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University Degree: Planning

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  1. With reference to the RIBA work stages explain how a designer and design team would produce a design from the clients initial brief through to start on site.

    During these stages that in RIBA would be A-B appraisal and strategic briefing constant relaying of information is needed between architect and client to ensure no misunderstandings are made leading to legal disputes, so the amount of cost incurred by other professionals like bore hole specialists will need to be agreed with and confirmed in writing with client also the design teams charge for these stages or total payment in instalments will need to be confirmed. Even a relatively small build will require other team members such as a services engineer, and is the beginning of what is known as

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  2. Construction Economics. This essay will outline the key factors of supply and demand in the market for new owner occupied housing in the UK and how this forms a market price and quantity sold. It will also analyse how changes in average income, costs of

    of costs of labour 16 INTRODUCTION This essay will outline the key factors of supply and demand in the market for new owner occupied housing in the UK and how this forms a market price and quantity sold. It will also analyse how changes in average income, costs of rented housing and costs of tradesmen affect the market for new homes in the UK. Lastly it will give its analysis on why elasticity of demand would be of interest to a local house builder.

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  3. Applying the Theory of Constraints to Management Problems

    They also look at investment in the system to improve it overall. Finally, and most importantly, they allow us to start the process again, cementing the idea that identifying system constraints is a never-ending cycle - indeed it has to be infinite, or else the current solutions will gradually become obsolete as the competitive industry around the organisation moves on. Evaporating Cloud Allows managers to focus on two core mutually exclusive decisions. The model identifies the subconscious assumptions that hold us back from finding a solution to the problem.

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  4. This document is an adaptation scheme proposal and feasibility study report for Manor House. Changing the use of a building, as with any such venture there is an element of risk. The degree of risk will depend on a number of variables relevant to the prop

    Approximately 40m of flint wall with brick dressings runs from the south-west corner of the south-wing southwards. Interior The building is set over four floors; basement, ground, 1st and 2nd (within the roof). Featuring a staircase with curtail step, cast-iron balusters of early Gothic Revival design, wreathed mahogany handrail, and open, arcaded string; the arcading is the section of the curved and stepped underside of the staircase which continues under the first-floor landing. Dado rails and moulded cornices adorn the staircase hall. All the rooms off the staircase hall have mahogany 6-panelled doors, the being panels decorated with Greek Revival incised ornament, with the room facing the bottom of the stairs having a more elaborate architrave, also of Greek Revival character.

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  5. Sustainable House

    "House-builders are only weakly incentivised to act on sustainability issues because of information and other market failures" (Department for Communities and Local Government, 2010b). The sustainability of a prospective house is an important selling point, Research by builders merchants Wolseleys found nearly 63% of adults in Britain would pay more for an energy efficient home, and 24% of these people are willing to pay between �1,000 and �5,000 on top of the property's asking price for an energy-efficient home and 11% say they would be happy to pay up to �10,000 more (Better Generation, 2009).

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  6. Condition survey

    with cornice and storey band * 2-window range, 2-storey segmental bay with 3 windows to each floor, additional window to left. Camber-arch brick lintels. Central ground floor bay window has Palladian window above, has been turned into entrance. * Hipped Slate roof with lead flashings and loft conversion, small dormer window on south slope. Chimney stack on front slope and rebuilt render/red brick chimney stack on south end. * Approx. 40 metres of flint wall with brick dressings runs from the southwest corner of the 1913 wing southwards.

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  7. Urban planning of orchard road

    Subsequently, Cold Storage opened its store to provide food supplies. In the 1930s, Orchard Road became the new social magnet for the colonial city, drawing more people to it and slowly gaining popularity. The well-known Orchard Market where Cuppage Plaza now sits, between Cuppage Road and Koek Road, provided fresh products for residents until the mid-1960s. The Cold Storage Milk Bar, now Centrepoint, was also a popular hangout in the 1960s. In 1958, C.K. Tang Department Store was opened. The trendy Fitzpatrick's Supermarket was located where Paragon now sits. Wisma Atria sits on what was previously known as the Wisma Indonesia offices of the Indonesian Embassy.

