Socratic dialogueAre reason and logic purely objective and universal, or do they vary across cultures?

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Nov 3, 2011


Dolly Huang

1. Are reason and logic purely objective and universal, or do they vary across cultures

Susan. Have you ever noticed that logic and reason is purely based on cultures?

Frank. What do you mean? I thought that logic is just logic. There are many ways you can think about this and defines for the definition of logic and reasons. For example, I believed that logic is the common sense of how people react to knowledge or things that they have experienced. However, you could also say that logic is a way to show reasoning in speeches and actions. Until a certain extent; people will be able to think rationally. We try to think the same way as others do and to empathize and sympathize with them. That is why we all can come to a common, universal answer, which becomes our common sense.

Susan. Well why do we have wars then? If we all think the same way, then we would have world peace and people should live happily ever after. But that is not our reality. We have social problems: racism, poverty, and powerful weapons that could have easily destroyed our planet.

Frank. We don’t have to believe in the same thing but we can think in the same way. Do you think that we should care for our environment?

Susan. Yes, of course.

Frank. Do you recycle?

Susan. No, that is not my job, the cleaners will sort out the trash at school and at home.

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Frank. So, in recent years, environmental issues have become a growing concern in the world. People all over the world are becoming more aware of the environment. It’s not just a European thing that people recycle, but you’ll be able to find recycling happening all over the world. The environment is becoming a global concern and the logical and rational reaction is to recycle used materials. We both think that the environment is important, but we believe in different method of doing things. I believe in recycling the trash, and you believe in letting someone else to recycle the ...

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