• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

International Baccalaureate: Theory of Knowledge

Browse by

Currently browsing by:

Submitted within:
last month (3)
last 3 months (3)
last 6 months (4)
last 12 months (20)

Meet our team of inspirational teachers

find out about the team

Get help from 80+ teachers and hundreds of thousands of student written documents

  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 20
  1. Which sources of knowledgebooks, websites, the media, personal experience, authorities or some other do you consider most trustworthy, and why?

    The media, which most definitely includes various websites, has been the main source of knowledge, which has caused the spread of this issue. However to what extent can we assume this source to be trustworthy over other sources of knowledge? It is clear to say, all forms of mass-media are biased to a certain extent. It is hard to find sources of knowledge today without any bias due to the extent that the ways of knowing affect our interpretation of knowledge.

    • Word count: 1226
  2. TOK

    Words and phrases in the statement are too general and unclear such as the words "understand", "things", and "as we are." Understanding should be defined as the ability not just to regurgitate information, but to be familiar with it to the extent that we can also apply and teach it. The word "things" could be literally anything: ideas, shoes, emotions, etc. These things are what we see and experience in our lives and it could be a wide variety of what we see from a day to day basis.

    • Word count: 1591
  3. To what extent do we need evidence to support our beliefs in different areas of knowledge?

    The first area of knowledge I would like to examine is the natural sciences. Natural sciences are those which use scientific methods, such as observation and experimentation, to gain empirical knowledge about the world around us, in particular, nature. The natural sciences are built on tests upon tests that confirm hard data and results; therefore sense perception is a key way of knowing in this area as it allows us to verify information and theories on our own with great confidence.

    • Word count: 1748
  4. Discuss the claim that some areas of knowledge are discovered and others are invented:

    Thus, it is obvious that ethics as an area of knowledge in our society are discovered by each individual. My parents, for instance, played a huge role in my life, and through language they instilled their morals and ethical codes onto me to ensure that I would be properly raised. An excellent example of this is that in the Iranian culture it is considered rude for someone to walk into a room and not automatically greet their elders or to forget to thank someone if they do you a favor.

    • Word count: 1614
  5. Are some ways of knowing more likely to lead to truth than others?

    The beach itself is all of the areas of knowledge. The truth in science appears in myriad of forms, and with a multitude of attributes e.g. there is sand on the beach and there are rocks of various hardness and color, permanence and texture, there are animals and seaweed, hunger and disease. The truth in science is formed of relatively small number of elemental things that form together to produce an overall truth e.g. the amount of sand created from a rock, the moon being a rock, the relation between the rock on the moon and the rock on the ground, the relation between air and the sloshing motion of water in the sea etc.

    • Word count: 1460
  6. we will always learn more about human life and human personality from novels than from scientific psychology. (Noam Chomsky) To what extent would you agree?

    However, it is not as simple as you think it is because characters in novels are defined as written fiction which possibly portrays untrue human personalities where as the scientific study of behaviour and the mind, scientific psychology, is based on investigation and research practices. For example, it is done through observations, case studies and experiments. Charis : Are you implying that novels are unreliable sources while scientific psychology isn't? Tu Bao : To a certain extent, I believe that both literature and scientific psychology present a filtered view of human nature, but scientific psychology is generally more filtered, and so is a less complete source of information.

    • Word count: 1507
  7. Choose two senses and explain how they have claims to knowledge.

    As regards the sense of sight, many people claim that this is the most reliable sense of all. This is mainly because people believe that nothing can fool their sense of sight. If we see a car in front of us, we know that it is actually there. The same example can be applied to the slice of bread we might see in our daily breakfast. But how can we be sure that it is really there and that piece of bread is not just a mere image created by our own brain?, Taking into account that there is a

    • Word count: 1037
  8. To what extent is truth different in mathematics, ethics and natural sciences?

    On the other hand, we keep discovering new things, which require new and improved mathematical theories. Although we are certain that three sides of a triangle add up to 180 degrees on a 2 dimensional area, we now know that this is not the case with three dimensions. Similarly, all mathematical laws that apply to our universe, it is probable that in another universe completely different rules would apply. It would be arrogant to say that everything we know in maths is certain because we keep making new discoveries, which make us amend our previous laws.

