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University Degree: Architecture

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  1. History Around us - Cromford Village and Mills, Derbyshire

    Of course, Arkwright may simply have chosen the area because he knew it, or had friends there. Part 1 - How far did Cromford Village Change as a Result of Arkwright choosing it as the site for his Mill? As can be seen from Source 1, Cromford was small just a small rural hamlet before Arkwright came. This source is reliable as there is no reason for the artist to lie and there is no evidence in Cromford today that there was anything other than the mill to attract a larger population in the mid eighteenth century.

    • Word count: 2202
  2. How useful are the secondary sources provided in understanding Medieval Monasticism compared with the site of Fountains Abbey?

    Source B - Architecturally this informs us very little at all in terms of Medieval Monasticism. Pages 85 to 87 provide us with somewhat generic medieval building information of no particular use. However, page 83 is another matter. Although highly simplistic, it does provide us with a large list of tasks that monks would have taken part in, which tells us more than some of the architecture can. Having said this, there are ways the site can tell us some of the points illustrated on page 83. The site can show us how the monks gave shelter to travellers, being on a natural pass used by many, obviously worshipping god, and also farming, made obvious by the large tracts of arable land surrounding the Abbey and the granary.

    • Word count: 2004
  3. The History of Danson House

    John Boyd bought the last of the lease from Styleman's descendants in 1759, but still had to pay �100 a year to the charity set up under Styleman's will. In 1761 Boyd offered �100 annuity to the charity in exchange for the charity's half of the freehold. An act of parliament was needed to accomplish this and in 1762 the "Styleman Act" was passed. It was then that over the next forty years that Boyd enlarged the estate to an area of around 600 acres.

    • Word count: 2386
  4. Commentry on Wilfred Noyce's - Breathless

    The structure of the poem is narrow and tall resembling the steepness and shape of the mountain. This not only gives an automatic visual image of the dire difficulty of having to hike up such steepness but also provides insight to the voice's state of mind, limited to only verticality. The lines of the poem are irregular and cannot be grouped into stanza, presenting an immediate difficulty because to follow the jagged structure of lines is confusing.

    • Word count: 451
  5. Sir Titus Salt built Saltaire solely to gain greater control over his workforce.How far does your study of the site and the supporting evidence support this point of view?

    This could show that he wants to control their lives, and stop them drinking and socialising and possibly working against him. Or it could show that he just wanted his workers to be fit and healthy, and by having no pubs, they wouldn't have the opportunity to get drunk. Another useful piece of evidence are the rules for living in Saltaire. These go someway to support the theory of control. One of the rules is that no animals are allowed in the village, another consists of instructions when and how often to wash, and another states that gatherings in the street of more than eight people are forbidden.

    • Word count: 909
  6. Paella. As paella is Spanish I decided to incorporate a Spanish theme into my project. I did this by observing Gaudis architecture, which can mainly be found in the Spanish capital, Barcelona. His work is said to be organic architecture. This was

    Continuing with the theme of ingredients I went on to draw a sliced tomato, which I completed in pastels. I finished by painting some peas and an olive oil bottle from observation. As paella is Spanish I decided to incorporate a Spanish theme into my project. I did this by observing Gaudi's architecture, which can mainly be found in the Spanish capital, Barcelona.

    • Word count: 473
  7. The clerk of works

    Much of the experience comes from working on construction sites and is an advantage when discussing programmes and methods of construction with the contractor and site staff. Due to the rapid advance in technology it is difficult for anyone to supervise the complete works alone. So this has resulted in clerk of works specializing in various forms of construction. For example more clerks of works are being employed on heating and ventilation, plumbing and electrical installations. Others deal with site development, roads, sewers, bridges and motorways.

    • Word count: 724
  8. In what ways did Bernini go about uniting architecture, sculpting and painting to create what his biographer Filippo Baldnucci called ‘a beautiful whole’?

    These skills earned him important commissions like the renovations of the high altar of Santa Bibiana and the design of the crossing at St. Peter's. These acclaimed triumphs led to the unification of the arts seen in the chapels of the 1640's and 50's, which T.A Marder believes to be his chief contribution to Western art. The concept of unifying the arts is known as bel composto or maraviglioso composto. These terms were mentioned specifically in the contemporary biographies of Filippo Baldinucci and Domenico Bernini.

