Anthropological Perspectives on Modern-Postmodern Ideas

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Anthropological Perspectives on Modern-Postmodern Ideas

In this constantly changing world, there are many instances where large populations that were totally unfamiliar with one another come into close contact. From an anthropological perspective, there are many political and economic relationships that made up both modern and postmodern cities, including surveillance, regulation, and social ordering. Other variations of these terms, such as modernity, postmodernity, postmodernism, and modernization theory are seemingly the same, yet different perspectives on society.

        One of the biggest changes to an urban area of society came in the form of industrialization. Various changes in technology, specialization of labor, and other factors led to the development of industry on an extensive scale. According to Madan Sarup, the various changes of social development which occurred because of industrialization are known as modernity. Due to scientific and technological innovations from the industrialization period, many socio-economic changes were generated (Murphy, par. 4).

Modernity refers to a set of theoretical, political, and ethical ideas. The label modern, which was first used in nineteenth-century sociology, was meant to distinguish the present era from the previous one, which was labeled “antiquity” (Baldwin, par. 5). Various aspects of an era can be considered modern, including architecture. An example of modern architecture can be seen in New York at the Jacob Javits Convention Center. The walls of the center are covered with black glass, attached to steel beams. The entire outside of the building looks futuristic, with a repeated design of black cubes, in various shapes and sizes.

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Fundamentally, according to Sarup, modernity is the “progressive economic and administrative rationalization and differentiation of the social world” (Murphy, par. 2). By creating order out of chaos, society would function better as a whole (Baldwin, par. 10). Globalization is an example of modernity. It seems to be unifying the world, but on an ordered and restricted basis. Globalization unifies money markets, speculative financial flows, information, and the organization of production. However, while the movement of money remains seemingly free, the movement of people remains segmented.

Many aspects of society were influenced by modernity. In modern society, the individual became ...

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