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International Baccalaureate: World Literature

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  • Peer Reviewed essays 10
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  5. 28
  1. Peer reviewed

    King Lear Passage Analysis Act IV, Scene 7 (lines 26 - 69)

    5 star(s)

    A touching reconciliation between Cordelia and Lear is seen. Lear is dressed in royal robes and is carried to Cordelia while asleep. I will be analysing three aspects of this extract - The characterisation of Cordelia - The portrayal of Lear's restoration (both physical and mental) - The depiction of Cordelia and Lear's reconcilliation Characterisation of Cordelia This extract further the positive portrayal of Cordelia in Act 1 Scene 1 as the paragon of virtue. Here she is shown to be the perfect daughter, dispelling Lear's earlier characterisation of her as "so young and so untender" (I,1).

    • Word count: 1636
  2. Peer reviewed

    Comparison of emma and charls in madame bovary

    4 star(s)

    Charles had a mother that loved him immensely and would spoil him rotten, whereas Emma lost her mother at a very young age when she was at a convent for her studies. Charles cared truly of his mother as when he was in boarding school he would write a letter to her once a week telling her everything that he was experiencing, as for Emma she really never actually cared, and upon the death of he mother she took it as an opportunity to feel sentimental and be melodramatic like in the novels she would read.

    • Word count: 1714
  3. Peer reviewed

    The Stark effects of being absurd in society- The Outsider

    4 star(s)

    His indifference leads him to be condemned by a trial. In the early stages of the book Meursault is seen as an adverse individual towards society, one who speaks his consciousness. Camus creates a paradoxical character against the normality of society, which brings out stark differences through the use of Meursault's ability to state facts. This narrative effect can be seen from the opening passage, "Mother died today. Or maybe yesterday; I don't know. I had a telegram from home: 'Mother passed away. Funeral tomorrow. Yours sincerely.' That doesn't mean anything.

    • Word count: 1224
  4. Peer reviewed

    Portrayal of colonisers and the colonised in Joseph Conrads Heart of Darkness

    3 star(s)

    The reason was because of a misunderstanding about some hence. The Danish man is, or rather was, described as " the gentlest, quietest creature that ever walked on two legs". This statement makes it even more clear how much the coloniser was marked by being in a colony and how many of them went from being absolutely normal to become crazy. Another example of this can be exemplified by the doctor who examines Marlowe when he is going out to work in the colony. He says that most of the men he examines never return, that they disappears out there.

    • Word count: 1656
  5. Peer reviewed

    Character development of Shukhov in One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich

    3 star(s)

    As his life starts to move on, his carriers and thinking also changes with respect to his position. Then he became soldier of the Second World War but after that he could not go to his free living life of farmers and captured by Germans. Now, the life and thinking of Shukhov is in the hands of the authority of the special camp. His life is totally changed, he does not think about his life and does not plan what he have to do for the next day. He is even no longer free to think. 1"During his years in prisons and camps he'd lost his habit of planning for the next day, for a year ahead, for supporting his family.

    • Word count: 1739
  6. Peer reviewed

    How do Medea and Hedda Gabler combine tradition and unconventionality within their roles as women in a constraining society?

    3 star(s)

    Right at the beginning of the play when the Nurse, who is privy to all domestic events, describes the couple's serene and idyllic cohabitation: Medea had "come with Jason and her children to live here... in Corinth; where, coming as an exile, she has earned... the citizens' welcome; while to Jason she is all... obedience-and in marriage that's the saving thing... when a wife obediently accepts her husband's will." This in itself does not show an unconventional occurrence, in fact, Medea winning the approval of the people of Corinth just goes to show how well she did fit the mould of a traditional Greek wife; otherwise she would not have integrated into the Corinthian society so successfully.

    • Word count: 1995
  7. Peer reviewed

    Analysis of an extract from Chapter 3 of Arundhati Roy's "The God of Small Things".

    Firstly , I'm going to talk to you about Baba's alcoholism . My second part deals with s****l harrasment . Later , the third part is about the divorce As I Said before on my summary , this part is concentrates on Alcoholism . It may be asserted that Baba Is in a very bad state because of the Alcohol . One of the most striking features is Baba's description lines 46 '' Ammu was repelled by the medicinal smell of stale alcohol that seeped though his skin , and the dry , caked vomit that encrusted his mouth like a pie every morning .''

    • Word count: 1632
  8. Two amazing films Chocolat and Babettes Feast reveal the importance and magical power of food and cooking.

    I noticed that both women use the same spice for every meal they cook - it is Love. There is a saying that if woman cooks with love, meal has a different and heavenly taste. Vianne Rocher and her daughter, Anouk came to a small French town and brought wind of changes. However, as I understood they were moving from one town to another pretty often and little girl was not happy about it. She was tired of packing, unpacking, changing schools and friends; all she wanted just to settle down in a one place. I enjoyed the way wind brought changes.

