Psychology discuss one contribution of the learning perspective to the scientific study of behaviour

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Nandini Chandra

Discuss One Contribution of the Learning Perspective to the

Scientific Study of Behaviour

The learning perspective was the first major perspective in psychology which tried to prove its theories in a scientific sense. As such behaviourist psychologists tried to use laboratory experiments to try and prove their theories like scientists and this was their contribution to the scientific study of behaviour as other perspectives followed in their wake. A good demonstration of how the learning perspective uses laboratory experiments in order to help prove its theories is how Pavlov’s dog experiment was used to show classical conditioning.

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Classical conditioning is a form of learning that was first demonstrated by Ivan Pavlov. The typical procedure for inducing classical conditioning involves presentations of a neutral stimulus along with a stimulus of some significance. The neutral stimulus could be any event that does not result in an overt behavioral response from the organism under investigation. Pavlov referred to this as a conditioned stimulus (CS). Conversely, presentation of the significant stimulus necessarily evokes an innate, often reflexive, response. Pavlov called these the unconditioned stimulus (US) and unconditioned response (UR), respectively. If the CS and the US are repeatedly paired, eventually the two stimuli become ...

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