    • Word count: 3359
  8. Real estate Market Analsis

    The price ranges from $900psf for a typical Executive Condominium unit to above SGD $2,500psf for a Super Luxury condominium unit. The different location, price, quality of fittings and facilities are the main factors that aid in the categorizing of the different developments into their respective subsectors. Singapore Current Home Prices for the Luxury Sector From the figures provided by Singapore Real Estate Info, it can be seen that there is an increased of transacted volume of non-landed luxury properties that were sold from S$2,000psf to S$3,000psf in District 9 and 10 in recent months.

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  9. Investigation into Proposals for the Superstructure of a Building

    * Superstructure (load distribution structure). * External Envelope (load bearing or non-load bearing). * Internal Finishes. * Roof Structure Superstructure; The functional requirements of the superstructure are such that it needs to have the strength to maintain the loads imposed on it, for example; able to support the roof and maintain stability. It should be durable, fire resistant and far as reasonable considering its proximity to other buildings and preferably affordable and sustainably sourced or recyclable. The performance specifications required to meet these functional requirements with regards the loading capabilities of the Superstructure can be seen in Approved Document A

    • Word count: 11094
  10. Analysis on China real estate industry

    Researchers have done a lot in anglicizing the real estate bubble in China. Qi Liexiu (2005) thinks that in current market situation, China do not exist obvious real estate bubble, after anglicizing the relationship between house demand and supply in China, only some investment demand is magnified that make some area seems abnormal, he considers more about the role of government, though there exist bubble risk, it could be controlled through appropriate currency policy and the government action. Jia Zuguo (2008)

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  11. Business Park Planning

    Listed below are the calculations used to perform a residual valuation. Residual to Land Value GDV - Total Costs (cost and profit) = Residual Value Residual to Profit GDV - Total Costs = Developer's Profit When performing development appraisals it is important to remember that there are many variable factors that can influence the overall calculations. There are four main ones which will be looked at in regards to this particular site; estimation of rental value, building costs, professional fees and finance for the development.

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  12. Disseratation on Energy Performance Certificates (EPC's)

    The European Union has introduced various measures in an attempt to meet the challenge of climate change. The Energy performance certificate is an initiative bought about from the European Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD). The Directive was published in January 2003 and the overall objective was to: "promote the improvement of energy performance of buildings within the community taking into account outdoor climatic and local conditions, as well as indoor climate requirements and cost-effectiveness." (DIAG, 2006) For the EPC's to achieve this objective effectively the following need to be examined: * Methodology for calculating the energy performance of buildings.

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  13. sustainable development

    Even though the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) found the proposal to be environmentally acceptable subject to nine recommendations and a set of recommended environmental conditions, the proposal was rejected by the Minister for Environment. The Minister ruled that the proposal would have negative effects on Ningaloo Marine Park and water resources of the region. CCMD then put forward a second proposal which was also viewed as acceptable by the EPA but then rejected by the Premier of Western Australia Geoff Gallop.

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  14. planning theory

    Procedural Theory There has been an emergence of three main streams of planning theory; the urban form debate, the procedural debate and the analytical debate. All theories have a basic foundation on the way in which planning is practiced and trying to understand what constitutes 'good planning' (Yiftachel 1991). The most relevant theory to urban sprawl at this point is procedural theory. Procedural theory is the characterisation of planning decision making, it is a focus on the decision making process.

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  15. Construction Financial 2

    In 1994 the company was listed on the Main Board of Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange (KLSE). From 1994 to 2000 Muhibbah was ventured into overseas market in Australia, Germany, Thailand and Sudan. In 2003 the company received International Achievement Award from Malaysian Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB) for recognition of involvement in oversea projects. In 2006 Muhibbah entered into overseas market in Yemen. Today, Muhibbah stands firm in the various discipline of engineering construction; such as construction of building structures, airport facilities, marine works, oil and gas, bridges and roads including provision of Intelligent Transportation System.

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  16. South East Queensland Regional Water Supply Strategy - Stage 2 Interim Report: identifying the alignment of the Strategy with the key principles of New Regionalism

    This growth means that the region receive approximately 1000 new habitants every week. Current growth trends are expected to continue into the future, and the regional population is estimated to reach almost 4 million by 2026 (Queensland Government, 2005). South East Queensland's future development will be heavily based on the South East Queensland Regional Plan, released in 2005. The regional plan covers the period from 2005 - 2026, with a formal review scheduled for 2010. The plan focuses on slowing development along the coast, in order to prevent creating a 200 km city, and instead aim for growth in the west, in particular around Springfield and Beaudesert (Queensland Government, 2005).

