We see and understand things not as they are but as we are. Discuss this claim in relation to at least two ways of knowing.

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Theory of Knowledge Essay

“We see and understand things not as they are but as we are.” Discuss this claim in relation to at least two ways of knowing.

      If you see a black cat, will you run away from it or bring it back home? Some people may think a black cat is ominous due to their culture, others may think that it is a rare cat thus bring it back home. In reality, why could someone guffaw loudly while others feel depressed when hearing the same story? Whenever we see something, perception and language are the two ways of knowing (often along with, or assisted by, others) enable us to consider, understand and express ourselves. The main issue here is that we all see the same things but we perceive it in a different way due to some aspects in our lives. When we see or observe an object, an event or a situation, we also consider about our experiences, backgrounds, etc. Thus, we all have a different understanding of it and a different point of view.

We see the nature of the world by our eyes. Although light rays are reflected from the surfaces of objects in the outside world, we still can see a different thing from various perceptions. Perception is what we believe through the sense of sight and what we are imposed by the external world. Normally, whatever we have observed, the message is always transferred to our brains, seeing as interpretation. For example, John, the man who has visual agnosia, he cannot recognise himself in the mirror and either his wife and or his children, he lives in a world of detail, of lines and shapes, but these lines and shapes are without orders, without structure. He is unable to impose order on his visual world so he sees diverse things compare to normal people. He has his own world with various colours or shapes around him. “Although we think we see the world as it really is, we live in a world of our own making.”

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Problems with perception also may affect what we see in the world. One may be that what we perceive depends not only upon the input available to us from the outside world but also upon the attention we pay to it. Lots of things happen in the same time, however, we only see a little because we do not pay attention. In addition, we perceive also depends upon the conditions of the environment that the nature provided. One example is that if a man wears a blue jumper sitting under a light, the jumper turns into purple from its ...

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