Kenilworth Castle: How and why did the Castle Develop Over Time? From the beginning of the 11th Century Kenilworth had just a lone watchtower atop the rocky knoll where the Stone Keep sits today. In this chapter I will describe the changes made to Kenilworth Castle over time, what, why and how affected these changes and who influenced their construction. In 1120 the first major building work took place at Kenilworth, a Motte and Bailey castle was built on the rocky, gravely hill in the place of the old Watchtower, fifty two years after a Motte and Bailey structure had appeared down the road at Warwick. The first tenant of Kenilworth Castle was Geoffrey De Clinton, after being granted the royal manor of Stoneleigh, he needed to defend himself against his neighbours the earls of Warwick. Between 1174-84 a heated political feud between Henry II and his son boiled over, resulting in Kenilworth Castle and others being provisioned and garrisoned by Henry. At this time the castle was rebuilt in stone, in Kenilworth's case red sandstone, a material easily come across in the area. Built with thick walls, latest state of the art defences such as Slit windows, parapets, a secure water supply and a single spiral staircase leading up the keep. The whole structure was crafted upon a sandstone plinth, heightening the keep further. The keep was an oblong shape building with square towers.
Content Page Introduction 2 Argument of development in IT can lead to information overload 3-4 Conclusion 5 References 6 . Introduction Have you ever encountered the following scenario? I think most of you would find yourself familiar with the following scenario or even have the same experience. When you doing your essay as a student or searching information for your project as a worker, using the famous search engine like yahoo or Google, you will find piles of information on the internet whether they are relevant to your topic or not. Soon you will find that the more information you find and gather on the internet, the more difficult for you to do your task as not only lots of time is spent on gathering the information, but also, you need to spend enormous time on going through the information provided by the search engine. Worse still, much more time is needed for you to make a decision on which information is useful and relevant for your work, which is not. Some may comment that development in IT (Information technology) makes our lives easier and more comfortable as compared with several decades ago, nowadays, with technological advancement like the widespread of
RESUME OF ENGLISH MORFOSINTAX: LIPSUS: The elimination of words from a sentence which are no necessary to understand the meaning of the message: Do you want to go? Wanna go? SURFACE STRUCTURE: It is the pattern that words follow in the sentence. How words are placed in the structure. DEEP STRUCTURE: It is the meaning of the sentence. A sentence can have a different surface structure but it can keep its same deep structure. John saw Mary Mary was seen by John } different surface structure, but same deep structure John hit Mary Mary was hit by John Despite that the structures changes its form the message still remains intact. INFLECTIVE LANGUAGE: It is the conjugation of the verbs See / saw / seen / seeing / sees INFLECTIVE: When the most information (verb tense, person, number, etc.) is included in a verb form. Ví (Spanish, first person, singular, past) AGGLUTINATIVE: When adding suffixes / prefixes to a root word so that it contains more information (person, number, etc) * Blue + ish = bluish * Re + tape = retape Words derive from a root or core word. Then by adding the suffixes or affixes needed a new word is formed. ORGANIZATION OF GRAMMAR LANGUAGE: WORD SENTENCE SOUND SYSTEM MORPHEME: * It can't be further divided * It conveys meaning * It is the minimum unit of grammar structure FREE MORPHEME: It doesn't need any
When most people mention Ancient Egypt the first thing that comes to mind is the Pyramids. To construct such monuments required a mastery of art, architecture and social organization that few cultures would ever rival. The pyramids are said to have built Egypt by being the force that knit together the kingdom's economy. Their creations were so substantial, that the sight of these vast pyramids would take your breath away. Today, the valley of the Nile has an open air museum so people can witness these grand monuments. Obsessed with the afterlife, Egypt's rulers of 4,500 years ago glorified themselves in stone, thereby laying the foundation of the first great nation-state. A Pyramid is an enormous machine that helps the king go through the wall of the dead, achieve resurrection and live forever in the happiness of the gods. The start of the Old Kingdom is said to be the building of the Djoser's monument. The construction of Step Pyramid of Pharaoh Djoser began around 2630 B.C. and was designed to awe the ancient Egyptians, to impress them with their rule's godlike strength. It was the world's first great construction project; indeed, it was the world's largest building. Djoser, the second king of the 3rd dynasty, hired an architect called Imhoptep who for the first time constructed a tomb completely of stone. Imhoptep is considered the preeminent genius of the Old Kingdom.
