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A building survey may be required mainly for checking the stability and external and internal condition of a building

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National Certificate in Construction Building Surveying Assignment 2 Building Surveys P1 A building survey may be required mainly for checking the stability and external and internal condition of a building, but surveys are also required for a large number of reasons, some of which include: * The sale of a property * To prepare a measured drawing of the building to enable a plan for alterations, improvements or extensions to be prepared; * To prepare a report on the condition of a property to be purchased; * To prepare a schedule of condition for a property to be taken on long lease; * To advise on repair, maintenance and preservation; * Work to be carried out to satisfy the requirements of local or any other authorities; * To advise on the repair of a building damaged by fire or floods or any other man made or natural disasters; * To make structural appraisal for existing buildings for change of use; * To prepare plans in connection with party walls agreements. Any building survey must be undertaken in a systematic procedure so as to reduce the risk of errors/omissions during surveying. The following procedures should help in reducing these errors and omissions and aid in being more organized: * EXPERTISE - the building surveyor must be qualified and must possess the adequate level of skill and knowledge to undertake the survey. Awareness for obsolete construction is essential for examining old buildings. ...read more.


M2 There is a number surveying equipment with numerous uses on different surveying tasks. Below are a number of surveying equipment and their different uses. 1) Thermograph - this is an infra-red camera which can be used as a non-destructive means to determine areas of heat loss, voids or leaks in the external fabric of a building. Like impulse radar, its a specialist technique that is normally used in specific cases such as large commercial and residential buildings. 2) Impulse radar or ultra sound - this is also a specialist non- destructive technique to determine the extent of any void areas such as flue routes, hidden or blocked up spaces. It can also be used to detect leaks in the roof and wall elements. 3) Endoscope - Is a fibre optic bore scope with which building surveyors can inspect hidden voids and cavities for problems such as bridging, wall-tie corrosion and fungal attack. 4) Electronic moisture-reading meter - there are two main types currently in use, the conductivity and capacitance type. These instruments measure conductivity and not actually measure content. 5) In order to examine straight lengths of drains, reflectors are useful. They are placed in the channels of the inspection chambers and reflect the light along the drain. 6) A Plumb bob and line is essential when the plumb of a building is necessary. 7) Sticks of wax coated chalks for marking out defects. ...read more.


A Pro forma is one of the specific surveying documents. It is produced when the surveyor has gotten information from the client and he has gained knowledge of what the client wants to be surveyed. A Pro Forma includes information such as basic contact details and the purpose of the survey. It will also contain fields with information like job title, the organization you work for, type of inspection, weather on date of inspection, address of the property, orientation of the building, what type of property it is, viewing arrangements (Agents/Vendor in occupation/Met at property), Methodology (how you plan to carry out your survey and time-scale required to undertake the survey) start and finish times, date of inspections, limitations of any inspection(if the property was occupied, carpeted or finished e.t.c.), if there are any contractors involved in taking the analysis and also any unusual features. Recording information on the Pro Forma depends on the format it has been produced in. it might have been produced by a word processor and you have to fill in the relevant fields manually or it might have been produced using spreadsheets or templates and recording information on it would be simply ticking on the items being inspected and also ticking on the conditions of the items. It might also be important to leave blank spaces on the pro Forma so as to make sketches or plans of the floor and rooms being surveyed. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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