An experiment to investigate the difference in performance of participants doing a puzzle alone and in the presence of other people.

Internal Assessment Psychology SL An experiment to investigate the performance of participants, in the presence of other people. Anthony Lee Columbia River High School IB Psychology 2/18/11 Word count: 1661 Abstract One of the first studies of social influence was performed in 1898, when Norman Triplett showed how children who were asked to turn a fishing reels as fast as they could would spin the wheel faster if there were other children in the room. This effect was actually called social facilitation, as it seemed that the task was made easier, or facilitated, by the presence of others. The aim of this experiment was to discover if this statement is true. The experiment was conducted using eighteen first grade students, 10 girls and 8 boys, where the average age was seven years. The participants were brought into a familiar classroom where they were expected to solve a Chinese puzzle. The same groups of children were exposed to two different conditions, where they in the first case worked alone when they solved the first puzzle, and in the second case they worked in pairs without collaboration, solving the second puzzle. The aims stated that an improvement in performance could be produced by the mere presence of conspecifics. The results obtained from the experiment show the opposite of what was expected; participants took longer in the together group than they

  • Word count: 1754
  • Level: International Baccalaureate
  • Subject: Psychology
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Content Analysis

Zainab Somji 9 weeks exam Content Analysis 2th January 2009 Aim of the study The aim of this study is to observe the different signs and behaviors of aggression in specific news shows. These news shows included: Fox News Sunday, CBS Evening News, and The Situation Room. Thus, each news show was observed for any signs of aggressive behavior. The categories that were observed in each of these shows were those of verbal aggression such as threatening, hitting, cursing, yelling, throwing, pushing, and stabbing. Thus, each category was evaluated by the amount of aggression in each show, and analyzed. Introduction/literature review Aggression, by definition, is behavior that intentionally acquires to cause harm (psychological or physical), pain or any personal injury. It is also known as the cause of pain between two entities of the same species. Thus, the essential aspect of determining aggression is the intention of the doer. Sometimes, accidents occur, such as trying to walking down a narrow aisle and bumping into a person. This is not determined as aggression because the intention was never there. However, although intention is the most important factor, it is extremely hard to determine the intentions of individuals. Thus, the key is to examine and observe the behavior and look for types of behavior that cause harm or pain, by physical or verbal means. Physical acts

  • Word count: 1742
  • Level: International Baccalaureate
  • Subject: Psychology
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Internal Assessment : Loftus and Palmer Study

Experiment on leading questions after an event Miroslav Cuculiza (001102-055) IB Psychology SL 4/2/11 Word Count:1203 Table of Contents Abstract ...........................................................................................2 Introduction.......................................................................................3 Methods...........................................................................................4 Results.............................................................................................5 Discussion........................................................................................6 References.......................................................................................7 Appendix i.........................................................................................8 Appendix ii.........................................................................................9 Appendix iii......................................................................................10 Abstract The experiment was intended to study memory whether or not can be influenced changed after it's formed. The aim of the study was to investigate eyewitness change in memory after supplied information after an event. The method consists of being and independent measure design , it has opportunity sampling within the

  • Word count: 1727
  • Level: International Baccalaureate
  • Subject: Psychology
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Personalida, temperamento y carcter

Julián Riveros Décimo A Febrero 27, 2008 PERSONALIDAD, TEMEPERAMENTO Y CARÁCTER La personalidad es la que está formada por una serie de características que utilizamos para describirnos y estas se encuentran integradas a cada uno de nosotros mediante lo que llamamos el yo como una unidad coherente. Entre estas características se encuentra lo que en psicología se denominan rasgos, como por ejemplo la agresividad, la sumisión, la sociabilidad, la sensibilidad entre otros. También hay conjuntos de rasgos algunos como extroversión o introversión, y otros aspectos que las personas utilizan para describirse uno mismo. Como sus deseos, motivaciones, emociones, sentimientos y mecanismos para afrontar la vida. Es decir, la personalidad es la forma en que pensamos, sentimos, nos comportamos e interpretamos la realidad. Durante el siguiente ensayo se va a explicar lo que es la personalidad, el temperamento y el carácter en el ser humano con más detalle. La personalidad de las personas es única, dentro de cada persona se forman pautas de pensamiento, percepciones y comportamientos diferentes para cada ser humano. El pensamiento de cada individuo, la emoción y el comportamiento por sí solos no constituyen la personalidad; ésta se encuentra oculta tras aquellos elementos. La personalidad también implica previsibilidad sobre cómo actuará y cómo reaccionará una