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  17. Classroom design

    Interactive whiteboard has advanced the teaching and learning process in classrooms. It enhances efficiency and improves attention and information retention in the school environment. There should be laptops at each students work station and a master teaching laptop. This learning facility provides the ability to display students work on a large screen and send selected images and information to every student computer. Classrooms should be changed from isolated places to places which enable the access to high speed broadband internet connection facilitating access to a variety of learning resources and materials, interactive whiteboards linked to the Internet, with all students being able to operate the boards from their seats.

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  18. Comfort Factors in Buildings

    There should be efficient lighting provided which is not rather bright, nor rather dull. Glare will be caused if there is a big bright source of light and will give occupiers visual discomfort and might cause visual disability. Efficient light is measured in lumens/m� or lux and generally described in terms of the illuminance which is the amount of light reaching a surface. A domestic 60W light bulb emits approximately 700 lumens. Different illuminance is required to do different tasks from moving around safely to do restoration work on a painting or using a sewing machine.

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  19. The Environmental Quality of Housing Areas in Ipswich

    The railway system run's at a frequency of trains to the capital every 15 minutes, and a short commute time of only 1 hour 5 minutes, to the capital. As a result of these benefits businesses are moving to Ipswich. Ipswich's population has been growing, steadily; this is due to its popularity increase from smaller businesses, trying to make advantage of its short commute time, and its cheaper prices, of labour, and land (than London). As the businesses have started to flood in, there has been an increase in population in recent years.

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  20. Evaluate the Impact of PPG 16 on Archaeological Practice

    plans should include policies for the protection, enhancement and preservation of sites of archaeological interest.'4 And furthermore: 'Authorities should bear in mind that not all nationally important remains meriting preservation will necessarily be scheduled; such remains and... other unscheduled remains of more local importance may also be identified... as worthy of preservation.'5 This last point is pertinent in light of the comments made by Peter Addyman, in a paper given at the Society of Antiquaries of London in February of this year, where he stated that one of the effects of PPG 16 was to allow national agencies to concentrate

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  21. Community and Culture

    Finally the provision of facilities in Crook are as follows: Pubs Solicitors Pizza shops Parks Libraries Town Hall Takeaways Banks Schools Building Societies Video shops Hairdressers Leisure centre Surgeries Housing estates Dentists Supermarkets Taxi services Council Building Shops Job centres Garages Post offices Petrol Stations Outdoor markets Cafes Chip shops Betting shops Working mans clubs Chemists Amusements Bowling Greens Newsagents Gym Police station Fire station Ambulance station Churches Tennis courts Football Pitches Hamsterley Hamsterley is a village situated in Co.

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  22. Hypothesis 1The retailing experience in 'The Oracle' is more enjoyable than at either 'The Broad Street Mall' or the 'High Street'.

    The purpose of this hypothesis is to create a feasible scheme to regenerate the poor scoring district. Methodology will include assessment of overall quality, a study of amenities and a look at land use and possible problems that lie there in. Geographical Theory This investigation will be focusing on the three major retailing areas of the Reading central business district (CBD) - 'The Oracle', 'Broad Street Mall' and the 'High Street*' and the relationship they have with one another. The aims of the investigation are as follows: * Investigate the popularity of the three areas and determine which provides the most enjoyable retailing experience.

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    Firstly, with the number of immigrant continuous increase, there is a radical shift in the nation's ethnic background. According to Ronald Allen Goldbery, around 14.3 million people arrived in America between 1900 and 1917. In 1920, there were around 14 million foreign-born people out of a total population of 105700000 in America. That is why many American had a fear of being overwhelmed and of suddenly finding one day that they are no longer themselves. Secondly, according to Alan Brinkley, by 1890, most of the population of the major urban areas consisted of immigrant: 87 percent of the population in Chicago, 80 percent in New York, 84 percent in Milwaukee and Detroit.

