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University Degree: Architecture
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In this essay I will be discussing the drawings of Lequeu and Piranesi, in relation to the geometrical description of Gaspard Monge and J NL Durand.
As Piranesi loved working with perspective, he knew that our experience of the world is very much to do with the perspective around us, and he was eager to control it. (Joanna Barbara Rapp, 2008, p. 706- 707) In Monges method, a figure is represented by its plan and elevation and how they are positioned to correspond with each other. In Perspective drawings, if the plans and elevations are together and measured precisely, the process of the drawing can be reversed to see the foundation of how its was done.
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This essay shall analyze the Pantheon, paying particular attention to the construction details, mainly the entrance and dome, as well as the buildings form and function.
The building, completed around 137 AD, was architecturally revolutionary and many years ahead of its time. The Pantheon's iconic feature, its 43.3-meter dome, was "unmatched for well over a millennium and not substantially surpassed until the adoption of steel and re-enforced concrete in the modern era."2 It was influenced by the Roman bath structures at Baiaie, but of course no building belonging to this complex came close to matching the Pantheon in scale. As anybody who has visited the Pantheon can confirm, its entrance is another of its awe-inspiring features.
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In this assignment I set out to design a modern and up to date classroom to enhance the learning experience for adult learners participating in a level 4 construction course. I aim to explain the rationale for my design, and will outline the materials to
In the past teachers would have written on the board with chalk or dry wipe pens. Now interactive white boards play a much larger part in the classroom, creating a much more interesting lecture. The changes in teaching methods and the progression of technology means that the design of the modern classroom needs to be much more flexible than the traditional classroom. This enables teachers to make effective use of advanced information technology to support learning, as well as enabling them to vary the room design to suit the learning objectives and activities involved in individual lessons.
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Evaluation and Design. Bexley College Tower campus wishes to relocate to a more centrally located site, maximising revenue from the sale of the existing site. This feasibility study aims to explore the possible solutions and identify the most feasible opt
benefits to the local community c) timescales for redevelopment Solution 1 - Tesco Extra Store The development of a superstore providing a supermarket, opticians, petrol station, Pros: * Creates local jobs in the community. * Provides a range of local services under one roof. * Good bus and train service from surrounding area are already in existence. Cons: * Access to the site limited. * Noise pollution to the school. Solution 2 - Big Yellow Storage Pros: * Creates local jobs in the community. * Provides local storage Cons: * Unsightly to locals * Access to the site limited.
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In this assignment I aim to analyse the living area within a three floor four bedroom detached house, which was built in 1969. I will look at and analyse the built environment in respect of thermals, ventilations, acoustics, light and Air Flow, making re
natural light, daylight, sunlight, artificial light, up light, and spot lights. Light is important to ensure the building and its occupants can function adequately, and the right light levels for the room and it's use can increasing the functionality of the space considerably. The living room's biggest source of light is natural light gained through two very large double patio doors. There are benefits to this natural light, in that it is preferred by people, and provides a nice view of the garden and beyond, which includes fields and open space.
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A building survey may be required mainly for checking the stability and external and internal condition of a building
Awareness for obsolete construction is essential for examining old buildings. * CARE - Using the appropriate PPE and taking sufficient time to carry out the survey is important as it is safe to carry out the survey in a cautious and safety-conscious manner; * BEING METHODICAL - having a systematic step-by-step approach surveying the outside then inside then outside the property should be adopted so as to reduce sight errors. The following are the main stages of Building surveying taken in their order: Instructions - the client's requirements need to be taken and understood at this stage to determine the type of survey which will best suit their needs; Type
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I have been instructed by the club chairman of Bogsworth sports and leisure club to look into the possibility of building a new club house on land which the club have been offered first offer on price. I will be arranging a site investigation to see if th
DRAWINGS Pg 14-16 INTRODUCTION I have been instructed by the club chairman of Bogsworth sports and leisure club to look into the possibility of building a new club house on land which the club have been offered first offer on price. I will be arranging a site investigation to see if the proposed land is viable to build on. From these results I will propose a suitable form of construction which I will outlay all the stages of substructure and my reasons why.
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Why should not the town be, even today a source of poetry? (Corbusier 1929.) 2 In order to develop an approach to understanding the concepts and ideologies of a 'Virtual City' in comparison to our actual city/town inhabitance, I will be focusing on exploring the concepts behind Le Corbusier's Contemporary City against that of the cities we live in. A Contemporary City of Three Million (Ville Contemporaine) exhibited in 1922, is a presentation of Charles-�douard Jeanneret-Gris's (aka Le Corbusier) vision to create the idyllic urban environment containing every modern facility. Designed to remedy problems he see consistent throughout modern day cities, Le Corbusier's city would have an abundance of space, greenery and light.
