• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Fostering Local Sustainable Agriculture

Extracts from this document...


ERST 425 Research Paper Fostering Local Sustainable Agriculture By: Dionne Day ( ) Introduction: Agriculture has always been a historic foundation of Ontario's prosperity, even within the municipality of Peterborough a huge percent of the economy depends upon it. Over time the course of agriculture has shifted dramatically. Local farmers now compete in the global markets. There is the problem of huge enterprises competing against local small farmers and their production, which as we are witnessing is increasingly displacing the family farms. The cost of faming to the local small farmer and his family is now rapidly outpacing the farm income. This has contributed to a loss of farm diversity within Municipalities and Ontario as a whole. The lack of support for sustainable local agriculture, the disconnection between the farmer and consumers and the disappearance of prime farmlands across Municipalities are all factors that have been contributing towards the loss of local sustainable agriculture. This entire drive for sustainable agriculture in Canada began in the early 1950s with the establishment of an Ontario-based organization, The Land Fellowship. They received very little attention at that time from the agriculture community. ...read more.


Apart from the economic struggle of farmers, there is an assortment of challenges associated with agriculture that the farmer has to deal with. Environmental challenges including the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, urban sprawl, loss of biodiversity, loss of wildlife habitat, as well as worker health and safety, rural revitalization and community food security. Therefore the farmer has to ensure that his activities contribute to the conservation and preservation of the land and its resources, ensure that all farm waste stays within the farm ecosystem and is not allowed to accumulate or pollute. The farmer must also ensure that farmers are paid a fair wage which most of the times are not dependent on subsidies from the government. Not only does sustainable agriculture address many environmental and social concerns, but it offers innovative and economically viable opportunities for growers, labourers, consumers, policymakers and many others in the entire food system. Sustainable agriculture integrates three main goals; environmental health, economic profitability, and social and economic equity.2 A variety of philosophies, policies and practices have contributed to these goals. People in many different capacities, from farmers to consumers, have shared this vision and contributed to it. ...read more.


Economic development policies are needed so that they encourage a more diversified agricultural production on family farms. In combination with other strategies, sustainable agriculture practices and policies can help foster community institutions that meet employment, educational, health, cultural and spiritual needs.12 Consumers and the Food System: The support of the consumers is critical and can play an essential role in creating a sustainable food system. The purchasing power of consumers is most important since through their buying preferences they can send strong messages to producers, retailers and others in the system about what is preferred and what is considered important. The cost as well as nutritional quality also plays an equal role in influencing the consumer choice. Broadening the perspectives of consumers can be challenging but will be most beneficial so that environmental quality, resource use, and social equity issues are also considered in their shopping decisions. Simultaneously, new policies and institutions must be created to enable producers using sustainable practices to market their goods to a wider public. Coalitions organized around improving the food system are one specific method of creating a dialogue among consumers, retailers, producers and others.13 Such coalitions will also be useful for suggesting new policies, clarifying issues, and encouraging a long-term view of food production, distribution and consumption. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Botany section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Botany essays

  1. To investigate the effects of abiotic factors specifically pH on the abundance of marram ...

    As pH was my main abiotic factor this would have been a cause for the anomalous points. The lack of sub-divisions did not allow a precise pH reading to be taken. The colour chart used was not very accurate as it was hard to tell the difference between a pH of 5.5 and 6.0.

  2. An Investigation into Microclimate on a Sand Dune System

    It showed that the peaks clearly had a higher soil temp than the troughs and then that as we reached the shade of the woodland the temperature dropped again. Evaluation I did feel that there were difficulties with some of the equipment used, none of it was top of the range and some of it was alarmingly in accurate.

  1. Free essay

    strategic development

    Social Consumers' concept in the marketplace has changed; they do not sense British products as of high quality. There is a shift in demand for more fashionable clothing. Moreover the price sensitivity of the majority of the consumers has increased leaving M&S in a less competitive position.

  2. This essay provides a brief description of neem, while also focusing on the numerous ...

    repellants and cures for diabetes, leprosy and skin disorders, with the skin also having a high fiber content. The seed has high lipid content and contains the chemical compound Azadirachtin, which is a biodegradable pesticide against 200 insect species and has a low toxicity to mammals.

  1. To what extent does plasticity of dipterocarp seedlings affect growth and survival in the ...

    Although this outcome was unexpected, similar results were found in a study by Rozendaal et al (2006). Other surprising results were those of plant shape. It was hypothesised that seedlings in the shade would adapt to the low light conditions by invest more resources into horizontal growth, rather than vertical growth, and therefore have a high shape index.

  2. Agricultural Wastes Research

    24 8 Mineral Content in Soil Samples (ppm) 26 LIST OF FIGURES Figure No. Title Page No. 1 Pot Media 11 2 RCBD layout of Replicates per Treatment 12 3 Flowchart of the Methodology 16 4 A Week after the Transplant 18 5 Shoot System Development with Time (cm/ days) 20 6 Girth Development with Time (cm/ days)

  1. A review of the development, production and post harvest requirements of Gerberas

    There is also quite a high risk of infection by Phytophthora cryptogea (Crown Rot). * Micropropagation: Micropropagation (or tissue culture) is the predominant method for commercial propagation of Gerberas as it produces uniform, vigorous, disease free plants. It is also possible to produce large amounts of plants in a short

  2. Landscape distinctiveness from history.

    Pollarding was a similar process which creates another form of woodland. By cutting the trees down to the stump, higher up (known as bolling) the poles would grow out of reach of grazing animals. Many woods were cleared by grazing animals destroying coppice crops. But mainly by different land uses.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work