Anthropological Perspectives on Modern-Postmodern Ideas In this constantly changing world, there are many instances where large populations that were totally unfamiliar with one another come into close contact. From an anthropological perspective, there are many political and economic relationships that made up both modern and postmodern cities, including surveillance, regulation, and social ordering. Other variations of these terms, such as modernity, postmodernity, postmodernism, and modernization theory are seemingly the same, yet different perspectives on society. One of the biggest changes to an urban area of society came in the form of industrialization. Various changes in technology, specialization of labor, and other factors led to the development of industry on an extensive scale. According to Madan Sarup, the various changes of social development which occurred because of industrialization are known as modernity. Due to scientific and technological innovations from the industrialization period, many socio-economic changes were generated (Murphy, par. 4). Modernity refers to a set of theoretical, political, and ethical ideas. The label modern, which was first used in nineteenth-century sociology, was meant to distinguish the present era from the previous one, which was labeled "antiquity" (Baldwin, par. 5). Various aspects of an era can be considered modern,
I'm alive - Diary Entry by Christopher Wallace I'm alive. That should say it all, but it misses by a mile. So many emotions and I expect tomorrow to be the hardest when I start to find out which friends I won't ever see again. I had a meeting on Long Island and was too tired to get out of bed. I came very close to just driving directly to Long Island but forced myself to make it in to the office first... just for an hour or two. For some reason, I didn't park in the usual (open air) lot adjacent to the World Trade Centre. I figured I'd get some exercise and walk a couple of blocks. I told the car park attendant I would be back around 10:30. Up to the office on what used to be the 35th floor of what used to be One World Trade Centre. Business as usual, a normal mid-week workday, so far. 8:30 I call home but I get the machine as usual. The computer is booting up as go to the file area to hunt for the files for today. I have a few files in my hand and am silently cursing the fact that I can't find a few others when Whump!! The noise is loud and distant but ominous. The buildings are designed to sway in high winds but this felt like a giant fist of God had slammed us to the side. It almost feels like the building was going to slowly topple right then. First thought. Bomb? Plane? Whatever it was the building did not just "sway" back into a normal position. The whump turns to
Canterbury 'Shopping Streets' Tour St. Peters Street The three buildings on the left are in fact, one building. It's Barrett's garage, a local family business that's been on this site for 100 years. The `old look' to the buildings is part of current British architectural thinking; buildings should fit into their environments. It was built not long ago, replacing an ugly petrol station. St. Peters Street We are a little way up St. Peters Street. This end of the City doesn't have the main shops, so it's less full than the centre. The building on the left here is a pub, one of many of pubs and fast food outlets in St. Peters Street. Pubs in the city are undergoing a change; this one has become a bar: Westbar. Here's this scene in 1998. Centre of St. Peters Street These folks are sitting in the sunshine outside the 'Oranges and Lemons Bar', converted from the Kentish Cricketers in 1997. You can turn left after the pub and enter St. Peter's Lane leading to Pound Lane that follows the old line of the walls around the city. The Friar's Corner You can turn left here to see the Marlowe Theatre. The Theatre stands on a curving road called `The Friars' that leads back into the centre of the city. There are a couple of great views of the Cathedral from the Friars. The Old Weavers House This building is in the centre of the photo, with the white walls and black wood.
School of Environmental Design and Management Residential property Development Project 3 Course work 2: Development Appraisal and Valuation Report Student HEMIS: 370615 Date: 10 December 2009 * Valuation report o Client o The purpose of the valuation o The subject of the valuation o The interest to be valued o The type of property o The basis of the property o The date of valuation Disclosure of valuation o Disclosure of any material involvement o Status of the Valuer o The adopted currency o Assumptions, reservations, special instructions o Extent of member's investigations o Nature and source of information relied on o Restrictions on publication Limitation on publication Limitation of liability to other parties o Valuation standards o The valuation approach o Opinion of Value o Signature and date of the report * Appendices o Kel Delta Plus report o Data Sheet o Market information and assumptions o BCIS report and cost information 2 December 2009 The Estates Development Manager Woburn Estates Ltd PO1 3BS Portsmouth Re: Valuation of Plot No. Former Copnor Bowling Green, Portsmouth Based on your instructions to carry out an inspection and valuation of the above property, we are pleased to report as follows. . Purpose of the valuation The valuation is required for the purpose of a possible purchase by the client.] 2. The subject property
Warwick Castle is a Typical Norman Castle. How far does the study of the site, supported by other sources, support this view?
Warwick Castle is a Typical Norman Castle. How far does the study of the site, supported by other sources, support this view? A typical Norman Castle, when first, would have been a motte and bailey. The motte was a big mound of dirt surrounded by a moat. On top of the motte, there would have been a donjon. A donjon is a simple lookout post. It was the highest point of the castle and usually constructed out of wood. The bailey was an enclosed area on top of the motte, which the base of the donjon was placed it. There would usually be a bridge crossing the moat then steps going up to the bailey. This design allowed easy access for the people in the castle but made it difficult for intruders to gain access to the actual bailey. It was useful for castles to be able to see each other so if one was in any trouble, it could signal for help from another castle (usually by smoke signal). Castles were usually placed so the people living around them could see them. This was a sign of power over the people. Because the castle was so big and close to the towns, they were in charge. Castles were usually around the coastline because the sea was a good source of food and it would help them guard the coast from invasions by sea. It would also help if there was a nearby wood for timber sources since the castles were made out of wood and needed constant maintenance. However, over time,
Cathedral of Santa Maria dei Fiori The immense Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, more commonly known as the Duomo, was finished in 1434. It is the third largest cathedral in the world. Its dome rises some 300 feet above the city. The trademark dome on this cathedral has become the symbol of Florence. You can climb up the 463 steps into the dome for a spectacular view of the city. The fresco by Michelino, has Dante holding an open book, the Divine Comedy. Behind Dante is a wedding cake with Adam and Eve on the top. There are some very beautiful mosaics in the ceiling of the Baptistery. There is also a painting of a scary scene from Hell showing devils with horns and snakes coming out their bodies. The city of Florence is dominated by the towers of its many palaces and churches and by the huge dome of the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore. A Gothic structure with an exterior ornately decorated with red, green, and white marble, the cathedral was begun in 1296 by the Florentine architect Arnolfo di Cambio, continued on a somewhat different plan by his successors, and crowned with the great dome (1420-61), designed by Filippo Brunelleschi. The facade, although not built until late in the 19th century, is faithful in style to the rest of the edifice. The cathedral is the most imposing structure on the right bank of the Arno. The Duomo of Florence is one of the most