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Peter Cook. Professor Sir Peter Cook, Southend-On-Sea English born architect is acclaimed as a student, educator, curator, director, academic, designer, and probably predominantly in Cooks eyes an experimentalist.
His fathers job would entail visits to buildings deciding whether to requisition them or not. He would take the three or four year old Peter Cook along with him to study these properties. "He was looking at buildings, and I was looking at buildings with him. And the myth amongst family is that, I was fascinated by this."2 Not only does Cook relate his interest into architecture due to his childhood and father, but several others too; he collected castles and cathedrals as a boy. Also moving to new towns frequently navigating, analyzing and dissecting his surroundings, probably not architecturally, but as a means of familiarising, this later serving him as an architectural practice.
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The Straw Bale House, known also as The House of Straw, was the concept, design and accomplishment of Sarah Wigglesworth and her partner Jeremy Till. The idea was to create a modern urban working and living environment discovering solutions to both eco-f
The office block that sits facing the railway line rests upon metal coils that assuage the vibrations caused by passing trains, which in turn sit upon the gabions 1. Moving away from the office leads you into the living area and the stairwell to a five-storey tower lined with books that culminates with a reading space overlooking North London 2. Passing through the living room will find you standing in the bedroom wing, which is where the project derives its name as the walls are insulated with straw bales.
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In order to achieve successful sustainable development in the construction industry, environmental responsibility, economical profitability and social awareness have to be well balanced and more impotantly, engineers always have to be aware of environment
Figure 2: Sustainable development factors In the construction industry, above factor can be adopted in a various way such as Eco House, which is the one of good example that explaining how sustainable development can be achieved by adopting above factors. Solar powered electricity, solar heated water and micro wind turbine will reduce the use of energy and therefore achieving a sustainable economy. Moreover, double-glazed windows, cavity wall insulation, rainwater storage and recycling bin will help reducing energy loss and waste.
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Some may comment that development in IT (Information technology) makes our lives easier and more comfortable as compared with several decades ago, nowadays, with technological advancement like the widespread of e-mail and existence of various search engine like yahoo and Google, availability of different kinds of electronic sources on the internet such as electronic library and websites from all over the world, we can access to loads of different kinds of information without any major difficulties and without the restraint of national boundaries.
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Bungalow design for a disabled client. Discuss the form of construction and compare the advantages and disadvantages of your choice and form of materials.
A wide, slip resistant level path will lead from the carport to the bungalow entrance, where there is an illuminated covered porch and a level threshold to the front door. The gross internal floor area of the bungalow is X sq metres. The floor plan and external elevations are Appendices (A1-5). The likely build cost of �984 per m2 is based on the Homebuilding and Renovating Magazine's Average Build Cost Guide (February 2007). The factors taken into account are a medium sized single storey property built in the South East by a main contractor to a standard/good level of build quality, having regard to the special needs of the disabled person.
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The tasks to identity a low-rise domestic building and outline the key external features. The domestic property I have chosen for this project is 3 bedroom end of terrace house located in Wandsworth Greater London
Down Pipe Overflow External Windows Air Bricks Condense Waste Pipe 1.32 West Elevation (Gable End) Half round ridge tile Barge Boards Stretcher Bond Brickwork Flue (DPC) 1 1.33 North Elevation Eaves Guttering Down Pipe Windows on external wall Flashings Patio Doors 1.34 External Walls The facing of the external walls on the house is stretcher bond brickwork. The advantage of stretcher bonding is that the wall acts as a whole so that a load of a beam carried by the topmost brick is spread to the two bricks below it, then to the three below that and so on down to the base or foundation course of bricks.
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Steel allowed architects to utilise floor space on multiple floors. Home Insurance Building- "Considered the first American skyscraper, the 10-story Home Insurance Building in Chicago was the first tall building to be supported by a metal skeleton of vertical columns and horizontal beams. Engineer William LeBaron Jenney discovered that thin pieces of steel could support a tall building as well as thick stone walls could. The steel necessary to carry Jenney's 10-story building weighed only one-third as much as a 10-story building made of heavy masonry. Since the steel skeleton supported the weight of the entire building and the exterior wall was really just a skin to keep out the weather, the Home Insurance Building was the first tall building to have many windows.
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The building is now a two-storey as a result of a mezzanine floor being incorporated. The design allows the library to serve the needs of its population of users. In terms of access and means of escape, the building has 4 main entrances leading into the main library, and two leading to the outside of the building. There are also two staircases that leads onto the mezzanine floor. 3.0 Approach This work looked adopted a desks and field study approach and looked at Building Case Studies and a range of sources including internet sites and publications by professional bodies as well as investigating the said building.