    • Word count: 1209
  9. TOK Journals

    The US will also need less help from other countries to recover from the earthquake, whereas, Haiti in this case, will require a lot of help from other countries to be able to get through this rough period of time. This is why even countries like Taiwan are already so aware of the earthquake that happened in Haiti and are ready to donate and support them. Therefore, I don't think it is coincidence that we hear less about disasters that happen in developed countries, it is the way the media spread information.

    • Word count: 1563
  10. TOK Essay

    It was a mere theory, an assumption that makes up the difficulties in interpreting the problem but nevertheless, it works. "Is hybridization a real process or a mathematical device?" is a question raised. It is just a tool for scientists to advance forwards, to overcome adversity. Same thing happens in history. There is one big assumption that historians have involuntarily agreed, that is there is an underlying uniformity in human nature regardless historical background; in other words, it is assumed people in the past acted just like we do in the present.

    • Word count: 1514
  11. TOK Essay on Natural Sciences

    In addition, being a witness of other's misdeeds and therefore consequence, would allow them to learn from that offense and therefore associate it as a threat or danger therefore establish it is morally wrong for doing it. The love for others is a basis of having great satisfaction and hate produces the opposite feeling. As love for others includes the desire to see their loved ones being happy, fulfilling their desire would often involve unselfishness as well as self-sacrifice and the denial to see their loved one being sad therefore avoiding to hurt them.

    • Word count: 1414
  12. Which sources of knowledge-books, websites, the media, personal experience, authorities or some other- do you most consider trustworthy, and why?

    author can only write from their own perspective, from what they've seen, heard, read and this could give them a completely different spin on something compared to you. And yet even though we know these things one of the main ways we are taught is from books, we base a lot of our knowledge on the secondary knowledge we get from them. We just have to trust them because unless our logic tells us otherwise how can we disprove the knowledge in a book.

    • Word count: 1551
  13. In expanding the field of knowledge we but increase the horizon of ignorance.- Henry Miller. To what extent can a knower agree?

    Upon completion of my experiment the question, at what speed will the ball bearing penetrated the skin, was answered, however, I was face with many more questions, such as what variables affect this and why? Often throughout my lessons, I find myself overwhelmed with questions, and with each door of ignorance that is opened I am faced with three more closed ones. It is because of this that I feel this statement of Miller's to be a perfect literary representation of the emotions I feel every physics lesson.

    • Word count: 1601
  14. La duda es la clave del conocimiento (proverbio persa). En qu medida es esto cierto en dos reas de conocimiento?

    por eso ya no sea utilizada en la actualidad, adem�s de el tiempo y "esfuerzo" por parte de los estudiantes que esta requiere. La duda constituye un estado de incertidumbre y un l�mite a la confianza o la creencia en la verdad de un conocimiento. Esto se da debido a la falta de certeza sobre a qu� decisi�n tomar o la veracidad de una afirmaci�n o teor�a, como la exactitud de una fuente y la imparcialidad de esta. Adem�s, la duda puede permitir que una persona razone lo suficiente acerca de la toma de una decisi�n, dejando de lado las emociones y sentimientos.

    • Word count: 1365
  15. Reason And Emotion

    However, emotion can in fact have an effect on this rational process and even change the outcome. Taking for example two students that possess equal intellectual capacity, and have both prepared equally for an upcoming mathematics exam. An hour before the exam one student experiences an unfortunate event that causes him to be angry, whilst the other remains calm and peaceful. Upon doing the exam the student who is calm and has less distractions in his mind (i.e. 'emotionless') will focus better, and hence perform better than the student whose emotions cloud his logic.

    • Word count: 1268
  16. The Matrix And Plato's Cave

    The idea of enlightenment is emphasized in scene at the end of the movie when everyone is moving around in a trance-like way and neo seems to be the only one in that sense that is awake. It takes the released prisoner a long time to absorb the entire truth, but when he does, and is ready to go back and inform the other prisoners of the truth, they will certainly deny him, as he would be trying to tell them that all that they have been perceiving is false, and the only truth is that which they haven't seen.

    • Word count: 1206
  17. Tok Essay. We see and understand things not as they are but as we are. In order to more fully understand and question this statement, it must be broken down to its core.

    Therefore, the way in which we view the world tells us more about ourselves, then the world itself. The question of whether this statement is true or not will be looked at through two ways of knowing, which will be emotion and sense perception in this case. I do not believe the knowledge claim to hold true for sense perception as my past experiences, upbringing and culture have had no affect on my five senses. I have lead different to every other human being on this planet, but I will still taste sugar as sweet or see the sun to be bright, just like everyone else.