  • Word count: 1724
  • Level: International Baccalaureate
  • Subject: Psychology
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IB Psychology Experiment - Our aim is to determine the effect of gender on awareness on the moon walking bear video.

Effects of Gender on Awareness Anica Wang IB Psychology SL October 24, 11 Word Count: 1481 Abstract Our aim is to determine the effect of gender on awareness on the moon walking bear video. Ten female and ten male high school students from Kaohsiung American School will be picked and asked whether they would like to participate in the experiment. The sampling method we chose is the opportunity sampling method, since we wanted to avoid people who already seen the video before to participate, which could affect the result. We walked around the school and ask the student we saw whether they would like to participate or not. The independent variable is the gender and the dependent variable is the participants' awareness level. These participants will be asked whether they seen the video before or not and we would ask if they find any abnormal part throughout the video. The data shows that there is only a slight difference between results of male and female. Due to the results of the experiment, it shows that there is no effect of gender on awareness. Introduction People tend to be focused of an important object they see in front of them. However, they ignore the other object that is displaying at the same time. This is known as the intentional blindness. When people are focused on one task, it is really hard for them to notice things around them, even when something

  • Word count: 1694
  • Level: International Baccalaureate
  • Subject: Psychology
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This essay will examine the various arguments that are brought up pro and against the nature and nurture debate.

FANIEL T. ESTIFANOS (1105733) 09 DECEMBER 2011 NATURE OR NURTURE Pederson, Brian Growing up people will have told that you look like your father or mother, on the other hand you may notice that you have the brown eyes from your mother and you are tall as your father; but what about your knowledge your intelligence and ability? Do you get them from your parents as well or are they innate with you and you are born with your unique ability? This essay will examine the various arguments that are brought up pro and against the nature and nurture debate. Great philosophers like Rene Descartes and John Locke argued that people acquire knowledge from the information our senses provide us with. King Solomon seems to support the nurture assumption when he suggests in the Proverbs 22:6, "Train the child in the way he should go, and when he is old he will not turn from it."People at the beginning start with simple ideas and then they combine them and can turn them into more complex ones. Psychologist J. B. Watson once said "Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select - doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of

  • Word count: 1602
  • Level: International Baccalaureate
  • Subject: Psychology
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Of Dreams and Reality: A paper on hypnosis and dream analysis

Kevin Henson September 24, 2013 Psy 101-T Reflection paper Of Dreams and Reality: A paper on hypnosis and dream analysis There are some things in this world which are better left unsaid, some secrets that lay deep down and locked away in our unconscious, hidden desires and suppressed emotions. I guess you could say it is our instinctive selves, a version of ourselves (perhaps even our real selves) that lay caged by our everyday selves, an externality of our personality that is immersed in a society of norms and standards such that if we let this “inner” self lose, the result would be ousting, being ostracized from society. The unconscious is a world full of the clandestine, but as Freud theorizes, it is the base of the iceberg which is the foundation of our entire personality. What people see on the outside is actually largely based on our unconscious personality. It may not be exactly the same, but the fact remains, our external selves represent our internal selves to a certain extent and perhaps even in a toned down fashion. Who we really are as a person, on an instinctive level, is encapsulated by our unconscious, and to know more about this covert reality is to know more one’s real self as Roger’s would put it. Hypnosis

  • Word count: 1585
  • Level: International Baccalaureate
  • Subject: Psychology
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Abu Ghraib Psychology Essay. What do you think you would do in a situation like Abu Ghraib? Do you think the military personnel who were involved in the Abu Ghraib incident should have been jailed or reduced in rank?