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  24. Test the hypothesis 'Burnage does fit the Burgess Concentric Ring Model of Urban Land-Use. '

    Many town planners took on his ideas when they started to plan the development of new suburbs like Burnage. New houses were built which had gardens and with plenty of open space around. However, a major disadvantage to Howard's ideas was that building suburbs along his ideas took up large amounts of land which in cities can be scarce and costly. Why Manchester grew One reason why Manchester grew was because of the Industrial Revolution. Manchester was the world's first industrial city, it was also the centre of the cotton industry and was known as the 'King Cotton' of the world.

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  25. An ideal city is open, civilising and democratic. Discuss how this ideal has been presented and its limitations.

    However, Sennett concluded on bridge and Watson (2000) that privatisation and the separation of certain groups have still continued in the decentralised city. Similarly, According to (Safdie & Kohn 1997) Public spaces in cities have played a fundamental role throughout history. From the time that humans first defined private spaces, public spaces have served as places where people have come together to exchange ideas. From the ancient Greek's Agora to the Middle Ages' Commons to early 20th century American urban streets and parks, public spaces have been centres for free speech and public discourse.

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"Places draw us to them for reasons beyond the feelings derived from the five senses..."

-Alison and Peter Smithson

If you spend your free time comparing and contrasting the best parks, cathedrals, and train systems from around the world, then you might want to consider a university degree in architecture, building or planning. Students of these subjects study the built environment, and get the chance to leave their mark on the world in a very concrete fashion.

Although these subjects involve visual skills like drawing and model-building, they also require a fair ream of writing. So when you set down your pencil and ruler at the end of a day and find yourself faced with a blank text document, visit Marked by Teachers' collection of architecture, building and planning essays. Our teacher-marked essays will nurture your writing skills until you're able to write confidently on any topic that's called for.

Students of architecture, building and planning often go on to further training and careers within their fields of study; they can also switch to degreesand careers in related subjects, including engineering, art history or tourism, transport, and travel.


Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • To what extent does our understanding of space depend on the way we think of time?

    "`Conclusion The issues of time and space are, therefore, of great relevance, on a philosophical, as well as an mundane level. Fundamentally, time never stands still, and so our understanding of space will always be affected by the passage of time, to a certain extent. The degree to which the concept of space is dependent on time on a conscious level is, however, culturally-defined. An urban community, for instance, will probably have a far more commercial view of space than a Sioux Indian, whose appreciation of space is likely to be on a more aesthetic and philosophical level. `Overall, the changing values which we have assigned to time and space over the past century have led to destructionism. Instanteneity triumphs in the post-modern world, leaving people feeling detached from their sense of place. The future has become part of the present, as people attempt to guard against future shocks, via insurance. These combined problems have, in my opinion, led to the recent resurgence in the popularity of traditional values which has occurred in many industrialist countries, notably the USA and the UK. This represents an attempt to find stability once more in our ephemeral world. Nostalgia is effectively used to guard against time- space compression, which has already led to a reappraisal of our perceptions of time and space. `"

  • How can academic work on cities and identity help us compare the portrayal of an aspect of urban life in the following films: Boys 'n the hood and Minority Report.

    "So in conclusion the academic work that we have studied can help us understand the portrayal of the different aspects of urban life within cities. All aspects are can be tied together for instance crime and surveillance, work and family and so on. People tend to take films or any other sort of media interaction at face value and not truly understanding what the director wants to say within his film. Different people will view the same two films I watched differently and may disagree with what Soja may have said, but at least with the academic knowledge we posses now, we can take it all in and at least try to look at it from a different angle."

  • Discuss how the social geography of race and ethnicity is shaped by racism and exclusion.

    "In conclusion the different races and ethnicities of 'modern world' cities have been forced to clump together in groups of the same ethnicity/race. This has lead to a patterning urban environments and the 'Ghettoisation' of city suburbs. This is seen as a potential problem by governments, and the underlying problem of cultural sensitivity and equality, when planning socially to prevent social exclusion, has been attempted to be addressed by city planners. The planners however have come across a few barriers when trying to mix residential areas, such as communication with different ethnic minorities. Planners have in some cases found that people lack mutual communication and people tend to just talk past each other."

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