    • Word count: 1472
  18. TOK essay

    This leads onto the idea of personal moral beliefs, which will be covered later. Emotions present the variable in this equation that creates a much larger challenge. Emotions are more chaotic than reason, due to situations where an individual might lose emotional control and not know all the facts to respond in the best possible manner. However, context and personal moral beliefs are just as important in the decision making. They are what create the basis for reason and emotion to exist and perform the functions and duties so that humanity can deduce the conclusion needed.

    • Word count: 1565
  19. We see and understand things not as they are but as we are. Discuss this claim in relation to at least two ways of knowing.

    But to what extent is Nin's assumption justified? In order to answer this question, this essay will explore the following knowledge issue: To what extent, and why, do our sense perception, culture, belief system, reason and emotion alter our reality of history, mathematics and ethics? If we follow the same real life issue with regards to the Area of Knowledge of history, we can see that the past is invariable. Every individual can see the below photograph of the "tank incident" and see the same things. The events that have occurred are constant, and in this sense, we see things as "they are".

    • Word count: 1465
  20. Which areas of knowledge are affected by doubts?

    For example, we know this book exist, because we can see the book and also we can feel the book. However, according to Descartes, because these five senses cannot be proven, therefore there is a possibility that the book does not exist. Then what can be said to exist with certainty? Descartes stated that he found himself thinking to the answer to this question of "what does exist" therefore he came up with the idea of "I think therefore I am".

    • Word count: 1536
  21. Is knowledge in mathematics and other Areas of Knowledge dependent on culture to the same degree and in the same ways?

    Culture plays a major role in shaping our knowledge as individuals and as a society but each area of knowledge and the strands of those areas are influenced by culture in a different way. Math is usually considered a 'universal' language that everyone is about to communicate with not matter what your cultural background is. For example, Pythagoras's theorem was said to be discovered by Pythagoras in the sixth century B.C. However, archeological finds show that in Ancient Iraq and in China, prior to Pythagoras, the same theorem appeared to be discovered.

    • Word count: 1553
  22. We see and understand things not as they are but as we are. Discuss this claim in relation to at least two ways of knowing.

    We see the nature of the world by our eyes. Although light rays are reflected from the surfaces of objects in the outside world, we still can see a different thing from various perceptions. Perception is what we believe through the sense of sight and what we are imposed by the external world. Normally, whatever we have observed, the message is always transferred to our brains, seeing as interpretation. For example, John, the man who has visual agnosia, he cannot recognise himself in the mirror and either his wife and or his children, he lives in a world of detail, of lines and shapes, but these lines and shapes are without orders, without structure.

    • Word count: 1562
  23. In order to understand the truth, we must understand the filters of how we perceive the world.

    The more general ones include things such as religion, language and gender. Religion becomes a filter because there are so many different religions, so when it comes to opinions on ideas such as science or statements made towards the "real god" (or other statements concerning religious ethics etc.) of course all those people who are passionate about religion will debate against science and the "real god" because they use religion as a filter, twisting their opinion into the way they perceive the world through the filter of religion. In terms of language, language is more or less similar to religion.

    • Word count: 1046
  24. Comparing Flatland and Plato's analogy of the cave.

    The circle becomes so large it is about to fill the living room of the man in Flatland. He is terrified because he does not understand what is happening. All of the laws of science which state that matter cannot be created nor destroyed are being violated. What he sees is for him a true miracle. Just as he is about to run in panic from the room, the sphere reaches its equator, passes its equator, and gradually sinks out of the plane.

    • Word count: 1413
  25. Vemos y entendemos las cosas tal como somos, no tal como son

    Son las mismas formas de conocer las que nos hacen ver y entender las cosas tal como somos y no como son. La percepci�n sensorial se lleva a cabo por los est�mulos que producen nuestros sentidos y a trav�s de estos logramos conocer, y es por esto que nuestros sentidos afectan en que no podamos ver las cosas de la misma manera. Por ejemplo, nosotros vemos el mundo lleno de colores, vemos alrededor de 20 millones de colores diferentes, y todo esto gracias a las c�lulas sensoriales de la retina, los conos con los cuales nos permiten percibir la luz roja, verde y azul.

    • Word count: 1014

Marked by a teacher

This document has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the document.

Peer reviewed

This document has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the document page.

Peer reviewed

This document has been reviewed by one of our specialist student document reviewing squad. Read the full review under the document preview on this page.