Summarize the Abu Ghraib incident What do you think you would do in a situation like Abu Ghraib? Do you think the military personnel who were involved in the Abu Ghraib incident should have been jailed or reduced in rank? Describe how situational and dispositional factors explain behavior, using both the Stanford Prison Experiment and Abu Ghraib to formulate your answer. Write a précis summary in your OneNote approx 1-2 double spread. Placing military personnel at the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq merely acted as a catalyst for the antagonistic atrocities that occurred against the prisoners. These atrocities consist of physical and sexual abuses, rape, molesting, harassment, and homicides. Providentially, these acts have come to the media's attention and therefore the public, or at least the important rankings that are able to commence actions in attempt of salvation, have acknowledged this occurrence. In 1949, The Geneva Conventions were authorized by the U.S. which states that torture, outrages upon personal dignity, and humiliating and degrading treatment of detainees is prohibited. However, U.S. justice department believed the Geneva Conventions did not apply to the Al Qaeda because they did not sign the Geneva Conventions and they don't follow any of the rules of warfare; hence the 911 incident, which suggests they deliberately target and kill civilians. In 2002, the

  • Word count: 1583
  • Level: International Baccalaureate
  • Subject: Psychology
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This essay will evaluate flashbulb memory on how emotion can affect cognitive process.

Evaluate one theory of how emotion may affect one cognitive process [22] Flashbulb memory IB HL2 Psychology Mr. Parker Period 2 Jesseril Suriawinata This essay will evaluate flashbulb memory on how emotion can affect cognitive process. Emotions are a mix of subjective experiences comprised of physiological changes and cognitive appraisal. Early theories of emotion have emphasized the relevance of the biological aspects while later theories have focused on the cognitive component of emotion. However, modern research have approached it as an interactive combination of both biological and cognitive experiences. In 1977, Brown and Kulik proposed the theory of flashbulb memory, memories that are vivid in detail, long lasting, and accurate because of its emotional relevance, aspect of surprise, and important consequences. Neisser, on the other hand, believes that the constant rehearsal and accessibility of the events resort to the maintenance of these “concrete” memories, which is eventually stored into long-term memory. More specifically, it’s believed that flashbulb memory is stored in the amygdala, responsible for emotional and episodic memory. It sets itself apart from other memories because of its supposed longevity and “photographic” conclusiveness. The theory also proposes a special neural mechanism that stimulates an emotional response to the shocking event

  • Word count: 1573
  • Level: International Baccalaureate
  • Subject: Psychology
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With reference to relevant research studies, to what extent does genetic inheritance influence behaviour?

G&B 2: With reference to relevant research studies, to what extent does genetic inheritance influence behaviour? Evolution is a theory initiated by Charles Darwin, primarily in his book, Origin of the Species. It contains fundamental principles including natural selection, survival of the fittest and competition. Natural Selection suggests that advantageous genes are passed down through to subsequent generations and in psychology, it is important to consider that it describes the mechanisms of behaviour (MoB) rather than the behaviours themselves. A MoB is the observable response made to a situation and the unconscious processes underlying it. Survival of the fittest favours organisms that are best adapted to a certain environment.Evolution of the brain can be observed in both humans and animals. Some common trends include the appearance of a hindbrain amongst reptiles, the limbic system amongst mammals as well as the frontal lobe in higher mammals. Fessler (2006) aimed to investigate whether disgust sensitivity in the first trimester of pregnancy was as elevated as predicted. He also hypothesised that disgust helps to compensate for the suppressed immune system of a pregnant mother. Data were collected using a Web-based questionnaire through the participation of 691 healthy, pregnant females between the ages of 18-50 years. 155 of which were in their first trimester, 183

  • Word count: 1573
  • Level: International Baccalaureate
  • Subject: Psychology
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