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Aluminium Aluminium cladding systems are designed to combine the best of two materials; plastic inside and aluminium outside In addition to this it opens up an unlimited amount of colours. Since aluminium cladding can be finished in any colour, anodised, film coated, power coated wood look or painted in special colours using modern coating methods. Stone Stone curtain walls are conventionally small cut stone set in mortar and are supported by attachments to a back up masonry wall, Slabs of stone with greater surface area may be fastened to framed buildings in several different ways.
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In this information about the environmental effects of a project are "collected, assessed and taken into account in reaching a decision on whether the project should go ahead or not." As stated in the Environmental impact assessment: guide to procedures. The Current Awareness Lecture series aimed to provide "added value for your job applications" and "added value for the start of your professional careers" whilst doing all of this under the umbrella of sustainability. The series of lectures each cover a different topic of sustainability in relation to the planning application process, in regards to Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA).
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Then we got the load of the polymer on the Hounsfield testing machine. We then tested the polymer until it failed and the maximum load calculated and recorded. Testing Polymers Results The two polymers that were tested gave the results of the first was 200mm per minute with a maximum load of 1066kN and the second 20mm per minute with a maximum load of 927kN. Colour Polymer Mass Density Load Failure Tensile Strength (g) (Kg/m�) (ken) (N/mm�) Red HD Polyethythene 9.47 868.807 0.84 Very ductile 21 Yellow LD Polyethythene 9.45 866.972 0.43 Very ductile 10.75 Black Nylon 66 Glass 14.73 1351.376 5.27 Brittle 131.75 Amber Acrylic 12.55 1151.376 2.75 Very Brittle 68.75 Clear
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Value activities should be benchmarked, compared against those of organizations both inside and outside the industry, to learn and improve on best practice (Lavarack & Brown 1992). 3. Value Chain Analysis 3.1 Primary Activities 3.1.1 Inbound logistics * Low-cost deals are negotiated against promise of large and growing volumes of business. * Dependency on suppliers to deliver fuel as well as food, drinks and duty-paid products to be sold on-board * These need to be stored, handled and controlled upon delivery 3.1.2 Operations * Fast turnarounds (core competence), 25 minutes, is the most important cost advantage as it enables high aircraft utilization.
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According to the surveyor's report they are the most "severe defect". It also states that the cracks are "running the full height between the extension and the extension structure"; there may be a number of reasons for these cracks appearing, for instance the building may have settlement, thermal movement, lack of lateral restraint or wall tie failure. Due to the fact that the surveyor had not noted whether there were any trees within close proximity to the property it will be assumed that the damage has not been caused by trees extracting moisture from the subsoil and therefore causing the foundation to move or crack.
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This system only requires one feed cistern to supply water to be heated indirectly. Feed water to the main circuit & boiler is within the cylinder through the primary heater. The heat exchanger inside the cylinder has 3 air locks which are in place in order to stop the mixing of the primary & secondary waters. No additives should be used when installing this system. Cold Water System For the cold water system in this property, the tank must be well insulated and well supported together with a dustproof cover in order to avoid contamination.
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5). Various aspects of an era can be considered modern, including architecture. An example of modern architecture can be seen in New York at the Jacob Javits Convention Center. The walls of the center are covered with black glass, attached to steel beams. The entire outside of the building looks futuristic, with a repeated design of black cubes, in various shapes and sizes. Fundamentally, according to Sarup, modernity is the "progressive economic and administrative rationalization and differentiation of the social world" (Murphy, par.
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The seating plan was imperative to hierarchy, with the emperor seated in the centre, which was securely separated from the crowd yet visible to all. The consul, vestal virgins etc. also had their secured seating area. The women and slaves were located to the top tier only. For safety, access routes were planned carefully to control the crowd, honeycombed stairwells reached different levels and the 76 arched entrances were numbered, each organized by social standing, such as the upper levels for the commoners were simple and undecorated, while the entrances used by the emperor was decorated with marble panelling.
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the Central Line train 3.20pm Arrive at Bank Station 3.25pm Transfer onto green District Line train 3.30pm Arrive at Blackfriars Station and exit train 3.35pm Enter Tate Modern Gallery, you have 1.5hrs to explore 5.05pm Make your way back to Blackfriars Station 5.10pm From here you are able to see the Millennium Bridge You have 1.5hrs to explore the area and have lunch 6.40pm Make your way back to Blackfriars Station 6.45pm Get on the green District Line Train heading Eastbound 6.50pm Arrive at Monument Station 6.55pm Transfer onto the red Central Line Train 7.00pm Arrive at Oxford Circus 7.05pm
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