In the natural sciences progress can be made, but in the arts this is not possible. To what extent do you agree?
Theory of Knowledge
“In the natural sciences progress can be made, but in the arts this
is not possible”. To what extent do you agree?
Progress is defined by the further advancement to a goal, the improvement to understanding. Where art’s main concern is to project human expression and thoughts, natural sciences aims to explain the physical world in the fashion of patterns. One must realize, however, that because objectivity in natural sciences differ from the subjectivity in arts, they have their respective goals in progress. In natural sciences, researchers have aspired to reach a convincing explanation, an absolute truth for humans, of the mechanisms that the world possesses using reason for which enables us to grasp with some clarity the logic behind it. Popularly known as the extreme of natural sciences, art is the medium to capture complex ways of thinking in physical and tangible representations and has ever since created newer methods to articulate individual human experiences. Natural sciences progresses by forming a more comprehensive understanding of the world through disproving prior theories; arts, too can progress by expanding a deeper range to reflect on human emotions through modern technology. Despite polar opposites to one another, they share the aim to understanding knowledge that is advantageous to human intellect.
The progression of natural science would seem transparent; naturally, we apply new knowledge to our previously acquired understanding to create a clearer picture of the natural world, known as linear progression. However, it doesn’t necessarily work that way. Instead new scientific theory replaces the old and shifts the paradigm to our perception of reality. The revolutions in science are often refused in societal approval. A branch of neuroscience, phrenology is associated with the reputable idea of localization of the brain in which certain brain regions are responsible for particular behaviors. Phrenology, however, takes it to such specificity that the proportions of personality correlate with the sizes of brain regions. It also entails that the brain can be divided into 27 different personality areas as opposed to the four lobes established. For instance, a bump in the area hypothetically responsible for a heightened sense of taste, would assume he or she is a chef. Progress was made when modern technology demonstrated that character traits cannot be in a strictly linked to exact portions in the brain as what phrenology proposes. Progress is defined by the development in adjusting an explanation to the physical world’s mechanisms and processes.
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Despite the objective approach, natural sciences may need to use creativity in order to expand their imagination on possible models to explain scientific phenomena. After it is established, logical reasoning is put to use to create a cohesive and sound judgement. The anatomical engineering of atoms molecules and its collective surrounding of protons and electrons, the building blocks of every object, is a representative model for scientists to use in order to further explain behaviors of bigger scientific phenomenon, thus being the origins of which all scientific concepts stem from. Thus before one begins to progress in natural sciences by forming a coherent understanding of the world, one must explore one’s own emotions.
There is no absolute truth in the interpretation of art; it offers the freedom of meaning due to its dependence of emotions thus despite new technology, the progress of art cannot be judged in a definite manner because it varies from one person to another. Modern society has gravitated to simplicity as a new outlook on art and a novel method in expressing emotions. However progress is defined by individual opinion and it is subjective as to which dimension of art articulates expression better than others. The traditional form of paintings such done by Pedro Campos was emotionally and visually gave more of an impression to me as opposed to art pieces made from technology generated geometric shapes arranged together. Yet contrariwise, I could find Sean Augustine’s In Vanity light and reflective sculptures using unexplored territorial art medium installation extremely compelling than acrylic paintings experimenting on color contrast on geometric shapes. Therefore modernism does not necessarily equate to progression because people have their own definition of progress in art, each moving at its own momentum.
However, creating art forms to explain human emotions uses the inventions of natural sciences to project artistic ideas into concrete representations yet encourage in depth artistic thinking. The influence of new technology aid in today’s fast paced lifestyle. People have implanted the definition of art to be aesthetically beautiful and transparent in its meaning; if the message is not clearly articulated, it wouldn’t be considered art. Society has aimed to create inventions that add convenience into human lifestyle thus the birth of technology equates to progression. As a consequence, thinking becomes too much of a hassle, limiting effort; if substance in art is not an immediate given, it is nonsense. In other words, our lethargy encourages us to dismiss the subtlety of art’s purpose. Carlos Cruz-Diez’s Chromosaturations exhibits 22 cubicles of different light and color, ultimately providing a “phenomenal” color stimulus to the retina. Though the colors were visually appealing, I decided it was just a scientific presentation of light’s characteristics; however despite its seemingly simplistic exterior, it was orchestrated to show how minor cues can influence the birth of monumental ideas, emotions, and thoughts. This significant conveyance could’ve only be interpreted if effort was taken. The veiled relevance in art is progress to bring people’s mind out of our idle stupor. Art’s progression is defined by one’s individual definition of its ability to elicit emotion in a way that encourages the necessary effort thereby a thought provoking way, to understand its emotional relevance.
Natural sciences’ doctrine of reason and the arts’ emotional essence creates a distinct line in progression, where one is concerned with an objective and logical betterment to the understanding of the physical world while the other aims to expand approaches and dispose of simplicity in captivating complex individual human emotions and exhibiting it to fellow humans who impose subjective meanings and effectiveness of the artwork. It is mutual, however, that they both drive to progressing in the understanding of knowledge that benefits human society.
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