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International Baccalaureate: Misc

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  1. ITGS portfolio Loss of employment and privacy issues regarding the rise of online grocery shopping Area of Impact: 3.1 Business and employment

    As for Amazon, it started out with Jeff Bezos in 1995 selling books online. As time passes, Amazon has built up from a small online book store to one of the largest online retailers in the world, selling a large variety of products. Online grocery shopping was invented to improve the lives of families and individuals who are either too busy or are unable to go shopping for groceries. Not only can it provide convenience, but it can also help maintain a healthy lifestyle and help maintain a moderate budget for groceries.

    • Word count: 4745
  2. ITGS portfolio Privacy and security issues that arise when using Health Information Technology to manage your information.

    With more efficiency and convenience, HIT was founded a decade ago and the amount of users for this form of technology has increased greatly since. This online database program was created to make access to one's health information easier for not only the client, but also to doctors and different organizations. It can also help doctors better understand the patient's medical needs by putting all of the client's health information into an analysis and figuring out patterns from results from various doctors, hospitals or specialists.

    • Word count: 4388
  3. ITGS Extended Essay

    They are also used in crime branch as it helps in recognition and it is hard to mimic it. Many of these devices like the retina scanner are expensive but at the same time they are accurate. Many of these devices are uncomfortable for the users. The retina/iris scanner becomes a problem for some users, as it requires looking directly into infrared light. The voice and signature recognition are not so reliable and accurate. They are considered to be less secure. The hand, face and fingerprint are user friendly and are accurate enough. These devices are majorly used in computers and in laptops, for a method of authentication to replace it with the passwords.

    • Word count: 4577
  4. Comparing and Contrasting Envy and Deception in Shakespeares Much Ado About Nothing and Othello

    The enviousness of Don John can possibly be seen with Iago in Othello for he has a hatred of Othello that remains unexplained till the very end of the play. One argument that supports the theory that Iago is jealous of Othello is perhaps the fact that the "valiant" Othello has garnered such unearned respect. If we look at Act Two Scene One when Othello has been sent to Cyprus to battle the Turks, we learn from Cassio that the Turks have possibly drowned in a storm thus meaning that they were not defeated at the hands of the Venetians.

    • Word count: 3814
  5. Oral Sur La Maternite

    avaient transforme ma m�re "...mais ce bonheur fut de courte durais, Abena fut pendu...La r�p�titions a la page 20-21 " On pendit ma m�re " d�montre le chagrin que tituba ressent a la perte de sa m�re. Nous voyons, plus loin dans le livre, les vrai sentiments d'Abena envers sa fille, � la page 52 " Vent et effronterie ! Ce negre n'est que vent et effronterie ! " Qui montre qu'elle ne veut pas que sa fille s'en voit en l'air avec John Indien.

    • Word count: 3508
  6. Communicating with children

    He has speech problems comparing his age. I used puppets with him, because puppets help children talk and listen. Also, puppets help children because children who are not comfortable talking in front of others can use the puppet to talk for them. I played with him by using telephone toy too. This encourages him to speak and talk. He says "Hello", "bye mummy". Therefore this is the beginning of having real conversations as he grows older. Also I tried to include him when the other children are playing role-play. Role-play enables children to practice their communication and language skills and during the role play, sometimes I also joined in to extend learning.

    • Word count: 3432
  7. Infant feeding

    Don't touch your areola (the dark skin around your n****e). This is where your baby's lips will be. Then touch the baby's lips with your n****e until your baby opens his or her mouth very wide. Put your n****e all the way in your baby's mouth and pull your baby's body close to you. This lets your baby's jaw squeeze the milk ducts under your areola. When your baby is "latched on" the right way, both lips should pout out (not be pulled in over his or her gums) and cover nearly all of the areola. Instead of smacking noises, your baby will make low-pitched swallowing noises.

    • Word count: 7209
  8. According to the standards within the Ln Yu, has the Confucian gentleman survived to present time?

    The present is then inquired with interviews of current day society, resulting in the presence of the Confucian Gentleman, though different in form and thought, despite all the time, having each era concur with its existence, the idea of the "Gentleman" lives on. Introduction Since the beginning of time "man" has always been the dominant figure in all of history. It is "man" who rules, wages war, and works hard to someday attain peace, honor and pride as well as any other thing that is considered a necessity of life.

    • Word count: 4786
  9. The Effect on Music in the Christian Church

    Music is everywhere and is pertinent to any program at anytime. It has a profound effect on human minds and body. Music is beneficial to the learning environment and help calm individuals by changing and improving their ability to reason. In this paper, we will highlight by discussing how music has an effect on worship service. Is it a negative effect, or positive effect? We will discuss trained musicians vs. untrained musicians and their playing abilities of Amazing Grace. What is Church music? According to William C. Hunter, church music has the evangelical purpose of attracting human emotions.

