• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

TOK essay Inductive logic is one of the most important parts of our daily lives and it is a great helper for us to cope with worlds rules.

Extracts from this document...


TED ANKARA COLLEGE FOUNDATION HIGH SCHOOL 2007-2008 FIRST TERM - GRADE 10 - TOK EXAM November 9, 2007 NAME: Reyhan Ayas NUMBER: 20217 CLASS: 10F Everybody can very simply hear, see, smell, taste and feel many things. Throughout a whole a lifetime, we observe many thing through these senses. Generalizations are indeed something we usually make in order to use these observations. But here is the question, can we take the generalizations we make for true as sure as the particular observations we make. That is probably one of the most important questions about inductive logic and I think we are more likely to be mistaken when we generalize than the cases we observe one by one. But we are still in need of a fair judgment on inductive logic to say if this risk to fail totally makes our inductions invalid. Inductive logic is one of the most important parts of our daily lives and it is a great helper for us to cope with world's rules. Just think for a minute and you will find out that the words we use are results of inductive logic. ...read more.


Before then, everybody was sure to generalize that she was and would always be winning the gold medal. Indeed, it seemed to be like that but here we see the importance of thinking of exceptions before using inductive logic. A small disorder in her leg invalidated our generalization. If we were to use all this information individually, it was not a problem to state our results like "She won the gold in the competition A and B , but she won the bronze in competition C." But here our claim was proved to have a fallacy because of an unexpected incident. For the above example, you may say that it is my problem that I made a weak inductive argument and if I was just normally careful and rational, inductions were as reliable as deductions and my fallacy was just one of all those we made in daily life. You may seem to disproof my claim but here is an interesting example on even how "reliable authorities" are fallible in using generalizations. On 2nd January 1980, the Scientific American Magazine had some lines like this: "Last year, there haven't been any improvements in car technology, so we can say that this invention has also completed its progression and evolution." ...read more.


So this sentence is a generalization implying that "Any class on Monday at 8.15 to 9.00 a.m. is mathematics for 10F. This argument was clearly disproved when it came 29th October when, due to the ceremonies, we couldn't have the class. Our argument is disproved but do you think we could have a programmed and easy life if we didn't make this induction? If we didn't take this generalization for true because it's epistemologically invalid, we wouldn't have a timetable and our school-life would be a mess. This is the reason why we go on making inductions although we know that they are very weak in leading us to certain truth. To sum up, generalizations are more likely to lead us to false conclusions then the specific observations we make, whereas we are still in need of them to have a meaningful and organized life. Logically, we always have a minimum risque that one day a space object will effect the earth and its gravity laws, but how can we live if we can't generalize that when we stand on the floor, the floor will carry us and we will be able to move on the floor? This is why generalizations are so important and essential, ignoring all its defects. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. Truman Show (TOK)

    we can be manipulated by something in our life because we believe everything acquire from the world we are living through our senses builds our identity to define truth. For example, his father is drowned in the sea when he is young in a thunderstorm but in fact his father

  2. Free essay

    IB TOK essay

    This was due to the fact that it clashed with the religious and ethical beliefs held by scientists (and society).5 Thus in some cases, due to the fallibility of scientists, the advancement of scientific knowledge may be halted and false scientific knowledge may be perpetuated.

  1. Can Logic be a barrier to knowledge?

    we may never be able to have something to believe in, or to explore a whole new internal world - the religious world.

  2. Socratic dialogueAre reason and logic purely objective and universal, or do they vary across ...

    Ever since the Korean war ended, Korea has divide itself into the North and South. Although that Korea is used to be the same country a major reason that it has separate into two is because they have very different cultures and understandings.

  1. Can Mathematics be reduced to logic?

    Another particular division that involves the use of the zero is: 0/0. The answer could be 1 because any number divided by itself is equal to 1, and it seems to be right because if you do an inverse operation, the answer is still valid (1*0 = 0).

  2. Art assignment TOK

    (B)What is your interpretation of Pavane? It took me a long while to try to understand Pavane, I couldn't really see past the simple strips of coloured paper, and the huge size of the painting, then after a couple of minutes of studying and walking around it I began to

  1. Matrix Essay- would you take the red or blue pill? TOK - 90%

    In a similar manner, Neo begins to appreciate the world when he knows his true potential after the Oracle tells him that he is ?the One? to fix the program. (The Matrix) I believe that as humans we are hard-wired to discover our true purpose and existence which ultimately enables us to appreciate our lives much more.

  2. Extended Essay. How do social class and gender affect the pursuit of happiness ...

    Oh, God! It is unutterable! I cannot live without my life! I cannot live without my soul!" (E. Bronte, 123-124) Catherine?s death has clearly driven Heathcliff mad. We see Jane come to a similar conflict when she is trapped inside the Red Room by her adoptive family.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work