We see and understand thing not as they are but as we are. Discuss this claim in relation to at least two ways of knowing.

"We see and understand thing not as they are but as we are." Discuss this claim in relation to at least two ways of knowing. This quote states that a person's understanding is not objective, as it is affected by several factors. The statement speaks about seeing and understanding seeing and understanding refers to perceiving. Perception is the process where sensory stimulations is translated into organized experience1. The quote mentioned above says that it depends on what we know and how we are, how we see and understand things. Knowledge is acquired by the 4 ways of knowing, sense perception, emotion, reason and language. Sense perception is they physical response of our senses to stimuli. Emotion is the state of mind responding to one's circumstances. Reason is one of the human mental faculties that are able to generate conclusions from assumptions or premises2. Language is a method of communication via signs and sounds3. However one cannot rely on only one way of knowing as they are all interconnected. Our senses are limited as us humans only have 5 senses; information obtained from the senses lead to sense perception. In the world there are different species that have different senses and limitation to them as well. For example snakes have a heat detector in their tongues as they detect infrared heat rays, but the lack a good vision as they can see the movement of an

  • Word count: 1647
  • Level: International Baccalaureate
  • Subject: Theory of Knowledge
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Is Mathematics Invention or Discovery?

Tso William 12B Is Mathematics Invention or Discovery? The question on mathematics being invention or discovery has long been debated. In the ancient Greeks, Pythagoras and his school of thinking, Pythagoreans, considered number in mathematics to be a representation of reality. Plato, one of the most important Greek philosophers in the Western Philosophy, reasoned mathematics being the only way to understand the true reality of the world or the form. Thus they both suggested math being the ultimate reality that must be discovered by human. On the other hand, there are three fundamental questions about the nature of mathematics itself. First, we must know where mathematics exists and where it is operating. Secondly, we are not sure how we discover the so-called reality of math. We must take a closer look on the system we are using to find the mathematics laws that represents the reality. Finally, since mathematics laws must correspond with the reality if it's discovered. Therefore we will find how and why the real world will obey the mathematical laws. The most reasonable answer might be mathematics being operating and existed in our mind. We processed the abstract idea, such as numbers and logarithm, in our mind. This is an obvious answer but it suggested mathematics being invented by humans themselves. We use our reason and logic to arrive a conclusion to describe what

  • Word count: 1488
  • Level: International Baccalaureate
  • Subject: Theory of Knowledge
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Reality. One event can be told many ways, our lives, experiences and goals change our perception of the event and therefore alter our reality. Look Both Ways directed by Sarah Watt, shows how one event can change a person, or many people's lives.

Reality can take many forms, the owner of the reality can manipulate and change it to reveal and revolve around different things. Reality is what makes us different, unique; our perception of it is what defines us, what creates us. Our ability to interoperate and function with our interpretation of reality is what leads to our understanding of life, how we interoperate our reality is what helps us to build and refine our life goals and morals. One reality is never the same as another, as we all interoperate it differently due to our different experiences and lifestyles, for example, one year 12 students experience is different to another, as they aim at achieve different things out of school and life in general. You can imagine an alternative reality, you can live an alternative reality, though some people try and live by their reality, their self created reality, they only succeed in getting lost in this parallel universe, and by doing so confusing fantasy for reality. One event can be told many ways, our lives, experiences and goals change our perception of the event and therefore alter our reality. Look Both Ways directed by Sarah Watt, shows how one event can change a person, or many people's lives. Look Both Ways uses the theme of death to show the characters deepest hopes and fears, Meryl and Nick who both imagine death at every corner, Julie and the train driver who

  • Word count: 714
  • Level: International Baccalaureate
  • Subject: Theory of Knowledge
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What power does language have