    • Word count: 4213
  10. A comparison and analysis of the speed and efficiency between Microsofts Windows XP and Apples Macintosh OS X Tiger: which operating system performs faster and efficiently, under certain common features that users need?

    Chapter 3: CD Burning speed.........................................................................................................11 3.1: General Information 3.2: CD Burning test 3.3: How user-friendly are the results Chapter 4: Printing speed................................................................................................................14 4.1: General Information 4.2: The printing test 4.3: How user-friendly are the results? Chapter 6: Internet Explorer vs. Safari..........................................................................................16 6.1: General Information 6.2: Internet Explorer 6 vs. Safari 2 6.3: Which browsers should users have? Chapter 7: Recommendations........................................................................................................18 6.1: Windows XP 6.2: Macintosh OS X Tiger Conclusion.........................................................................................................................................21 Bibliography......................................................................................................................................22 Introduction This extended essay is under the section of Information Technology in a Global Society (ITGS), which is a certified topic under the International Baccalaureate (IB).

    • Word count: 5816
  11. Effect of Light intensity on the Anaerobic Respiration of Pygmy Chain Sword

    This is because the process of photosynthesis needs light to convert carbon dioxide into organic compounds such as sugar and starch and oxygen is reduced as a waste product. With less light, less organic compounds are formed, and less oxygen is produced and released as a waste gas. Introduction: As my research question is about the effect of decreasing light intensity on the photosynthesis rate of Echinodorus tenellus within a twenty four hour time period, it is important to look into what the process of photosynthesis is and the factors which control it, and the relevance of this process into all different aspects of our lives.

    • Word count: 8396
  12. E-Commerce and Fraud

    Fraud from outside an organization can be perpetrated by consumers, hackers, or others who may pose as someone who they are not. This may include illegitimate vendors, organizations, or individuals, as well as consumers impersonating someone whom they have stolen identity from. As mentioned before, fraud in e-commerce has become such a great concern largely because of the inability to verify the identity and location of those who are dealing with each other, as well as security risks that may be not be recognized.

    • Word count: 3128
  13. Extended Essay: How do different Flavours, Storage Times affect the Effectiveness of Crisps as a Fuel?

    It is distinct from other forms of fuel, in that when plants are grown to produce fuels, excess atmospheric carbon dioxide is absorbed in the process (Lehman); Godwin even reports a 75% reduction in greenhouse gases from this phenomena. In addition, a by product of bio fuel, glycerine, is a useful for making biscuits, confectionary products, toothpaste, soap, cosmetics and for some pharmaceuticals such as cough medicine (Godwin). Hien also paraphrases from Ginies, the managing director of the Ouagadougo-based International Institute for Water and Environment Engineering, that "biofuel byproducts could serve as livestock feed or fertiliser for food crops" and

    • Word count: 5743
  14. Personal Project

    Lastly I utilized Health and Social Education to explore nutrition and wellness. I want to endorse a healthy lifestyle, one I have failed to achieve. Through my Personal Project I hope to correct my wrongs, and to help others from making the same mistakes. Also, athletics is more than ability, but proper personal upkeep. I want my magazine to have a focus on that. So, using the MYP Areas of Interaction, and my commitment to achievement, my greatest goal is completion with the most gain attainable. Process Receiving the Personal Project, I felt inundated with work, but as I developed a plan and immersed myself into it, my interest drove and devoted me through one of the most invigorating experiences.

    • Word count: 4149
  15. Free essay

    Catalytic behaviour during Artificial Photosynthesis

    As we can see, this process also consumes CO2, the suspected cause of global climate change and releases oxygen. Therefore artificial photosynthesis is emerging as a theoretical solution for both of these problems. However, photosynthesis is not a simple process. The chemical reaction which forms C6H12O6 (glucose) is uphill, meaning it requires energy to drive the reaction. On top of this, the reaction requires a constant stream of electrons and protons. Water is among the most abundant compounds on our planet and was therefore chosen as the source of these subatomic particles. The photolysis of water can be represented by the half equation: 2H2O (l)

    • Word count: 4033
  16. Modelling and Simulations

    It probably never occurred to most people at the time that this fact was in doubt. Unfortunately this was an assumption that had practical repercussions for most of us. Magicians deliberately make use of people's assumptions to make their tricks impressive. One of the most impressive tricks is when a magician asks to see someone's watch, holds it up by the strap, and announces "it now says the correct time, 8:10 PM", and then hands it back to the owner.

    • Word count: 5153
  17. Software Fundamentals

    One example of this is in the popular online game Runescape, where many players have cancelled their accounts due to the company's lack of response to bugs in the game. What solutions can overcome the problem? A solution to this problem is introducing more effective beta testing programs for programs that are nearing release. This will help to remove bugs while the software is still in beta, thus allowing for a better product to be sold on the launch date.

