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"It is impossible for a man to learn what he thinks he already knows". Epictetus To state that we "know" something we need to be able to determine

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TOK Essay Ways of Knowing "Of the four Ways of Knowing for which would you incline? Why?" a) Your understanding of each Way of Knowing with examples and b) The links between them. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- "It is impossible for a man to learn what he thinks he already knows". Epictetus To state that we "know" something we need to be able to determine certain values and facts. It is quite easy to say, "I know that her car is yellow" or "I know you're lying". But, do we really know everything we say we know? That is a question we don't ask to ourselves often, we just assume and believe that we "know it". There are five determined ways of knowing. These are by emotion or intuition, by reason, by perception and by language. Are we able to establish which way of knowing we feel is the best one? Do we understand what do these really mean? Following in my essay I will explain each of the ways and finally determine for which one, or ones, I incline. Emotion is a natural reaction of the body to situations that we face in our daily lives. We are able to feel an innumerable quantity of emotions and we are not really aware of them until we experience them. ...read more.


A problem that involves intuition is that sometimes you may have the wrong impression on something/someone and commit a mistake. This is basically why some humans understand and intuit behaviors of animals, kids and other classes and some are not even aware of this way of knowing that they have. This is a problem with the mentioned area due to the fact that we may not know when we are correct or not and so stop using this tool for our daily development in life. The third way of knowing I will discuss is perception. First of all it would be important to mention that perception is involved and related to both emotion and intuition. The way in which we perceive the world is biased by our intuition about it. There are millions of things that we can perceive for example smells and odors or sounds and yelling. But how does this relate to knowing?. It is true that we may know when the bread is burning or that a baby is crying, but to what extent can we rely on our instincts to state that we "know". The perception of things is a matter of how much of an observer the individual is. The more detailed and informed on a given matter the more information you will get from your perception. ...read more.


Reason is basically a matter of the brain and the head. We reason according to the circumstances, according to what we want. This means that our reasoning is biased by our knowledge. There is a quote that supports this point and it says, 2"The eye sees only what the mind is prepared to comprehend" - Henri Bergson" In this aspect it matters a lot what is what you want to believe or not, and what is that convenient to believe or not. Although we seem not to notice it, our brain keeps playing tricks with us that finally led to certain information being cataloged as knowledge. If in the end there is something you just don't want to believe that's it and nothing can make you change all your ways of knowing. To conclude I would have to say that after analyzing the ways of knowing and linking them it is easy for me to understand this entire topic as a chain. This would be considered as an infinite chain that contains the ways of knowing that continuously last in our minds. I would incline to state that although each way of knowing is important the most important one would be language simply because is the way in which we transmit our knowledge and so the most effective one. 1 http://www.zaadz.com/quotes/topics/emotion/ 2 http://www.wisdomquotes.com/cat_knowledge.html ?? ?? ?? ?? Maria Paz Abdala 05/05/05 ...read more.

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