What power does language have in Religion? Ela Topcuoglu 5.09.08 In order to discuss and identify what power language has in today's world, it is important to first define what 'language' means to an individual, because the words people use to tell a story or make a point "tell a story of their own" (Take back the language: words tell a story of their own. Keith M. Woods.) Therefore what language means to someone might have a completely different meaning to someone else, thus the answer as to what power language has will change depending on who is asked. However the points and connections made in this essay focus on religion and reflect the idea that language is any system of formalized symbols, signs, sounds, gestures that are conceived as a means of communication thought or emotion Language itself operates in many different aspects in our world today and has played a remarkable role in social interactions through its influential power on society. Influential power is mainly evident in religion, advertising and the media because each social development forms a sudden desire for safety or acceptance within an individual because it influences us to behave, think, dress or adopt opinions that we can share with others. When discussing religion one most consider the opposing views of the varied beliefs and practices involved in different religions. However, the one thing

  • Word count: 1103
  • Level: International Baccalaureate
  • Subject: Theory of Knowledge
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What similarities and differences are there between historical and scientific explanations?

Theory of Knowledge Essay: Historical and Scientific Explanations RESEARCH QUESTION: What are similarities and differences are there between historical and scientific explanations? Candidate Name: Vladimir Nardin Candidate Number: czg494 003057-035 Center Number: 003057 Exam Session: May 2010 Session Word Count: 1529 What similarities and differences are there between historical and scientific explanations? In Theory of Knowledge, an explanation can be seen as a set of justification or reasons that accounts for the occurrence of an event/factor. The similarities and differences of scientific and historical have to analyzed and evaluated in the context of their origins, methodologies and inaccuracies regarding a specific factor/event. Furthermore, this can only concretized by the use of examples of different historical and scientific explanations. Essentially, historical explanations aim at understanding the unfolding of past events through the use of historiography (primary and secondary sources). In contrast, a scientific explanation through experiments and trial and error aims at explaining how the natural world around us functions presently. Even though both explications emanate from different areas of knowledge, scientific and historical explanations present a similar purpose of justifying ones belief regarding an event or factor. A fundamental similarity that

  • Word count: 1656
  • Level: International Baccalaureate
  • Subject: Theory of Knowledge
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TOK - Chatterbot

Conversation with Alan Can a machine online really understand the language of us human beings? Can we communicate with a machine whose answers are programmed and is understanding for what the words in a language means really enough? I'll take a look at that in this assignment by having a little chat with Alan, a chatterbot online. This is the first part of my conversation with Alan: Alan: Hello, my name is Alan. Chat with me by typing in the box below. Me: Hi Alan how are you? Alan: Hi there! What's up? Me: Not much just here chatting with you. What about you? Alan: If not that, what? Me: What do you mean? Alan: Is this new question a worthy one to investigate?" Me: If you think our conversation is worthy then yes I would think so. Alan: I think I do. Me: do what? Alan: Do whatever you want. I'll stop here. Now my opinion in how I see a normal conversation in my language (which is mostly Danish) is that one should always talk in a certain pattern when it is your first conversation. Yes boring as it is, it is also the truth. Human beings are like a machine just with feelings. We have boundaries and an understanding for what to say and what not to say when first talking to a person that we want to get to know. A pattern for this kind of conversation would normally be asking what the other person's name is and what they do in life and even how they are doing to

  • Word count: 682
  • Level: International Baccalaureate
  • Subject: Theory of Knowledge
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Choose two senses and explain how they have claims to knowledge.

TOK essay- sense perception. "All our knowledge is the offspring of our perceptions." LEONARDO DA VINCI, Thoughts on Art and Life There is only one aspect of life that all animals possess which enables them to acquire information about the outside world, even though the only ones capable of developing that information into knowledge are human beings, as we are the only living organisms with the ability to think and evaluate our situations; whereas other animals react by instinct or reflexes. We all know our 5 senses: sight, hearing, taste, touch and smell. As a knower, I can say that senses are the link between our body and the external world. They are the medium which we use in order to gain knowledge about what is happening outside us. In this essay I am going to talk about 2 out of the 5 known senses: sight and hearing - for those we use the eyes and ears as sensory devices-. As regards the sense of sight, many people claim that this is the most reliable sense of all. This is mainly because people believe that nothing can fool their sense of sight. If we see a car in front of us, we know that it is actually there. The same example can be applied to the slice of bread we might see in our daily breakfast. But how can we be sure that it is really there and that piece of bread is not just a mere image created by our own brain?, Taking into account that there is a really

