As an IB student, how has your learning of literature and science contributed to your understanding of individuals and societies?

Authors Avatar by sc_rahulgrah (student)

As an IB student, how has your learning of literature and science contributed to your understanding of individuals and societies?

Man is known as a gregarious animal, which is incomplete in the absence of a society or group.  The world is divided into seven continents, and every continent comprises a number of countries. Every individual has a place to live on the earth, and he does not live alone. He lives with his family, and his family in turn is a part of his society. All these societies combined together constitute the world. We have learned a lot about individual behavior and societal structure though a number of knowledge areas such as sciences, arts, history, religion, economics and ethics etc.

Science is an area of knowledge that is precise and perfect as it is based on empiric evidence, observations and experience. No scientific hypothesis is sealed with a mark of authenticity unless it is accompanied by substantial evidence. It is the knowledge given by science alone that we know that we are human sapiens-the most rational creatures in this world. We know that every individual has a mind and heart, and that he or she is afraid of isolation and loneliness. Not to talk of modern man, even the gypsies and Nomads in Africa lived in a society whether on land or on trees! An individual cannot live without a society. The proof is evident not only in the modern world but in the prehistoric world also.

“Charles Darwin through his revolutionary theory of evolution tells that man evolved from lower animals such as monkeys and apes over a period of millions of years.”1 Even before becoming humans, the apes and monkeys too lived in their own groups. Darwin contradicts the popular belief that we are the posterity of Adam and Eve. There was no such first man as is declared by creationism in the bible. And even if there were a first man, he too asked his maker for a companion, Eve. Thus an individual needs a society. Through archeology we have come to learn about the civilizations that flourished on the earth from time to time-Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Incan, Greek, Persian, Harappan etc. Thus individuals always prefer to living in society to living alone. Archaeological evidences point at the colonies, towns and cities lying buried deep under the recesses of the earth that had a proper order and infrastructure. Excavations have also discovered mass graves that further prove the individual instinct of a man for keeping together. Through archeology we know that an individual had faith in some superpower be it a god or the sun. He was afraid of natural disasters that were beyond his comprehension, such as floods, earthquakes and volcanoes, and in order to overcome these fears he developed a society where he felt safe and comfortable, and equipped himself with tools made of stone, in the Stone Age.

Join now!

Modern science based on the study of the genetics shows that every individual shares the behavioral traits of his parents, and that an individual is a mirror of his family and society.  Economics as a science shows that an individual needs a society in order to survive. Whether it is the barter system or the exchange of goods and services, he cannot exist on his own. Science also shows that man, being a rational creature, follows an ideology of his own, and wants to prefer to live with the people sharing his ideologies and viewpoints. For example, as per ...

This is a preview of the whole essay