    • Word count: 1177
  9. Flannery OConnors Everything That Rises Must Converge is written during her final phase of life. This short story relates the inner most feelings of Julian, the protagonist, to the world.

    The children joyfully scream, "We've had an ACCIDENT" and in disappointment, June Starr said, "But nobody's killed" (454). Another example in "Good Country People", Joy-Hulga, who thinks she is superior to her family, has an unexpected connection with Manly, the Bible salesman. Developing a trusted connection she gives him her wooden leg, which he then steals, leaving her in a barn alone and ashamed. Familiar encounters are found in O'Connor's works, in which her characters are reminded of someone they know, but at first, can't recall. Julian has a familiar encounter with the African American woman gets on the bus.

    • Word count: 1086
  10. In the short stories Killings by Andre Dubus and By-and-by by Amy Bloom, the authors demonstrate the effect of grief on their characters.

    Matt found himself to be lifeless and disembodied as soon as he killed his son's murderer Richard Strout. Killing Richard was only to help his wife to be able to deal with her grief. With this goal fulfilled he had to sufferer through his own guilt that he had ignored. Even though he ignored it the reader was made very aware of what was going on through his mind. Throughout the story he describes mundane fall scenery such as the dead leaves on the forest floor. The way that the trees look is used in a metaphorical way to illustrate Matt's state.

    • Word count: 1051
  11. Understanding Society's False Reverence in "A Hero of our Time" by Mikhail Lermonto.v

    This cyclic inverse relationship between Maxim's decreasing physical movement and his increasingly pessimistic views reveal Lermentov's criticism of society's distorted reverence of Pechorin. In the beginning of Maxim Maximich, Maxim's initial dynamic movements reveals his overly optimistic and romantic view of Pechorin. When Maxim encountered the unnamed narrator after parting their separate ways earlier they "greeted each other like long lost friends" and Maxim "went so far as top slap [the unnamed narrator] on the back" (44). The action of slapping someone on the back is usually reserved for good friends, and the action is very affectionate.

    • Word count: 1296
  12. Free essay

    Sheikh Darwish's Role as the Prophet of Change in Mahfouz's Midaq Alley

    Interestingly enough, the tenants of the alley accepted him immediately. Mysticism has deep roots in Middle-Eastern culture. In the Q'uran, the prophet Mohammed is found wandering in the desert before he is brought to civilization by the grace of good-willed people. The coincidence is eerily similar and the likelihood that people would wholeheartedly take in a total stranger offs little other reasoning. Rather than paying the residents of the alley with tangible possessions such as money or labor, Sheikh Darwish returns their hospitality by acting as a vessel of faith, a way to receive communication from God.

    • Word count: 1506
  13. Physical Activity in "A Hero of Our Time", by Mikhail Lermentov

    When Maxim initially hears of Pechorin's coming, his forceful physical movement symbolizes his falsely romantic view of his friendship with Pechorin. In response to the news, Maxim "went so far as to slap [the narrator] on the back" (44). The motion of slapping on the back, a common display of affection among friends, shows Maxim's excitement at the thought of Pechorin. Maxim is giving this affectionate display to the narrator, whom he has just met, revealing Maxim's and thus the public's overly optimistic view of Pechorin.

    • Word count: 1337
  14. Romaticism and the view of nature of Wordworth and Keats

    This essay is relating to the treatment of nature by these two poets. NATURE AS A TEACHER. Both Keats's and Wordsworth regarded nature to be the best teacher in their poems. In The Tables turned Wordsworth writes. "let nature be your teacher, she has a world of ready wealth, our minds and heart to bless". He said that mortality and wisdom are best sought in nature. Wordsworth portrayed nature to be mankind's best moral teacher and ultimate guide. In Tintern abbey he writes" "And the blue sky, and in the mind of man; A motion and a spirit, that impels"

    • Word count: 1314
  15. Elizabeth Barrett Browning Sonnet XLIII Commentary

    The second part of line 1, "Let me count the ways" implies that throughout the next 13 lines, she will list various ways in which she adores her beloved fianc�. Line 2 and the first part of line 3 act as one idea, and they read, "I love thee to the depth and breadth and height my soul can reach." Through this line, Browning has begun to list the ways that she loves Robert Browning. She repeats the phrase "I love thee" to emphasize once again her deep passion for her beloved, as well as to answer the question "How do I love thee?"