  • Word count: 1037
  • Level: International Baccalaureate
  • Subject: Theory of Knowledge
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TOK- The Ways of Knowing

. Perception - The main reason why I positioned perception above the other four WOKs is because perception, among others, is the one tool that is absolutely necessary to gain knowledge. Regardless of how much knowledge of reasoning, emotion, or language you possess, it all revolves around the idea of perception. Perception, in my view, is the ability to understand various matters at ease, a skill which represents basis of the course. I believe it is perception that ultimately gives shape to ambiguous thoughts and develop them further as it allows you to more fully apprehend ideas. What is made out of perception, however, is strictly due to people's pasts. People see things differently based on what they've been through- how people perceive the same matter can range all the way from the extreme positive to the extreme negative depending on personal experience. Real- Life Example- The concept of "the half filled/ emptied bottle" is completely to do with perception. If a person has experienced hardship and struggled through it, that person will most likely say that it is half filled because he is gracious for everything he/she can get. In contrast, if a person who has enjoyed wealth throughout his/her life, he/she will more likely say that the bottle is half emptied because he/she can get whatever he/she wants without going through hardships. 2. Reason - Reasoning, the

  • Word count: 772
  • Level: International Baccalaureate
  • Subject: Theory of Knowledge
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3 truths

Tests for Truth . The issue of slavery was not the primary cause for the American Civil War. Correspondence Since the American Civil War was in the past it does not match my reality. There is no actual fact that can be checked to prove this. That would make the position false since fact cannot be proven. You must know what slavery was like and the time and what the civil war was. Coherence Since slavery was a part of the time period and an issue the proposition can be considered true. It fits in with the way I look at things. Pragmatic The position is not useful since it was in the past and doesn't affect my reality. It would be useful to know this if I was fighting in the Civil War to know what I was fighting for. Could be true, but not useful unless I'm writing a paper on the topic. I don't know I wasn't there doing the time. 2. It was the build-up toward WW2 that ended the Great depression more than any blueprint for economic recovery drawn up by the Roosevelt administration. Correspondence You must know what ww2 is. Must know what the great depression was and who Roosevelt was. The statement makes sense to my understanding, but the blueprint could have been only one part that ended the depression. There could be a group of reasons that caused this. It's too big of position to know the full truth. Coherence The WW2 buildup was a big deal during the time so it

  • Word count: 850
  • Level: International Baccalaureate
  • Subject: Theory of Knowledge
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Thoery of Knowledge Essay

"Different cultures have different truths". "A truth is that which can be accepted universally." What are the implications for knowledge in agreeing with these opposing statements? Jack Tomlinson Theory of Knowledge Word Count: 1300 6/04/09 When first approaching these statements it appears as though they are contradictory, as they seem to convey two conflicting ideas of truth. The first statement relates to the idea of relativism, which simply refers to the belief that what is true is that which is accepted by one´s culture or community, whereas the second statement relates mainly to the idea of absolutism, which refers to an argument that claims that a statement is either completely true, or completely false, leaving nothing in between. The statements are in direct conflict with each other by means that the first leads us to imply that each individual culture has its own set of truths which do not have to be in correlation with other cultures truths, while the second directly contradicts the first by stating that nature of truth allows it to flow through all barriers (including the barrier of culture), making it universally acceptable. The implication for knowledge, if we agree with these conflicting statements, is the realization that cultural beliefs/truths are not automatically equivalent to universal truths and allows for an additional understanding of the ethical

  • Word count: 1316
  • Level: International Baccalaureate
  • Subject: Theory of Knowledge
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