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International Baccalaureate: World Literature

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  • Peer Reviewed essays 10
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  5. 61
  1. Peer reviewed

    Critical Analysis of After Apple Picking by Robert Frost

    5 star(s)

    I shall try to give my own: The name of the poem itself is intriguing and somewhat ominous. The decision to call it "After Apple Picking" is telling. The use of the term after conveys a sense of ambiguity and finality- it refers to an obscure period after a definite action. The poem is thus set up as an ambiguous one. Furthermore, the "apple" is introduced as a principal image in the poem. Thus readers are led to visualize the consequences of apple picking and to anticipate the metaphorical allusion of "Apple Picking", readied for the ambiguity of the indeterminate "After".

    • Word count: 2663
  2. Peer reviewed

    King Lear Passage Analysis Act IV, Scene 7 (lines 26 - 69)

    5 star(s)

    A touching reconciliation between Cordelia and Lear is seen. Lear is dressed in royal robes and is carried to Cordelia while asleep. I will be analysing three aspects of this extract - The characterisation of Cordelia - The portrayal of Lear's restoration (both physical and mental) - The depiction of Cordelia and Lear's reconcilliation Characterisation of Cordelia This extract further the positive portrayal of Cordelia in Act 1 Scene 1 as the paragon of virtue. Here she is shown to be the perfect daughter, dispelling Lear's earlier characterisation of her as "so young and so untender" (I,1).

    • Word count: 1636
  3. Peer reviewed

    Comparison of emma and charls in madame bovary

    4 star(s)

    Charles had a mother that loved him immensely and would spoil him rotten, whereas Emma lost her mother at a very young age when she was at a convent for her studies. Charles cared truly of his mother as when he was in boarding school he would write a letter to her once a week telling her everything that he was experiencing, as for Emma she really never actually cared, and upon the death of he mother she took it as an opportunity to feel sentimental and be melodramatic like in the novels she would read.

    • Word count: 1714
  4. Peer reviewed

    The Stark effects of being absurd in society- The Outsider

    4 star(s)

    His indifference leads him to be condemned by a trial. In the early stages of the book Meursault is seen as an adverse individual towards society, one who speaks his consciousness. Camus creates a paradoxical character against the normality of society, which brings out stark differences through the use of Meursault's ability to state facts. This narrative effect can be seen from the opening passage, "Mother died today. Or maybe yesterday; I don't know. I had a telegram from home: 'Mother passed away. Funeral tomorrow. Yours sincerely.' That doesn't mean anything.

    • Word count: 1224
  5. Peer reviewed

    Portrayal of colonisers and the colonised in Joseph Conrads Heart of Darkness

    3 star(s)

    The reason was because of a misunderstanding about some hence. The Danish man is, or rather was, described as " the gentlest, quietest creature that ever walked on two legs". This statement makes it even more clear how much the coloniser was marked by being in a colony and how many of them went from being absolutely normal to become crazy. Another example of this can be exemplified by the doctor who examines Marlowe when he is going out to work in the colony. He says that most of the men he examines never return, that they disappears out there.

    • Word count: 1656
  6. Peer reviewed

    Character development of Shukhov in One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich

    3 star(s)

    As his life starts to move on, his carriers and thinking also changes with respect to his position. Then he became soldier of the Second World War but after that he could not go to his free living life of farmers and captured by Germans. Now, the life and thinking of Shukhov is in the hands of the authority of the special camp. His life is totally changed, he does not think about his life and does not plan what he have to do for the next day. He is even no longer free to think. 1"During his years in prisons and camps he'd lost his habit of planning for the next day, for a year ahead, for supporting his family.

    • Word count: 1739
  7. Peer reviewed

    Death of a Salesman. Many symbols are included in the play. The tennis racquet, the seeds and the house are some of these symbols.

    3 star(s)

    The tennis racquet, the seeds and the house are some of these symbols. The tennis racquet which w***y observes is an obvious representation of Bernard's success and Biff's failure. Biff and Happy, who hope to make a fortune out of selling sports equipment, are revolving their lives around sport. Ironically, Bernard, who stood on the sidelines in high school while Biff played sports, now owns the tennis racquet. After spending a lifetime pursuing the unsuccessful American dream, w***y realises he has never left behind any accomplishments for his children in his name. The seeds represent the legacy that w***y will never leave with his family.

    • Word count: 629
  8. Peer reviewed

    How do Medea and Hedda Gabler combine tradition and unconventionality within their roles as women in a constraining society?