    • Word count: 1296
  16. Pablo Neruda 100 Love Sonnets Afternoon Section Analysis

    He writes of their "nomadic kisses," indicating to his readers that they had been traveling, but now he and his dearest return home, "like two blind birds... to their nest in a distant spring" (Sonnet XXXIII, pg. 73). Here, his use of simile draws a comparison between he and Matilde and two blind birds that find their nest. The fact that the birds are unable to see yet are still able to find their distant nest shows that although Neruda and Matilde may have been away for a while, they shall not have trouble rediscovering their home and falling back into their daily routine.

    • Word count: 1521
  17. A comparative essay on Othello and Macbeth

    In Macbeth and Othello, both Macbeth and Iago have a desire to reach a higher goal in life. Iago wants to become the lieutenant of the Venetian general and Macbeth wants to become king of Scotland. Both characters will stop at nothing to reach their goals. Macbeth and his wife decide that they will kill the king of Scotland in order for Macbeth to take over the crown. Macbeth however is influenced by his wife, who persuades him to kill king Duncan, but Macbeth is a good person because he does not want to let "light see my black and deep desires."

    • Word count: 1130
  18. Paralysis Essay. Edith Wharton's Ethan Frome was published during 1911. Zeena's cousin Maddie Silver, made a new spark in Ethan Frome's life by caring and loving him,

    Money has always been a problem for Ethan and Zeena throughout their life. "Why, you told me yesterday you'd fixed it up with him to pay cash down. You said that was why couldn't drive me over to Flats. Ethan had no suppleness in deceiving. He had never before been convicted of a lie, and all the resources of evasion failed him. "I guess that was a misunderstanding," he stammered."(99/21-27) Ethan lied to his wife Zeena, because of he wants time with Maddie. Then when Zeena did not receive the money that Ethan told her than he will get, he told her she may misunderstood.

    • Word count: 1612
  19. Khaled Hosseini's "The Kite Runner" portrays many issues of conflict. Choose four examples of conflict and discuss how they contribute to the success of the novel.

    first night in Jalalabad "That was the first night I became an insomniac" This highlights that his guilt has surpassed the troubled feeling in his mind and reached a point where it has started to have negative effects on his physical self. The reader is able to commiserate with Amir when he agrees to travel to the war-stricken land of Afghanistan to bring back Sohrab. "I did something I had done twenty-six years earlier: I planted a fistful of crumpled money under the mattress."

    • Word count: 1461
  20. Woman at Point Zero by Nawal el Saadawi and Like Water for Chocolate by Laura Esquivel. Compare the ways in which the writers have used narrative point of view to develop their works.

    In Saadawi's work the oppression is embedded within the Islamic traditions as well as the lack of gender equality. In Esquivel's work there is an obvious lack of gender equality, however the aspect of traditional oppression that most affects Tita, is the burden of family tradition. In Saadawi's novel, hyperbole is used to accentuate the inequality, which the Egyptian women face. Through this hyperbole el Saadawi is able to communicate the harshness of society to the reader. (example of hyperbole here) In Esquivel's work, hyperbole is used to emphasise the point and capture the reader's attention. "The house became a battlefield.

    • Word count: 1272
  21. Oedipus. Sophocles constructs this play in a way that captivates the audiences attention, even if the audience already knows the final outcome. How does he achieve such dramatic suspense?

    In Oedipus the king, dramatic irony was used as a tool to develop the play. It develops the play through misery towards Oedipus, creating suspense. It's used to create suspense because even though the readers know about the prophecies of Oedipus and what his fate has made him do, the readers don't know how he will react when he finds out that the prophecies aren't wrong. Well, according to him he thinks that he proved them wrong but the readers know that he hasn't and that he is unaware of it.

    • Word count: 1084
  22. Macbeth. "In drama there are more interesting roles for men than for women." Discuss to what extent you agree with this statement and what it is that makes a role interesting.

    Therefore, she persuaded Macbeth to kill Duncan, if she didn't persuade him he might have not killed Duncan which means he might have not got murdered by Macduff. When she tried to persuade Macbeth to kill Duncan and he hesitated she questioned his manhood. In Act 1 she said " When you durst do it, then you were a man; And to be more than what you were, you would Be so much more the man." Which shows that she knew this will make him want to prove his manhood by committing the murder, this was how she eventually managed to manipulate Macbeth to commit the murder.

    • Word count: 1892
  23. A comparative study of the s****l and emotional dependence Bayardo San Romn and Esteban Trueba have on Angela Vicario in Chronicle of a Death Foretold and Trnsito Soto in The House of the Spirits.

    Meanwhile, Bayardo San Rom�n in Chronicle of a death Foretold spoils Angela Vicario with gifts, thinking that his generous nature will make her fall in love with him. His love for Angela topples when Bayardo finds out, the night of their wedding, that she is no longer a virgin, something that was supposedly taken by Santiago Nassar. Esteban Trueba and Bayardo San Rom�n's actions in each of the novels are driven by women's s****l and emotional influence, further revealing that men in society are not always the dominant figures.

