Methods Of Motivation I Use To Excel In A College Program
by priyanka1727 (student)
28/10/12 10:02 PM METHODS OF MOTIVATION TO EXCEL IN COLLEGEMethods Of Motivation I Use To Excel In A College ProgramPRIYANKA SAXENAJAMES COOK UNIVERSITYWe face so many inducements everyday in our lives and generate a large number of behaviors. So to learn to ignore irrelevant information and overpower inappropriate behavior in order to function in a complex environment we need Motivation. The word motivation is common in everyday language, but is not easy to deﬁne. The concept of motivation is related to, but distinct from other concepts, such as instincts, drives, and reﬂexes. It is known as the internal force that produces actions on the basis of the momentary balance between our needs and the demands of our environment. Motivation is derived from the Latin word “movere.” It is a phenomenon involved in a person’s drives and goal-seeking behavior; the feature that encourages an individual to action towards a desired ambition, occasions, and sustains certain goal directed behaviors. It is an impulse that causes a person to influence human behavior in such a way that it helps pursue particular goals because they are valued. It is one of the most important keys to success.Motivation acts as a pushing tool towards performing actions and achieving. It is present whenever there is a clear vision, precise knowledge of what one wants to do, a strong desire and faith in one’s abilities. Motivation is concerned with why people act or do things they do or why they refrain from doing things they do not want to do. To be motivated means to be moved to do something. A person who feels no inspiration to act is thus characterized as unmotivated, whereas someone who is energized or activated toward an end is considered motivated. It is the degree to which an individual wants and choose to engage in certain behaviors. It strengthens the ambition, increases initiative and gives direction, courage, energy
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and persistence to follow one’s goals.it plays an important role in making your vision a reality. It results from the interactions among conscious and unconscious factors such as choice, desire to learn, intensity of desire or need, incentive value of the goal, and expectations of the individual and of his or her significant others. Motivation is a necessary tool in student learning process. Motivation in education can have several effects on how students learn and how they behave towards subject matter. It directs a student’s behavior towards a particular goal, it helps a student lead towards increased effort and energy, enhances cognitive processing, determines what consequences are reinforcing, leads to improved performance. Since students are not always internally motivated, they sometimes need situated motivation, which is found in environmental conditions that the teacher creates. If teachers decided to extrinsically reward productive student behaviors, they may find it difficult to extricate them from that path. The use of rewards may either encourage or diminish motivation, depending on the type of rewards and the context in which they are given. Motivation also helps in decision-making process through which a student chooses the desired outcomes and sets in motion the behavior appropriate to them. Motivation is having the encouragement to do something and it determines why, whether, and how we work. When you have no motivation to study, it can be hard to get the grades you need to accomplish your educational goals. Most students, believe it or not, are capable of doing very well in school despite what their current grades are showing. Most of the time, it’s not the lack of ability to learn the material but the lack of interest and motivation to put in the effort to actually do well. If you are the teacher, it’s important that you do what you can to teach the material in a way that will interest the students. Even something as boring as history can be taught in a stimulating way.When students have classes with a motivated and energetic teacher their participation in the lesson increases automatically. As a role model such a motivated teacher help the students to use their full potential to achieve their aims. Also, according to the researches in this area, it is a fact that extra curriculum activities are useful factors to motivate the students. The activities enable effective communication opportunities for all the participants: teachers, students, parents, and administrators. Such alternative activities extend basic concepts and allow students to connect their personal interests to the course curriculum. Educators must be steady about the motivation of students because it is the motivation that determines the direction of student’s behavior. For many indigenous students, motivation may be derived from social organization. Community-based learning strategies often provide a more structurally supportive environment for motivating indigenous children, who tend to be driven by “social/affective emphasis, harmony, holistic perspectives, expressive creativity, and nonverbal communication.” Some also believe motivation is the assertion of a value rather than discharge of energy. It is the willingness to exert high levels of effort towards organizational goals. It is conditioned by the effort’s ability to satisfy some individual needs. In order to keep oneself motivated one should set a goal. If you have a major goal, it would be a good idea if you split it into several minor goals, each small goal leading to your major goal. In this way, you will find it easier to motivate yourself, as you will not feel overwhelmed by the size of your goal and the things you have to do, and the goal would seem more feasible and easier to accomplish. Goals can be realistic, believable, desirable and measurable. They act as the motivational checkpoints.Motivation is categorized as Intrinsic and Extrinsic. Intrinsic motivation is animated by personal enjoyment, interest, or pleasure. It occurs when people are internally motivated to do something because it either brings them pleasure, they think it is important, or they feel that what they are learning is significant. It has been shown that intrinsic motivation for education drops from grades 3-9 though the exact cause cannot be ascertained. Also in younger students it has been shown that contextualizing material that would otherwise be presented in an abstract manner increases the intrinsic motivation of these students.Whereas extrinsic motivation is governed by reinforcement contingencies. It comes into play when a student is compelled to do something or act a certain way because of factors external to him or her (like money or good grades).Motivation involves a constellation of closely related beliefs, perceptions, values, interests, and actions. Traditionally, educators consider intrinsic motivation to be more desirable and to result in better learning outcomes than extrinsic motivation. In general, children appear to enter school with high levels of intrinsic motivation, although motivation tends to decline as children progress through school. Students with high intrinsic motivation attribute performance to personal control and that their error-monitoring system is more strongly engaged by performance errors. When intrinsically motivated a person is moved to act for the fun or challenge entailed rather than because of external prods, pressures, or rewards. For example, a student who does his homework only because he fears parental sanctions for not doing it is extrinsically motivated because he is doing the work in order to attain the separable outcome of avoiding sanctions.Yet, even brief reflection suggests that motivation is hardly a unitary phenomenon. People have not only different amounts, but also different kinds of motivation based on their attitudes. That is, they vary not only in level of motivation, but also in the orientation of that motivation. There’s no question about the importance of motivation and how it plays a part in all areas of our lives. We all have dreams and goals that we want to see become a reality. If you had a never-ending stream of motivation, you can literally do anything. The problem is that most people will never put in the effort that is needed to live an extraordinary life because it’s easier to do nothing than to do something. Go do something! Compare a student who lacks motivation and who hardly studies, to a student who is highly motivated, and who devotes many hours to his studies; they will get absolutely different grades. In conclusion I would like to say possession of motivation is a sign of strong desire, energy and enthusiasm, and the willingness to do whatever it takes to achieve what one sets out to do. A motivated person is a happier person, more energetic, and sees the positive end result in his/her mind. Understand that finishing what you start is important. Hammer into your mind that whatever you start you have to finish. Develop the habit of going to the finish line. Socialize with achievers and people with similar interests or goals, since motivation and positive attitude are contagious. Associate with motivated people, who share your interests. Never procrastinate anything. Procrastination leads to laziness, and laziness leads to lack of motivation. Persistence, patience and not giving up despite failure and difficulties keep up the motivation to succeed. Read about the subjects of your interest. This will keep your enthusiasm and ambition alive. Constantly affirm to yourself that you can and will succeed. Visualize your goals with happiness and joy. Remember, if a certain goal is really important, you need motivation to keep you going.