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University Degree: Botany

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    How plants have adapted or become acclimated to shade.

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    This uses less energy and resources to construct. Many shade plants (such as ferns) do not produce flowers for the same reason. * Shade leaves have more chlorophyll in the antenna systems to feed more energy to the reaction centres. There is also an increase in the number of reaction centres. * Shade light contains more light in the far-red range. The reaction centre of photosystem II (PSII) absorbs more light from the far-red range than photosystem I (PSI); hence there is a greater proportion of PSII to PSI.

    • Word count: 606
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    Heterosporous Plants

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    • Word count: 918
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    Drought conditions, low and high temperatures, increased salt levels, pathogens and insects are common environmental stresses which plants are exposed to. Over time, plants have evolved unique mechanisms to respond to the stresses

    3 star(s)

    RIPs or ribosome inactivating proteins disrups viral replication by deactivating the plants ribosomes, therefore preventing cell replication and therefore also the viral pathogens replication. Hydrolases are present which break down the components of the pathogens and enzyme inhibitors inhibit enzymes which are used by the pathogen in the infection process. Induced plant defences are those defences which are initiated after a pathogen infection has been detected. These defences are chemical changes within the cell wall which cause the formation of papillae, which in fungal attack form reinforced areas around the penetration peg, preventing the full insertion of the peg, Buchanan et al.

    • Word count: 1170

"The colour and shape of flowers are a precise record of what bees find attractive."

-Frederick Turner

If you'd take a Venus flytrap over a dolphin any day, then maybe you'd enjoy studying botany at university. Students of botany study the basis of plant life, and the ecosystems that plants thrive in. They also get a chance to engage with newer topics in the field, like GM crops. You can study botany on its own as a plant biology degree, or as part of another biological sciences degree.

You'll have to go beyond stiff, plodding reports to excel in botany. To enliven your writing, consider studying Marked by Teachers' collection of biological science essays. The worked examples will show you how to do things right, and which mistakes to steer clear of. Stay the course, and your writing will flower into something much greater than it was.

Students studying botany can expect to get some sun between labs and lectures, because many degrees will include a field work component. After graduation you can look forward to further studies, or perhaps a career in agriculture, horticulture or conservation.


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