May 1, 2012
Prof. Marylou Robins
Treatments of Disorders
A Psychological disorder is known as a behavioral or psychological syndrome or pattern that occurs with an individual that can cause significant distress or disability; this is impairment in various regions of the brain. Psychological disorders are not curable however; because of the constant improvement of new medicines there are therapies to controlling the disorder allowing one to live a manageable life. Therapy has become a method of counseling that has been proven many times to bring forth positive results. The ultimate goal of therapy is to help those who are facing a specific problem.
There are several major kinds of therapies used. The first therapy is called behavior therapies. Behavior therapies are action therapies based on the principles of classical conditioning and aimed at changing disordered behavior without the concern for the original causes of such behavior. This therapy is based on the teachings of classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Behavioral therapists work to change problematic behaviors that have been trained through years of reinforcement. A good example of behavioral therapy would be a therapist working with a client to overcome a fear of heights. The therapist would encourage the client to gradually face their fear of heights through experience. Next, the client would slowly expose themselves to greater and greater levels of their fear until the diminishes or disappears entirely. Second type of therapy is called cognitive therapy. Cognitive therapists tend to focus on specific problems. These therapists believe that irrational thinking or faulty perceptions cause dysfunctions. A cognitive therapist may work with a client to change thought patterns. This type of therapy is often effective for clients suffering from depression or anxiety.
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A third type of therapy used is called Group Therapy. Group therapy is a form of where two or more clients work with one or more therapists or counselors. This method is a popular format for support groups, where group members can learn from the experiences of others and offer advice. This method is also more cost effective than individual psychotherapy and is oftentimes more effective. It is common for those suffering from a mental illness or problem behavior to feel alone, isolated or different. Group therapy can help clients by providing a peer group of individuals that are currently experiencing the same symptoms or who have recovered from a similar problem. Group members can also provide emotional support and a safe forum to practice new behaviors. A fourth type of therapy used is called Biomedical Therapy. In this kind of therapy it directly affects the biological function of a body and brain through the use of creational drugs fit to sooth the psychological problem or disorder.
A fifth type of therapy is known as Humanistic Therapy. In this therapy it focuses on the people conscious, emotion and people sense of self. There are two types of humanistic therapies one is called Person-Centered therapy where the patient talks about his problems while the therapist just listens and has to understand what the patient is going through with the help of empathy. The second type of humanistic therapy is called the Gestalt Therapy. In this therapy the therapist helps the clients to accept what they feeling and what has happened to them through the help of asking leading questions and using role play as a tool. Finally the last therapy, called Psychoanalysis also referred to as insight therapy. In this therapy it helps uncover the repressed unconscious thoughts to help the client come to an understanding of the origins of their problems.
Psychological therapy and mental health care in general, have suffered a long history of questioning and debate with reasonable concerns about the efficiency and efficacy of psychotherapy. Despite these concerns psychotherapy continues to exist and thrive, its practice and authoritative claims going far beyond what has been explained. Therapy has become a method of counseling that has been proven many times to bring forth positive results. The ultimate goal of therapy is to help those who are seeking help.
Ciccarelli, Saundra K., J. Noland. White, and Saundra K. Ciccarelli. "Psychological Therapies." Psychology: An Exploration. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2010. Print.