    • Word count: 1269
  24. A Presentation on the Symbolism of Fog in the Novel One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest

    This symbolism is universal and can be applied to many historical contexts as well. The fog in the novel is an accurate gauge of Bromden's mindset throughout the plot and the evolution of the patients from being the oppressed mass to empowered human beings. Let us first look at what exactly the fog is and it's symbolic meaning. Bromden sporadically describes a quaint fog and fog machine that comes and goes throughout the story, especially the beginning. "They start the fog machine again and it's...so thick I might even be able to hide in it if they didn't have a hold on me."

    • Word count: 1682
  25. Money and Happiness:Neither in de Maupassants The Necklace, nor in Ibsens A Dolls House, did money bring happiness to people. Even less can it be said about Dostoevskys Crime and Punishment.

    She was a great success and became the lady of the evening in her fancy dress and necklace, but there was a price she had to pay. Because Mathilde had lost the necklace, she had to replace it, at the cost that brought her family's budget to ruin. It took years of hard work for Mathilde and her husband to finally be able to repay the debts: "She came to know what heavy housework meant and the odious cares of the kitchen.

    • Word count: 1531

"The world is a book, and those who do not travel read only a page"

-St. Augustine

If you loved Crime and Punishment, and your favourite books tend to be those that transport you to faraway places, then you'll probably enjoy the world literature component of IB English Literature. The course teaches you to analyse literary works from many different time periods and cultures, so you'll get the chance to read translated literature alongside English literature.

To do well, you'll need to be able to construct complicated literary arguments in writing. If you would like some practice first, study Marked by Teachers collection of student-submitted IB world literature essays. The teacher-annotated papers will give you all the tools you need to earn top marks: you'll soon see the difference in your writing.

Students who excel in this course should consider studying English literature or a modern foreign language at the university level. When applying to these courses, having good marks in higher level English will be very helpful indeed.


Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Disgrace. Compare and contrast David and Lucys reaction to the attack in chapters 12 to 14

    "To conclude I would say that David and Lucy's reaction to the attacks could not contrast more. Where David appeared to be scared and Lucy put on the brave front, David was the one who was strong for them both, going to the market etc, whereas Lucy was finding life after the attack very difficult, 'her thumb in her mouth like a child.' However, Lucy does not want the attack to be known to the public, she wants to move on, forget the past, but David wanted revenge on the attackers. Lucy's attitude towards the attack suggests that she felt guilty for the mistreatment of blacks and felt this was her punishment, whereas David's beliefs that change shouldn't happen were stressed by the attack."

  • To what extent does Ibsens Hedda Gabler update the conventions of Greek tragedy that can be found in Euripides Medea?

    "To conclude, throughout this essay I have attempted to show and explain how Ibsen, in his play Hedda Gabler, has updated and twisted the conventions of Greek tragedy that can be found within Euripides' classic tragedy Medea. I have examined how the death of Hedda, in particular the location and reaction to it, utilises and manipulates convention to create drama and enable the audience to draw their own conclusion from the action. The nature of the Thespian Loevborg, and how Hedda lives through him, shows how Medea's character has been twisted and changed, that Hedda is no longer seeking revenge and equality, in the perhaps two dimensional Euripidean world that Medea inhabits, but also control and success. I believe that there are many ways in which Ibsen has updated the conventions of Greek tragedy, and that it is the use of farce throughout that presents this text as a truly modernised Greek tragedy. 1 Ibsen, Henrick, Hedda Gabler, Methuen Drama Student Editions, 2002 Methuen Publishing Ltd. P. 76. 2 Hedda Gabler, p. 99 3 Euripides, Medea, Cambridge University Press 1999, l.840 4 Hedda Gabler, p. 45 5 Medea l.298 6 Hedda Gabler, p. 37 7 Hedda Gabler, p. 104 8 Medea, l. 88 9 Hedda Gabler, p. 64 10 Medea, l. 398 11 Hedda Gabler p. 95 12 Hedda Gabler p. 99 C. Wild"

  • Who do you think is responsible for Gregor's fate? To what extent do you think he is responsible?

    "Mr. Samsa lacks the qualities of a caring father, which is the central reason for Gregor's death. With enormous responsibilities at a young age, his life even before the metamorphosis is the life of a beetle. Much of this has a lot of to do with Kafka's strained relationship with his own father, who he describes as "huge, selfish, (and an) overbearing businessman," in his Letter to his father. Although this is not the reason why Kafka died, it sure is the reason why Gregor dies."

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