    3 star(s)

    Right at the beginning of the play when the Nurse, who is privy to all domestic events, describes the couple's serene and idyllic cohabitation: Medea had "come with Jason and her children to live here... in Corinth; where, coming as an exile, she has earned... the citizens' welcome; while to Jason she is all... obedience-and in marriage that's the saving thing... when a wife obediently accepts her husband's will." This in itself does not show an unconventional occurrence, in fact, Medea winning the approval of the people of Corinth just goes to show how well she did fit the mould of a traditional Greek wife; otherwise she would not have integrated into the Corinthian society so successfully.

    • Word count: 1995
  9. Peer reviewed

    Analysis of an extract from Chapter 3 of Arundhati Roy's "The God of Small Things".

    Firstly , I'm going to talk to you about Baba's alcoholism . My second part deals with s****l harrasment . Later , the third part is about the divorce As I Said before on my summary , this part is concentrates on Alcoholism . It may be asserted that Baba Is in a very bad state because of the Alcohol . One of the most striking features is Baba's description lines 46 '' Ammu was repelled by the medicinal smell of stale alcohol that seeped though his skin , and the dry , caked vomit that encrusted his mouth like a pie every morning .''

    • Word count: 1632
  10. Free essay

    Medea Reflection. When I first read the play Medea, I did not have any sort of sympathy for Medea herself.

    When read without any historical context in mind, it seems as if they will be a good couple, love at first sight; analyses like these come into mind. But after reviewing the historical context, we need to remember that men had not respect for women in ancient Greece times, they regarded them as worthless. While learning this information, I had an epiphany that I should have realized the bad circumstances that are about to fall upon Medea from the first couple of lines.

    • Word count: 467
  11. Mrquez's Use of Narrative and its Impacts on A Chronicle of a Death Foretold

    Due to this type of structure that M�rquez uses, the reader constantly questions the reliability of the narrator; what is real and what isn't. From the first few pages, M�rquez subjects the reader to the unreliability of the narrator and even gives the narrator he uses a voice of an investigator who is unable to recall events correctly. Due to the continual contradictions that occur through the book, the reader is powerless to know which detail is correct and which is false.

    • Word count: 1355
  12. Faulkner's The Sound and the Fury: New Ideas or Common Belief?

    Most may believe that this quote signifies a negative aspect, when actually it could be a symbol for hope. Although almost everything from Dilsey's life has been taken away from her she is still alive-not beaten. This is compared to Mrs. Compson. While Dilsey is a black woman, in a time where blacks were not considered real human beings, Mrs. Compson is from a once great Southern family. Despite Dilsey being in these conditions she continues to fight and live her life, caring for the Compson home and being a mother-like figure to the children.

    • Word count: 877
  13. The Symbolism of Water inHemingway's "The Sun Also Rises"

    Throughout The Sun Also Rises the reader has the point of view of Jake Barnes. Jake is in love with a woman named Lady Brett Ashley, who is a nymphomaniac, meaning she is addicted to s*x. Brett Ashley is said to be a Catholic, although she did not seem very devout to her religion. Brett repeatedly says that she "must bathe" (Hemingway 80). For instance, when Brett comes back from San Sebastian, where she has a brief affair with Cohn, she tells Jake that she can't go out to eat with him and Bill because she "must clean herself" (80).

    • Word count: 543
  14. "Glass Menagerie" and "The Final Passage". Compare and Contrast ways in which you consider your two chosen writers to explore the theme of escape and its effects on others.

    The second aspect is a psychological conception of escape and thus exists purely in the mind of an individual. Whether or not one possesses this form of escape is purely dependent upon how free an individual feels within his or her own mind. So essentially, if one feels free, they have escaped emotionally. Differentiating between these two aspects of escape is important because it details its complexity allowing us to explore it in its entirety. The socio-historical contexts of the texts are also a key consideration when exploring the theme of escape as this often compromises the ability of the characters to unshackle themselves from their circumstances.

    • Word count: 2468
  15. Are different voices used to express thoughts and feelings in the poems of Rilke? What effect do these voices have on your responses to the poems?

    Rilke in his poem, Before Summer Rain, cleverly embeds a narrative voice to express the "faded tapestries" of his past. The poem is four stanzas long, where the first two stanzas have four verses and the last two only have three verses. The poem begins, just as a story of a rainy day, and the author physically describes the surroundings, such as the cry of a "plover".