    • Word count: 2324
  9. A & P Plot Structure

    The reader is immediately presented with contrast and begins to anticipate the reactions that may ensue. Here, the complication is already being woven into the plot. This complication continues to develop as the three bathing suit-clad girls traipse up and down the aisles of the A & P. The reactions of Sammy's co-workers and the shoppers to the girls set the stage for impending conflict. The boss, Mr. Lengel, says to the girls "but this isn't the beach" (68). After several minutes Queenie, another A&P employee, says "Girls, I don't want to argue with you.

    • Word count: 949
  10. Defence At Kenilworth

    We know Mortimer's tower had two stories because of the line of bricks and the fireplace on the left. The things that are there now and wouldn't have been in previous centuries are the stone at the front, level of earth, grates, signs, fences and the ticket office. The next defensive structures are the outer curtain wall including the Constable's Lodging and Tudor Stables. There was an opening in the wall. I know this is not an arrow slit because it is not angled to prevent the archer getting shot. There is also no need for defence here because of the mere.

    • Word count: 1611
  11. When Was the Existing Stone Built At Dover Constructed?

    It was changed and added to in several centuries and no one time could be considered correct. How was the site used before this time? Before Dover Castle was built, the site was obviously used for a number of different purposes most of which we do not know of due to lack of evidence. However we can see two of its prior uses just from studying the buildings there now. During the second half of the First Century the Romans developed Dover as a port.

    • Word count: 985
  12. Describe the problems faced by road travellers in the 18thC and the 19thC

    Many people would get coaches to different destinations but they were not safe at all. Highwaymen would often hold up coaches and take people by surprise. They would attack and rob and take many people's money. Some people would be prepared for this by keeping a purse with false money in and keeping the money somewhere else. Highwaymen could get away with it as there was no police before 1849. Poor people were forced to sit on the top of carriages and would sometimes fall off if it turned round a corner too quickly and this would be extremely dangerous.

    • Word count: 2335
  13. Manchester Airport Environmental Aspects

    Lots of countryside had to be destroyed to make room for the new runway, and people had to be moved out of their houses, Manchester airport had to pay for them to be moved and re-housed near the area, because they were knocking down peoples houses to make way for the new runway.

    • Word count: 302
  14. Some Social and Psychological Consequences of The Longwall Method of Coal Getting

    Pre-mechanised structure mainly consisted in craftsmanship and was treated as such. Mechanised structures are similar to the nowadays assembly lines in which specific jobs are strictly assigned in order to minimize the costs on labour and maximise output. This article expresses views on both structures and how social and psychological characteristic differences in both interrelate with the output produced within the structure. As noted above, this organisational structure can be divided into two structures, one of which is the succession of the other. The first one is the pre-mechanised structure, better known as 'hand got mining'.

    • Word count: 850
  15. The Virus

    We all get off the coach to find us at the hotel, it's a big and posh hotel. We walk to the hotel and we all get a key to a room each, which is great. I walk to my room and unlock the door I walk in and jump on the king-size bed with excitement. I set my alarm for 7'oclock and I fall to sleep. Beep, beep, beep, I wake up and turn my alarm off, I get up out of bed and walk into the bathroom, I wash my face and go to the toilet, I then

    • Word count: 998
  16. How far does Quarry Bank Mill demonstrate the methods of factory production introduced during the Industrial Revolution ?

    Richard Arkwright built the first one in Cromford. Style followed later. These factories were ideal for mass production because everything was under one roof and organised by one body. The industrial system pulled efficiency into the equation. The purpose of this essay is to show how well and to what degree the Quarry Bank Mill site incorporates methods and machines introduced in the industrial revolution, including how the mill was built to house these new ideas, inventions and processes and therefore how well it demonstrates a 18th to 19th century mill.

    • Word count: 1329
  17. ‘There is no doubt that a drawbridge existed at Farnham Castle.’

    However, the filling-in is a Tudor addition. I know this because of the Tudor brickwork involved in the structure of the section. Therefore I hypothesise that a pit would have existed here until the 16th Century, as part of the drawbridge defences. Going up the stairs and approaching the gatehouse, the walls on either side of the stairway are of on even height. On the left side (that of the courtyard) the wall is fairly low, but this does not appear to have been the original height.

