• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In what ways and to what effect have physical and/or spiritual journeys been presented in di Lampedusas The Leopard and Macleods No Great Mischief?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In what ways and to what effect have physical and/or spiritual journeys been presented in works by at least two writers? Kimberley Chow Journeys have played a prominent role within literature for centuries; writers not only use the depiction of the journey itself but the reasons for the trip as a means of conveying meaning in their novels. In di Lampedusa?s The Leopard and Macleod?s No Great Mischief both writers use physical journeys, in particular those undertaken by the protagonists, for similar purposes: to illuminate aspects of character, to powerfully and memorably develop thematic concerns as well as in the movement of the plot. While there are numerous journeys in both novels, perhaps the most significant ones in terms of enhancing the writers? messages are the journey to Donnafugata undertaken by the Prince in The Leopard and Alexander?s regular journeys to visit his eldest brother Calum in No Great Mischief. Journeys are employed in both The Leopard and No Great Mischief in order to convey in a striking and powerful manner aspects of character. In The Leopard di Lampedusa uses the Prince of Salina?s journey through the inexorable Sicilian interior to the Salina country estate in Donnafugata in chapter two to explore the sense of death that permeates his character. On the third night of his trip to Donnafugata, the Prince ?finds himself comparing this ghastly journey with his own life?. ...read more.

Middle

As Alexander describes in first person narration, they are like ?two tired boxers? Each giving and seeking the support of the other? and by visiting the decrepit backstreets of Toronto Alexander embarks, through the route of memories which Calum evoke, on a journey of self-discovery. In both novels, the physical journeys undertaken by the protagonists are in fact representative of spiritual journeys. While the arduous and ?funereal? trip to Donnafugata is representative of the Prince?s slow but steady movement towards death, the journey made by Alexander from the ?quiet affluence of his home? to visit his brother symbolises his yearning to reconnect with his family?s traditional past, and in doing so to gain a greater understanding of himself. Journeys are not only employed to vividly reveal aspects of character but are also used to invoke a subtle discussion of the writer?s thematic concerns. Di Lampedusa uses the journey through the harsh Sicilian landscape in order to portray the ephemeral insignificance of mortal concerns when compared to the timeless power of the natural landscape. The use of the third person omniscient narrator to describe the journey has the effect of distancing the reader from the characters, ultimately diminishing the Salina family to ?perspiring faces? against the ?blazing landscape?. Depicted as ghostly figures ?white with dust to the eyebrows? the Prince and his family are reduced to anonymity and it is the hellish landscape of ?bare hillsides? and ?desiccated trees? that dominates the journey. ...read more.

Conclusion

In The Leopard the journey in the second chapter facilitates the transition in setting from Palermo to Donnafugata, directly leading to the introduction to Angelica, representative of the rising bourgeoisie class, and her subsequent engagement to Tancredi, the Prince?s nephew. As much of the novel?s plot is concerned with the union between the middle class and aristocracy, the journey to Donnafugata can be seen as a catalyst for this pivotal point in the text. Both writers use journeys to impel the movement of the plot; however, in No Great Mischief Alexander?s frequent drives to Toronto form the ?backbone? of the novel from which his reflections on the past branch while in The Leopard, the Prince?s journey to Donnafugata acts as catalyst for the introduction to Angelica, an event which is crucial to the decline of the Salina family. Though The Leopard is set during the political and social upheaval of the Italian Risorgimento and No Great Mischief spans several centuries of history in Scotland and Canada, di Lampedusa and Macleod both employ physical journeys in their novels in a powerful and memorable way. The overbearing and funereal landscape of Sicily as well as the ?splendid autumn sunshine? that glimmers over the destitute apartment block in which Calum lives are images that resonate powerfully within the mind of the reader, enabling the writers to convey in a striking manner nuances in their protagonists? character as well as in their thematic concerns. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. Discuss the isolation of the narrator in Ernest Hemingway's In Another Country

    We learn that the narrator used to like to play football when his doctor tells him that he will be able to play football again "better than ever." We meet one of the other soldiers in the group, an Italian major ( thieu ta).

  2. Extended essay-The bean trees

    took her voice and independence with him as well as her confidence in herself. She will never say her opinion even if something such as the door of f***y Heaven makes her sick to her gut; she will stay quiet about it.

  1. "Glass Menagerie" and "The Final Passage". Compare and Contrast ways in which you consider ...

    Thus the islanders were said to have been stagnated in time. The phrase "for history is a pattern of timeless moments" highlights the idea that the islanders live in a repetitive "pattern" by referring to them as "timeless" which implies that they are without change.

  2. Watership Down. In the novel Watership Down by Richard Adams, the protagonist character ...

    Hazel has learned form his previous inaction, and he has developed a greater sense of duty and responsibility because of it. He now understands that even though he may not have the perfect tactics for a situation, he can nevertheless act out of devotion and responsibility, which ultimately inspires every other member of the group.

  1. How and to what effect does the use of language empower Higgins and ...

    It has been hard enough work for him chipping the statue out of the block, but the marble itself has suffered more" [10] Higgins, as he boasts about in the beginning of the play, creates a brand new identity for Eliza by bridging the ?gulf that separates class from class

  2. The theme of spirituality is also presented in Tim Winton's novel Cloudstreet as a ...

    Quote Similarly Family and relationships is further explored through the interactions between Sam, Dolly and Rose. There is a prevalent sense of disconnection and division with the 'silent' Pickles. Sam and Dolly constantly challenge the constructed stereotypes, yet they consistently fail their children, particularly Rose.

  1. The effect of historical allusions in the History Boys

    We may look at Dakin, narcissistic and scornful of Posner?s advances, and paint him the villain. We may also look at Hector, and point out his paedophilia as a mark of his villainy, but both these interpretations would be hard to accept, and this too is true for Irwin.

  2. Effect of PTSD in Dave Eggers A Heartbreaking Work of Staggering Genius

    I can stop the nosebleed. I will stop the nosebleed. Yes. I will find a way.?[7] When his mother dies though and his determination falls flat, Eggers has nothing to make himself feel worthy. With constantly blaming himself, Eggers creates a barrier between himself and his feelings.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work