    • Word count: 482
  16. The play Fireflies, written by Suzue Toshiro and directed by Ricardo G. Abad, was successful in presenting its theme by the use of its dramatic elements.

    Tomoyo is lonely because Nakagawa does not, or can not, "see into [her] heart," which makes Tomoyo think Nakagawa regards her as a mere "s*x partner" and that she really can't depend on him to be her boyfriend because she can confide in him, or treat him as a regular boyfriend simply because of the fact that he does not understand her feelings. They are disconnected from each other in that way. This puts Tomoyo in the difficult position to choose whether she's willing to hold on to him for the purpose of just having a relationship, or whether she will take the risk, leave him, and satisfy her emotional need elsewhere.

    • Word count: 1390
  17. Keiths account of his friendship with Stephen and his family relationships using the bayonet scene from Chapter 10 as a starting point.

    In his place existed a shell, a shadow of his former self. In all honesty all I felt for the old bean now was pity. For he is and always was my inferior. Leaving the confines of the hideout for what I knew would be the last time I felt yet more regrets pile up inside me. As I entered the fresh air I felt a cool breeze wash over me, its intoxicating aroma overcoming me, dampening my senses. As if on auto pilot I began to march towards my house. My legs moved of their own accord bringing me closer to what I was to become.

    • Word count: 1001
  18. Commentary on Change in Poe's "The Raven".

    This can symbolize how human cannot control his or her self especially about love. It is evident that Lenore is someone that the narrator loved or still loves. In this poem, Lenore can be the most important character than the Raven because she was the reason that the narrator was up until midnight to stop thinking about her and forget Lenore. When he describes why he is reading books to surcease the sorrow which is the "sorrow for the lost Lenore".

    • Word count: 533
  19. IB MYP Essay on Macbeth and Unchecked ambition

    But as the play progresses, we see a change in Macbeth after killing King Duncan. Another example of a change in Macbeth's personality is that in the past Macbeth was not willing to take action. In Act 1 Scene 7, Lady Macbeth tries to convince Macbeth to kill King Duncan but Macbeth refuses. Eventually Lady Macbeth wears him down and Macbeth agrees but Macbeth refusing to commit the crimes shows that Macbeth has morals and good hearted man. But when Macbeth achieves the throne, Macbeth becomes a greedy man who l**t for power.

    • Word count: 956
  20. Literary Analysis for "Heidi With Blue Hair".

    Heidi also gives me the impression of being a stubborn girl. The poet wrote in stanza four of the poem that when Heidi's father called the school to speak up for Heidi and told them that "we (Heidi and her father) checked the rules", Heidi told him that "anyway, Dad, it cost twenty-five dollars. Tell them it won't wash out - not even if I wanted to try". These show that even after Heidi was sent home from school because of her dyed ultramarine hair, she was still unrepentant of what she had done and did not feel that she was in the wrong.

    • Word count: 1127
  21. An Examination of the diametric display of pride in Sophocless Antigone

    When we look at the two characters, we can see the difference between a life and death of honor, and a life and death of shame. Sophocles uses tragic hero's ar�te, at�, hamartia, and hubris to show the insights of the conflict and ultimately communicate his belief of making right decisions. Creon is an excellent example of how a character can be brought down by his own hubris because he is incredibly arrogant. His arrogance causes him to make an erroneous decision regarding Antigone and her convictions.

    • Word count: 1623
  22. Poem Commentary on "before summer rain" by Rainer Maria Rilke

    Just from the title to the first line there is a shift in tempo, the pleasant title opposed to the fast first line, not only surprises the reader, but immediately grasps their attention. The poem is four stanzas long, with four verses in the first two stanzas and then only three verses in the third and fourth stanzas. The one less verse in the third and fourth stanzas provides further meaning to the theme. For instance in the first and second stanza the reader is forced into the poem with a fast tempo, "feel it creeping closer", showing the anxiety building up and up while the storm encroaches.

    • Word count: 1100
  23. In the novel, The Namesake, by the author Jhumpa Lahiri, there is a difference in tone between two key passages, one in chapter four and the other in chapter five. The shift in tone from the narrative voice reveals a deeper meaning to Gogols name.

    The usage of the word has a harsh sounding colour that gives the impression of anguish and annoyance. However in chapter five the diction used represents a new beginning and an enlightened Gogol. Gogol's father tells him the meaning of his name, "bound up with a catastrophe he has unwittingly embodied for years" (338). The usage of "embodied" symbolises the triumph achieved to eventually understanding his name. The diction can also allude to this journey Gogol has struggled with to finding his namesake, and he has finally "embodied" his true form.

