Alex Kluivert

Theory of Knowledge I IB

4 March 2009

Facts vs. Facts

        Henri Poincare once said that "Science is built of facts the way a house is built of bricks: but an accumulation of facts is no more science than a pile of bricks is a house", this is a very interesting quote that one could derive many meanings from. The first thing that the quote shows is that there is more to science then just a random jumble of facts. It also poses the question that if science is built on facts yet facts do not always make up science, is there more than one type of fact? People certainly use the term fact loosely. Many times you will hear someone say that this is a historical fact, or this is a scientific fact. Is there a difference between these two? Yes, there is a huge difference, if one is to believe in a correspondent society the empirical truths of science should always come before the truths of history. Yet this is not always the case. For some reason people see science as debatable and history as more of an undisputed truth. This is wrong. Two of the most trusted and respected areas of knowledge in todays society are science and history, but when weighed against each other scientific facts should always offset historical facts.

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        In a correspondence world, science is considered the strongest of the truth tests. An empirical truth is thought of as a fact that has been confirmed by multiple scientific tests and experiments. However even though science is held in such high regards it is very often disputed.

One example of this is the recent dispute between evolution and creationism. There is scientific evidence that has confirmed Darwin’s theory of evolution through natural selection. Although it is true that with the technology we have today it is impossible to test the evolution of larger species such as man, but we ...

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