action and essentially, he managed to a number of independent German states into one nation, and so created the German Empire from which all the states bearing the name of Germany descend from. Historians worldwide have discussed the role of Bismarck for a long time, whether he was just taking advantage of skilful diplomacy and clever manipulation of situations that presented themselves to him between 1862 and 1871 This essay will focus on the unification of Germany from Bismarck's point of view, as there is quite a lot of debate around whether he had a master plan to unify Germany of if it was luck that made it happen, or that his aims were simply to expand Prussia. Bismarck was a man who had a very clear vision of unifying the German states into one strong nation, however, many different developments took place during and before Bismarck that eventually would change the situation without the influence of Bismarck himself. This can be seen by the fact that German nationalism grew at a very fast rate during the 18th and 19th century. The millions of Germans that lived in the various states started to feel that
Introduction World War I was a conflict which began in Central Europe in August 1914, involving all of Europe's Great Powers comprising of mainly two opposing alliances: The Triple Alliance (Italy, France, Austria-Hungary and Germany) and the Triple Entente (France, Great Britain, Russia). The causes of World War I, which have been disputed by historians ever since the crisis started, can be traced back four decades to 1870 up until the war started in 1914. The fundamental cause of World War I was the sweeping increase of nationalism in Europe at the time, with militarism being a close second, and lastly imperialism, which also proved to be a prevalent cause of the war, just not as significant as the other two. There were other factors, which contributed to the outbreak of World War I, such as the alliance systems between European powers before the war started, but they were just not as indispensable. A fundamental cause of World War I was the spread of nationalism, which eventually lead to the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, which was essentially the catalyst of World War I. There were two kinds of nationalism in 19th Century Europe: The first kind was people's desire for independence, and the second was the desire for dominance and prestige for independent nations. The first kind led to conflict in the Balkans which eventually got other powers involved and resulted in
Domestic Policies Stalin The ruthless despots of the 20th Century were generally not only brutal but also set a totalitarian system. It is disputable whether the USSR under Joseph Stalin was also totalitarian. Joseph Stalin who succeeded Vladimir Lenin as the single-party leader of the USSR introduced a great deal of domestic policies. It is debatable to which extent these policies shifted the USSR into a totalitarian state. Stalin's economic reforms began with the "Great Turn" which marks the change from the "New economic Policy "NEP" to the five year plans. Stalin took this step and launched the "First Five Year Plan" in order to industrialise quicker and move away from the capitalist ideas of the NEP. The "First Five Year Plan" was officially taken into action in 1929 although inofficially it began in 1928. During the first five year plan Stalin ended the NEP and introduced collectivisation, by September 1928 the USSR was under total collectivisation with about 25 milliion peasents in 200,000 kolkhozi and hundred of thousands in paid sovkhozi. By doing this he planned to broaden the communist party`s influence, finance industrialisation, organise farms and bring the main industry in the USSR under state control. Through collectivisation Stalin's control over his people increased as he now had nearly complete control over the peasants who made up 80% of the population.
Velyana Borisova Paper 1: The USSR under Stalin, 1924 to 1941 . a) What do the statistics in Source E on the consumption of foodstuffs and the numbers of livestock, suggest about the lives of peasants between 1928 and 1932? From the statistics in source E it can be seen that the consumption of all main foodstuff as bread, potatoes, meat and butter decreases significantly between 1928 and 1932. The fall in the consumption of all food goods foreshadows that the life of the peasants worsen, they have less for eating which lowers their standards of living. They are required to work intensively for the collectivisation plan but at the same time are consuming less food which suggest bad conditions of living as famine and often death cases due to hunger. The most serious decrease is in the consumption of meat and lard which in 1932 is less than half of the amount in 1928. This fall can be explained by the decrease in the numbers of livestock from 1928 till 1932. When there is less livestock this means that the peasants will consume less meat because there will be less animals to slaughter. Also because they are owned by the state the peasants will not be allowed to kill them for meat so freely. The decrease in livestock suggests decrease in milk, cheese and butter which are essential products and their lack causes bad quality of life for the peasants. b) What do the percentages
WHY DID WAR TIME FRIENDS BECOME COLD WAR ENEMIES? DANIEL ROJAS As soon as WWII broke up, winning powers, especially the USA and the USSR, began a period of hostility between each other. This period of disagreement extended up until the 1980's, and became known as the Cold War, mainly because no actual fighting occurred between the two superpowers, despite the dangerous tensions growing between them. The development of the Cold War can be attributed to a series of events between the end of World War II and 1949, each event having a certain degree of importance within what is regarded as the causes of this period of 'passive' hostility, although none of these events stands out as a crucial point in the initiation of the Cold War. To begin with, historians have formulated different views and explanations for the occurrence of the Cold War: Some agree that the USSR was to blame. Stalin planned communist spread throughout the world and the takeover of Eastern Europe was an example of this. Others agree that the USA was to take the blame. Such historians support their view by stating that Soviet actions were merely defensive; that the USA wanted to control its area of influence, but refused to allow the Soviet Union to do the same. Finally, there is also the view that neither of the superpowers was to be blamed; that the Cold War was based on misunderstanding, a fore beyond the