    • Word count: 762
  24. Analysis of "Fiela's Child". Detailed Analysis of a Passage:Characterisation of Elias Van Rooyen

    Not even a wretched dog just walked off like that". By Elias denying to himself that Lukas might not be coming, the reader realises that Elias is worried. The imagery of "wretched dog" gives the bitter words Elias is feeling, perhaps because he is beginning to feel scared that Lukas will not come. Through the use of negative definition, the reader can see Elias's worry and anger beginning to show, "Not Lukas, ... believed it of Kristoffel even, but not Lukas".

    • Word count: 871
  25. Comparing Camus' "The Stranger" to Orwell's "1984"

    He abandons all hope for the future and accepts the "gentle indifference of the world." This acceptance makes him feel happy. This story can be easily related to the book 1984 by George Orwell as in 1984 Big Brother tries to control everyone's thoughts and essentially turns them into his slaves. It doesn't matter to the Big Brother if the people of Oceana live or die. This makes their life have no meaning just like in "the stranger" Meursault thinks that the human existence has no meaning.

    • Word count: 1929

"The world is a book, and those who do not travel read only a page"

-St. Augustine

If you loved Crime and Punishment, and your favourite books tend to be those that transport you to faraway places, then you'll probably enjoy the world literature component of IB English Literature. The course teaches you to analyse literary works from many different time periods and cultures, so you'll get the chance to read translated literature alongside English literature.

To do well, you'll need to be able to construct complicated literary arguments in writing. If you would like some practice first, study Marked by Teachers collection of student-submitted IB world literature essays. The teacher-annotated papers will give you all the tools you need to earn top marks: you'll soon see the difference in your writing.

Students who excel in this course should consider studying English literature or a modern foreign language at the university level. When applying to these courses, having good marks in higher level English will be very helpful indeed.


Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Disgrace. Compare and contrast David and Lucys reaction to the attack in chapters 12 to 14

    "To conclude I would say that David and Lucy's reaction to the attacks could not contrast more. Where David appeared to be scared and Lucy put on the brave front, David was the one who was strong for them both, going to the market etc, whereas Lucy was finding life after the attack very difficult, 'her thumb in her mouth like a child.' However, Lucy does not want the attack to be known to the public, she wants to move on, forget the past, but David wanted revenge on the attackers. Lucy's attitude towards the attack suggests that she felt guilty for the mistreatment of blacks and felt this was her punishment, whereas David's beliefs that change shouldn't happen were stressed by the attack."

  • To what extent does Ibsens Hedda Gabler update the conventions of Greek tragedy that can be found in Euripides Medea?

    "To conclude, throughout this essay I have attempted to show and explain how Ibsen, in his play Hedda Gabler, has updated and twisted the conventions of Greek tragedy that can be found within Euripides' classic tragedy Medea. I have examined how the death of Hedda, in particular the location and reaction to it, utilises and manipulates convention to create drama and enable the audience to draw their own conclusion from the action. The nature of the Thespian Loevborg, and how Hedda lives through him, shows how Medea's character has been twisted and changed, that Hedda is no longer seeking revenge and equality, in the perhaps two dimensional Euripidean world that Medea inhabits, but also control and success. I believe that there are many ways in which Ibsen has updated the conventions of Greek tragedy, and that it is the use of farce throughout that presents this text as a truly modernised Greek tragedy. 1 Ibsen, Henrick, Hedda Gabler, Methuen Drama Student Editions, 2002 Methuen Publishing Ltd. P. 76. 2 Hedda Gabler, p. 99 3 Euripides, Medea, Cambridge University Press 1999, l.840 4 Hedda Gabler, p. 45 5 Medea l.298 6 Hedda Gabler, p. 37 7 Hedda Gabler, p. 104 8 Medea, l. 88 9 Hedda Gabler, p. 64 10 Medea, l. 398 11 Hedda Gabler p. 95 12 Hedda Gabler p. 99 C. Wild"

  • Who do you think is responsible for Gregor's fate? To what extent do you think he is responsible?

    "Mr. Samsa lacks the qualities of a caring father, which is the central reason for Gregor's death. With enormous responsibilities at a young age, his life even before the metamorphosis is the life of a beetle. Much of this has a lot of to do with Kafka's strained relationship with his own father, who he describes as "huge, selfish, (and an) overbearing businessman," in his Letter to his father. Although this is not the reason why Kafka died, it sure is the reason why Gregor dies."

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