OUT OF BODY EXPERIENCES PSYCHOLOGY HL EXTENDED ESSAY
Out of Body Experiences:
Exploring the Controversy of how they are Induced, and to what extent do they exist
IB Extended Essay
2 October 2012
Word Count: ?????
Out of Body Experiences have been a controversial topic, over the years to the extent of two questions. Do they exist? And how are they caused? Commonly out of body experiences are practices practiced by those one would call “hippies”. However statistics show 1out of 10 people have had an out of body experience (obe) in there life time, in a response experiences where human brain function is compromised ie: hallucination’s from drug abuse, and brain disorders such as epilepsy. OBE have also been reported in cases of physical abuse, as well as near death, and traumatic experiences. Though there are many experienced accounts of people experiencing out of body experiences there has not been a solid scientific proven experiment that allots results that confirm the existence of out of body experience, and whether or whether not they can be self induced. This information formulates questions concerning , to what extent do out of body experiences exist, and how OBE’s be induced?
The scope of my investigation through finding the answers to my provided questions , will explore, what an OBE experience is, as well as when they will occur. show multiple accounts and testimonies, from those who claim they have experienced an OBE as well as laboratory scientific experiments of attempts to induce out of body experiences on patients. Although scientist have formed their personal opinion about Out of body experiences as well as positions derived from their own experiments, In this investigation I will take into account all yielded results from experiments ,scientific opinions, and theories, as well as personal accounts of experience , positives and negatives, will be evaluated.
In conclusion my investigation will bring data together from multiple different sources as well as opinion of my own to create and support a strong position, that aims towards the existence of OBE, thus exploring and answering the research question.
Out of Body Experiences have been controversial topic for some years now. Questions have been discuss of; do they exist? and if they exist , how can they be induced? From hippies, to scientists ,opinions vary on different procedures, and methods to Induce an Out of Body Experience (OBE). Since there’s so many different opinions on the mysteries of (OBE) I found it most necessary to break the essay up into to 2 different POV. One expressing the “hippy” point of view of OBE to a more “scientific” way of viewing. A hippy is a person whose behavior, dress, use of drugs, etc, implied a rejection of conventional values (). The scientific way of viewing OBE, is derived through the scientific method ;a method of research in which a problem is identified, relevant data are gathered, a hypothesis is formulated from these data, and the hypothesis is empirically tested (). This method yields facts, and theories and is more respected because it can by supported by data and test, rather than just personal experience, or claims. This essay is going to explain two different POV one from the POV of hippies(pr others or those who to recreationally induce OBE), and the other from the POV of scientist( using the scientific method). This includes in the POV information on what OBE are, and how they are perceived as by each POV, as well as methods to how, (if possible) can an OBE experience be induced.
This is a preview of the whole essay
RECREATIONAL PRACTICEOF OBE
The recreational practice by OBE is referred to those who try to self induce Out of Body experiences in this essay. In this POV participants practice the belief instead of trying to prove it. What is an Out of Body experience? OBE are experiences where a person leaves his/her body and observes the world from a different POV one, outside of normal view () . those who attempt to self induce OBE are participating in a practice known as astral projection. Astral projection is the act of separating the astral body (spirit or consciousness) from the physical body and its journey into the universe( ) . Ever man has an astral body and a physical body. Your astral body takes the shape of your physical body because they are aligned with each other. When you separate your astral body from your physical body, you are thus inducing an out of body experience. This is not to be confused with a dream, its understood that in some dreams people feel like they are themselves, and occurrences, in these dreams really happen, however in astral projection, you maintain a streamline of consciousness. As in you can think just as freely as you do while not projecting. Your in control of your sense, the only change is that your astral body is separated from your physical. ()
One would ask how can you induce astral project, (this out of body experience)? These occurrences don’t happen simply by going to sleep. There are 4 ways you can induce an OBE (astral projection the OBE that is done on purpose), unconscious, conscious, spontaneous and voluntary (). 1st the most common of the four are spontaneous projections. These are the most common and where most reports come back from saying that he/she has had an OBE. During spontaneous astral projection the person does not know why /when it is going too, occur because it occurs in response to an event. Multiple stories have shown that OBE’s happen when the body is under most trauma. For example a common story is when a patient is getting an operation, and they find themselves floating above the emergency room table watching the doctors operate. Another common story is when a person is beaten, some say that they have come out of their body to not feel the pain of the beating. High stress situations, where your body needs peace, for example From:
Story type: Out of Body Experience
Source: Form Submission
Date submitted: Mon Feb 6 01:48:56 2012
".....I will scream." That was my last thought before IT happened.
