Explain the functions of two hormones on human behavior. Oxytocin and Adrenaline.

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Using one or more examples, explain the functions of two hormones on human behavior.

Hormones are chemicals within the human body that influence emotional or physical behavior. They are produced by the glands in the endocrine system. When required, they are released in the bloodstream, which then reaches cells of the required tissue and the cells respond to it. The relationship between hormones and behavior is bi-directional, meaning that hormones can affect behavior, but the way we behave can also release hormones. Hence, hormones are also often called chemical messengers. The reaction to a hormone may not always be immediate, but every hormone does affect the human body in short or long term if released. The two hormones that are discussed here are: Oxytocin and Melatonin, both of which may affect the human behavior.

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Oxytocin is a hormone produced in the hypothalamus (a region of the brain that links the nervous system to the endocrine system via the pituitary gland). It is released either directly into the blood via the pituitary gland, or to other parts of the brain and spinal cord. Oxytocin is often called the ‘love hormone’.  It is known to increase feelings of generosity, relaxation, and facilitates relationship formation and positive communication. It was first acknowledged in 1900s, researchers recognized that it is released during breastfeeding which triggered certain emotional feelings in women. It was concluded that Oxytocin was related to social ...

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