• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Science gives us a tool to work out whether what we experience is real and what we are told is true.

Extracts from this document...


"Science gives us a tool to work out whether what we experience is real and what we are told is true." by Nicola Montague-Patel Firstly, what is science? There are numerous possible answers to that, one of which could be ?Is it to question, observe, and hypothesize about what we see or at least think we can see?? Over the millennia scientists have used tools and instruments to observe, conduct experiments, to record data from those experiments and to draw logical conclusions be they practical (i.e. visible) or purely hypothetical. Often in order to conduct scientific study in a new area scientists also needed to invent the very tools and instruments needed to perform the experiments. In all instances we know that conducting single experiments in isolation will not provide enough data to prove or disprove any theory. Scientist?s always seek to build a viable case; this process can often involve many years of striving to collect further experimental evidence and proof for their theories. There is a repetitive element to scientific experimentation due to inherent uncertainties, especially if the area of study is new. In the world of science proving a scientific theory is just as important as perhaps disproving the theory. In many cases scientific theories are frequently proved or disproved many years after the original proposals were made and all too frequently many years after the demise of the proposer. ...read more.


Plato with his ideas that every object is working towards the perfect mathematical form (perhaps he had conceived an early draft of the Grand Unified Theory?) Jumping forwards to the current millennium, in the world of high-energy particle physics, as recently as this year (2013) scientists have used vast man made devices to all but prove the existence of one of the fundamental building blocks of the universe. A particular type particle first envisaged by Professor Peter Higgs (amongst others) back in the previous century has needed 50 plus years of slow methodical observation and invention of larger and larger particle accelerators culminating in the building at huge expense of the large Hadron Collider at Cern in Switzerland, along with huge instruments to detect the smallest traces of proof that the Higgs boson actually existed for a few milliseconds before decaying almost as rapidly it was created. In this instance an enormous amount of effort and money has been expended throughout the scientific community over the last 50 years in the search for this elusive particle; it should be noted that the search could easily have ended with the conclusion that the particle did not exist or possibly that we did not have the means to detect it. In either case the scientists involved in the search had enough belief in the theory to pursue the cause relentlessly for many decades. ...read more.


Many a dictatorship of a secular state has used the some basic principles of restricting information and freedom of thought to control the populous for their benefit. As a counterpoint to the long held version of the ?truth?, science is readily providing convincing evidence to the contrary; almost always by the basic principles of ?questioning, observing, and hypothesizing about what we see or at least think we can see?. Certain groups and individuals are defending their beliefs using the notion of ?intelligent design? the idea that this universe that we know cannot have come about randomly in amongst many others and therefore we must be part of a bigger picture in which control is being exorcised by someone or something with a purpose, although obviously we don?t know what that purpose is of course. The openly anti-religious attitudes and ideas of prominent thinkers of our generation such as Professor Richard Dawkins should be leading the majority of the world?s independent people to the conclusion that ?no? we can?t tell the difference between the real and the unreal or that we should always believe what we are told. We must therefore have the right to question everything and we have the freedom of thought that has allowed us come to our own conclusions, be they right or wrong; that surely is the object of science and the tool that it has provided to us. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. How can different ways of knowing help us to distinguish between something that is ...

    Also there are relationship between religions and reason. Several religions can give some religious reasons to believe things around you and not allow you to search for the truth. In contrast, empiricism looks only to explain what is able to be observed, and applies those observations to a certain set of rules which mean that we based our

  2. What I tell you three times is true. (Lewis Carroll) Might this formula ...

    Since I had no knowledge about this topic, I was obliged to do research using the Internet and various textbooks. All the sources that I managed to check regarding the 'chaos theory' had similar descriptions. Therefore the repetition of the same description eventually led me to induce a conclusion of that particular description as being the 'truth'.

  1. The Provisional Nature of Science

    For example, astronomers can predict where and when the next eclipse will happen with a very good precision, this is because many years ago scientists disproved the geocentric model of the universe and adopted the model we are familiar with today: the heliocentric universe.

  2. TOK Socrates Summary of Euthyphro, The Apology, and Crito. Applying This To ...

    Many revolve on how it will look bad on his friends because people will think they did nothing to save him. He also explains that if he stays, he will aid his enemies in wronging him unjustly making him unjust himself.

  1. As an IB student, how has your learning of history and science ...

    wealth, and that a society cannot put up with the stigma of the elopement of a woman. Literature helps us realize that we are not living in The Golden Age of mankind. There is no utopian society today. Patriarchy is still the order of the day, and women are still called the weaker s*x.

  2. As an IB student, how has your learning of literature and science contributed to ...

    Through archeology we know that an individual had faith in some superpower be it a god or the sun. He was afraid of natural disasters that were beyond his comprehension, such as floods, earthquakes and volcanoes, and in order to overcome these fears he developed a society where he felt

  1. How can the different ways of knowing help us to distinguish between something that ...

    In our day to day life we use our senses (touch, smell, taste and sight) to distinguish between something which is true something which is believed to be true. For example it is universally known that if an individual comes in contact with fire they will burn to different degrees

  2. There are no distinctions between what is true and false, Discuss with relation to ...

    be saying that everything is possible and we would not know our past ? If we do not understand our past, we cannot explain who we are. In this instance it is vital to know whether something is true or not.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work