Earlier that morning my husband had thrown a punch at me that narrowly missed, putting a hole in the wall. I had just found out that he had an addiction to gambling that had cost him his job, our savings and he had run us into debt and nearly lost our home. In a frightening rage he pushed and shoved me as he swung at me.
For two weeks I had been staying at the hospital with my 2yr. old grandson, who was near death. My daughter and I took turns going in to intensive care to help as little as we could. Then, I had to return home and to work. That Sunday is when all my husbands secrets and lies came to a head. I knew my marriage was in big trouble. I was drowning in sadness.
As I narrowly avoided another punch, I grabbed my purse and hurried to work, hastily wiping away tears. It was my job as receptionist at a private high school to greet and assist parents and visitors. But, this day I simply thought "If I have to smile one more time...I will scream."
At that moment I felt a magnetic pull and my 'energy' left my body. I am weightless and happy, no pain, peace and love is what I have become. I look down and see the lady sitting at the desk, she is far away. I relate to her with gratitude, and the kind of love and affection one would have for a splendid coat that protected you from the affects of life. But, now I no longer needed it's covering. I didn't really think of her as me, but as something that had shielded me for a long time.
I looked around me and saw floating, wavering images, and I felt a lovely peacefulness (later I could only describe it like floating underwater, where all is quiet and there's no heavy bodily weight). It was dark but I could see clearly, and I felt love, happiness, and carefree joy. I knew the answer to things I didn't even know to ask about. And all the answers were true and good.
Then WHAM! that quickly I had returned to my body. A co-worker passing my desk stopped suddenly and said, "What's wrong you look as white as a ghost!" In a shaky voice I asked her to take my desk. I rushed to the ladies room thinking is this what a nervous break-down is like?
Tears of fear ran freely down my face. I needed help. My supervisor, who was also the campus minister, let me cry as I explained what had happened. He gently told me that I had had an out of body experience. He said "It's likely that your soul, knowing your need for peace, absented your body. You have been truly blessed."
That was the first time I had ever heard of OOBE. This all happened seventeen years ago, and I remember it as clearly as if it just took place. My soul is eager to return, when it is time, to that amazing heavenly place. () . This is an example of a spontaneous projection, and there are many more situations as mentioned earlier. From research through multiple testimonies, I find it safe to say that spontaneous OBE’s can be considered your bodies, defense mechanisms to high trauma.
The next is Voluntary projections. Voluntary projections are significantly more difficult than, involuntary projections mainly because you have to maintain consciousness. This brings us back to a part of our research question. How are they induced? There are multiple different practices of inducing an OBE through astral projection but they all begin with meditation. A person must obtain a constant stream of consciousness, and to achieve this you must practice mediation. After reviewing many I have created this procedure of astral projecting your self.
Step 1 RELAX – in this step you must meditate and relax your physical body.
Step 2 FOCUS – find a point in your mind that you need to reach. Focus all your attention on it thus eliminating spontaneous thoughts, and push toward consciously moving yourself to that position.
Step 3 VIBRATIONS- this is an indicator that you are separating from your physical body. When you begin to feel the vibrations its important to keep your focus on the focus point you made for yourself and ignore them. Doing this will thus move you out of your physical body.
Step 4 CONGRADUALTIONS- you have induced a OBE just continue to be relax and don’t be scared, because fear will jolt you back inside your physical body. (http://psychicaware.hubpages.com/hub/How-to-Astral-P)
When you astral project yourself how do you feel? When you astral project yourself 9 a self induced OBE) so take on a spiritual form. Your consciousness is linked too your physical body by a silver cord. The silver cord is said to represent life, your connection of your spiritual body to your physical body. In this spiritual form you can float, fly and visit other spiritual beings while located on the astral plane (). It is described as a wonderful experience that contains vast potential. The more you practice astral projection the better you get , the farther you can go, the more you will see.( http://www.world-of-lucid-dreaming.com/astral-projection.html).
The Science behind OBE
As you can see from the above research astral projection as recreation is a highly believed concept, and sought out concept. There have been many reports and testimonies of those who claim they have experienced this. However, Out of Body experiences are internal experiences therefore, they are made difficult to be proven by science. So as far as science believing OBE experiences exist, the answer is no. There has been attempts but currently no successful experiment that can successful induce a out of body experience on a patient.