    • Word count: 5882
  18. Elements and Principles of Art & Design

    Could you bake the cake without knowing of the ingredients or understanding the method? Unlikely...Guesswork and luck can be minimized and replaced by certainty if knowledge is gained. True creativity, where individual choices are made, comes from a confident appreciation of the basics. THE ELEMENTS of Art & Design are as follows; 1. Colour 2. Line 3. Texture 4. Value 5. Shape 6. Form 7. Space THE PRINCIPLES of Art & Design are as follows; 1. Balance 2. Emphasis 3. Unity 4. Contrast 5. Pattern 6. Movement 7. Rhythm Each of these is detailed overleaf......

    • Word count: 4468
  19. Music revision note

    Drone A drone is usually formed by two notes a 5th apart. For example, the notes C and G are a 5th apart. Bagpipes always create a drone sound as an accompaniment, but drones can also be heard in early music and music from other cultures. A capella A capella music is always for voices. It describes vocal music that has no instrumental accompaniment. A capella music can be polyphonic, homophonic or unison - so you might see a piece of music described as 'homophonic a capella' or 'polyphonic a capella'.

    • Word count: 6960

    Essentials of a contract of sale :- * Parties - The buyer & the seller who must be competent to contract. * Goods - The contract must be in respect of the sale of goods. * Transfer of ownership - There must be a transfer of ownership from the seller to the buyer i.e. the buyer becomes the owner of the goods after sale. * Consideration - Consideration of a contract of sale is always in terms of money. * Form - For a contract of sale there is no particular form prescribed. It can be in writing OR oral.

    • Word count: 3407
  21. Community Health

    [Health is the extent to which an individual or group is able] to realise aspirations, to satisfy needs and to change or cope with the environment. Health is, therefore, seen as a resource of everyday life, not the object of living. Health is a positive concept emphasising social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities. (WHO, 1986) The World Health Organisation defined health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (WHO, 1946).

    • Word count: 9533
  22. The History & Development of Reflexology

    The Jewish tradition of washing the feet and anointing them with oil was believed to have significant medicinal purpose, as well as their traditional teachings related to humility and being of service. The Native American Indians also separately developed techniques, which were based on very similar principles. Throughout the 16th Century several books were written on Zone Therapy, the most famous being Dr Adamus and Dr A'tatis, and another a little later by Dr Ball in Leipzig. In 1834 Heinrik Link, the man who lead the way for Swedish massage in modern society, noticed that pains in particular organs were

    • Word count: 4316
  23. Online Games and Addiction

    Many people that are actively involved in these games suffer from low self-esteem or poor self-image problems. For some, it would be a relief to be able to show others a better image of how they see themselves, for example, an avatar. With an avatar, players can create their own character, or base the appearance after themselves.1 Players with low self-esteem can hide behind these representations of themselves and talk to others more easily than they could face-to-face. The only way for two players to get to know one another when online is through instant online communication, or through digital voice communication, making it significantly easier for players with poor self-image to make friends and join social networks.

    • Word count: 4320
  24. Photography EE

    Because of parallax a normal camerarange-finder camera would not be able to take a picture of a subject close in, even though this has changed with most digital cameras because of the LCD screen, but the camera would have to have a certain lens to capture that particular image, and making the SLR more favorable, because of it's ability to change lenses, and to have a direct view of an object. The basics in all digital cameras are a shutter, an aperture, the sensor CCD/CMOS, and the lens.

    • Word count: 3884

The IB Diploma Programme is a demanding and robust programme of education which students follow at the ages of 16-19. The DP has been recognised as being a strong qualification by universities across the globe, and by leading employers. The DP ensures that students: develop their intellect with due ethical consideration, acquire a breadth of knowledge by studying subjects from 6 subject groups (unlike Advanced level where students generally choose three subjects), and undertake in-depth research into an area of personal interest.

The actual subjects studied include a choice of language, anadditional language, a social science, an experimental science and mathematics. In addition to this students then choose an either arts subject or can choose a second subject form the original 5 groups. Three core elements are also required: that extended essay, completion of the Theory of Knowledge course and Creativity, Action and Service (CAS), which is a range of activities which run alongside the academic programme. Assessment is completed by both internal means and by external examination. Each course is marked and students awarded a score between 1 (the lowest), to 7 (the highest). The diploma is awarded to students who achieve a score of at least 24 points.


The International Baccalaureate (IB) Diploma, a widely accepted pre-university qualification, was developed in the 1960s as an educational standard for a globalising world. If you want to attend university in another country, or you just want to infuse your education with an international perspective, then the IB diploma could be a good option for you.

Excellent writing skills will be indispensable here: each course is partly assessed on written work, and students are required to submit an extended essay as well. To support you in all your writing endeavours, Marked by Teachers has amassed a collection of student-submitted IB essays covering everything fromthe group 4 projects to world literature. Study the teacher-marked and peer-reviewed examples to learn how to edit your own essays, and produce highly polished work.

After leaving school, you'll have the chance to attend university in another country if you wish; today, the IB diploma is recognised by over 2,000 institutions around the world. But even if you stay at home, you'll be well prepared to build a career in today's globalised economy.


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