In order for the entire plot to take place, the fact that the boys are stuck on a stranded island with no adults or civilization is extremely important. Lord of the Flies is set on a deserted island during a war. The schoolboys were being flown out to safety because of the war, but they crash-landed onto this unknown island. Each part of the island holds a significant importance in the development of the novel. The boys used the mountain as the place for the signal fire, the beach for building houses, the platform for holding assemblies and the lagoon for swimming. Also the peaceful meadow where Simon encounters the Lord of the Flies is very important. This is the spot where Simon realizes that the Beast is nonexistent, but in its place is the evil that resides in all humans.
Evil in humans is one of the very important themes that Golding covers in the Lord of the Flies. ‘Civilization vs. Savagery’ is symbolized through the two main characters; Ralph, who is the protagonist and symbolizes order and leadership and Jack, who is the antagonist and symbolizes savagery and the desire for power. Civilization is related with good and savagery is related with evil. The other theme that Golding writes about is the ‘Loss of Innocence’. The boys in the beginning were orderly children with well manners, but then slowly evolved into cruel, savage hunters. Their loss of innocence is due to the natural evil that is always existent in every human being.
I believe that the theme ‘Civilization vs. Savagery’ that Golding writes about is indeed very true. It may not be to the same extent of blood-thirsty, violent hunters, but savagery does exist in other forms. From selfish, everyday people to the desirers of money and power, evil exists in every single person. In reality, there are people out in the world that long for power and such, while there are law-followers who try to live a good and truthful life.
Lord of the Flies is an allegorical novel based on the conflict between civilization and savagery. It shows that civilization can moderate the instinctive evil in all humans, but it can never completely get rid of it. Even at the height of civilization, there will always be power-seeking people wanting more. So was the Beast real in the Lord of the Flies? Yes, I believe in some ways that it was.