    • Word count: 5979
  18. Expansion and Changes in Architecture in the 20th century

    For example in 1934, Walter Gropius designed Impington Village College in Cambridgeshire. Similarly, Erich Mendelsohn who came from Germany built the De la Warr Pavilion at Bexhill on Sea in 1936. Buildings such as these influenced and enabled young British architects who were beginning to break away from the traditional schools of design in order to develop their own styles and structures using steel, concrete and glass. For example, some of the first of these modern designs using plain blocks of brick constructed around a steel framework included the Royal Masonic Hospital at Ravenscourt Park (designed by Sir John Burnet in 1930-33)

    • Word count: 1360
  19. Read the following extract which has been freely adapted from ‘Household Pests’ by PLG Bateman and answer the questions below

    Casual intruders such as maybugs, lacewings, earwigs, woodlice, clover mites and ground beetles may also enter accidentally. Woodworm, termites and rodents cause physical damage, flies, cockroaches and mice are a threat to health as they carry disease organisms; spiders, furniture mites, wasps or silverfish produce anxiety or distress. Feral pigeons may simply be a nuisance. Improved standards of living and environmental hygiene have greatly reduced infestations by parasites and many flies, yet developments such as modern central heating, fitted carpets and the continued use of untreated softwood timbers tend to contribute to the growing problems caused by carpet beetles and woodworm.

    • Word count: 1687
  20. Impressions of Islamic Architecture

    Mesopotamia was located in the Middle East and Asia Minor, between the Mediterranean, Red, and Dead Seas. This geographic region is notoriously hot and dry and receives very little rain. These climatic factors were key in the early peoples design of their dwellings and other functional building types. The shape of almost every native house is short roofed and with a central courtyard, creating a form that is a "container". As opposed to a modern Western home, which is "contained". Another very evident aspect of design is the use of local materials. Adobe is the primary method of construction for every building type.

    • Word count: 623
  21. 'Hotel Room 12th Floor' By Norman MacCaig

    This simile is very effective as the characteristics are very similar. A helicopter is similar to a damaged insect as the helicopter was flying round and round in a way, which an insect may fly when injured. The buzzing an insect makes is also similar to the sound of helicopter propellers. The size comparison between the building and the helicopter may seem like the size comparison to an insect and a human. The empire state building may be compared to a dentists drill because of its descending shape, and also because of the aerial on the top, which may represent a needle.

    • Word count: 491
  22. "Little is known about Bronze Age Theran society and what is known is open to debate." Critically analyse this statement by referring to the available evidence.

    Trade with other islands is evident. Evidence of trade has been found through imported items such as pottery (which have the typology of Cretan pottery) and silver and lead (there have been no mines found), which are possibly from Attica or Siphonos. Lead balance weights and bronze have been found in Akrotiri. As we know the Therans traded with other civilizations, these could have been used to weigh fair quantities of goods. This is part of the few pieces of information known about Bronze Age Theran society and which isn't open to debate.

    • Word count: 1956
  23. Romanesque vs. Gothic Architecture

    In the 12th century it then developed into the Gothic style, characterised by pointed arches. Examples of Romanesque architecture can be found across the continent, making it the first pan-European architectural style since Imperial Roman Architecture. The Romanesque style in England is traditionally referred to as Norman architecture. Combining features of Roman and Byzantine architecture and other local traditions, Romanesque architecture is known by its massive quality, thick walls, round arches, sturdy piers, groin vaults, large towers and decorative arcading. Each building has clearly defined forms and they are frequently of a very regular, symmetrical plan so that the overall appearance is one of simplicity when compared with the Gothic buildings that were to follow.

    • Word count: 3639
  24. Practical Form in Architecture. To support my idea, I will make analysis of Farnsworth House by Mies van der Rohe.

    To achieve practicability, many factors need to be considered such as environment, function, and culture. Form and environment Architecture is set in a certain environment, which includes surrounding, topography, climate and etc. From these factors should the form of a project be reasoned. And the existence of this building form in its surrounding is supposed to influence the area in a good way. That?s how form becomes practical in the sense of environment. A typical example of this is Farnsworth House.

    • Word count: 1762
  25. Interpretations of the Free Plan in Modern Architecture.

    In this essay, the realization of free plan is analyzed through two famous works by Le Corbusier and Mies van der Rohe respectively ? the Villa Savoye, and the Barcelona Pavilion. Both architects started their projects at the same time, however their interpretation and the outcome of the free plan is drastically different. VILLA SAVOYE: FREE PLAN AND FUNCTION Le Corbusier?s Villa Savoye was built in 1931 and is situated in Poissy, France2. It is regarded as a great demonstration of his ?Five Points towards a new architecture?.

    • Word count: 3240

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