[A project work submitted to the faculty of Sociology as a partial fulfillment of B.Sc.LL.B (Hons) course] Submitted to: Submitted by: Dr. Anuradha Parashar Yudhister Meena Faculty of Sociology Roll No. 398 Semester- IV Acknowledgement I take this opportunity to express my gratitude and personal regards to Dr. Anuradha Parashar madam for helping and guiding me during the course of this project work. I also owe my sincere thanks to the library staff of NLU for their cooperation and facilities extended from time to time. I am thankful to my parents for their inspiration they gave me in completing this work sincerely. Also I am thankful to all those people who helped me in preparing this project. Yudhister Meena Roll No. 398 Semester-IV Table Of Content S. No. Particulars Page No. . Introduction 4 2. Juvenile Delinquency - An Introduction 4 3. Extent of the Problem 1 4. Socio - Economic Background Of Juveniles Apprehended 2 5. Causal Factors of Juvenile Delinquency 9 6. History about the enactments
Explain the importance of team building, the stages in the development of team cohesion and analyse the impact of good and poor team cohesion on the British Army, with reference to relevant theorists.
Explain the importance of team building, the stages in the development of team cohesion and analyse the impact of good and poor team cohesion on the British Army, with reference to relevant theorists. Whenever people are brought together as a team to accomplish a task, there are stages that they must go through in order to work together effectively. The forming of the team is the beginning of team dynamics and depending on how team members proceed after this initial meeting usually depends on how the team reacts to one another and how the team can overcome the conflict that will ultimately arise. Very simply team cohesion is the ability of a team to stick together during a project or an exercise. According to Adair a team is: "an energetic group of diverse individuals who are committed to achieving common objectives, who work well together, enjoy doing so, and who produce high quality results."1 Bruce Tuckman is one of the leading researchers in group development. Tuckman's model is a successive-stage theory and specifies the usual order of the phases of group development. He argues that these processes are paramount to a team's success or decline. Each stage identifies major processes that a group goes through and the characteristics demonstrated by the group and its members. The initial forming of a team involves the team members coming together, introducing one another
Sociological Methodology In this chapter I aim to gain a through understanding of sociological methods and to look at various methods and their merits and problems, i.e. quantitative etc. I will also attempt to show the methods that will be used in study, and asses the reasons for my choice. It will also be beneficial to look at possible problems and measures to minimise these problems At a basic level research falls into two categories, the positivist and the anti-positivist approach. However it is important to note that sociologists generally do not use one method but combine both approaches to obtain rounded results. And that the research must always be reliable, valid and representative. Positivism is used by structuralists and was used and developed by Augste Comte. Positivists carry out scientific methods, it is otherwise known as the philosophy of science, examples of which are; looking at statistics, or any numerical data. Also included in this type of research are questionnaires, controlled experiments, structured interviews etc. Positivist research can give us knowledge of something actually occurring or existing but it cannot delve deeper and discover the reasoning behind it. The second approach to sociological research is anti-positivism; this is where the reasoning behind the knowledge is looked at. It is often described as the 'texture' and 'feel'
A study on the content of stereotypes on 8 different drug-user groups Abstract This study examines the content of stereotypes for eight different drug groups (cannabis, cocaine, heroin, LSD, ecstasy, amphetamines, crack, and ketamine users.), along the two hypothesized dimensions of warmth and competence (Fiske's et all. 1999), while the third one deviance was added as it appeared essential for the current research on illegal behaviors. Furthermore we are going to examine Parker et al's normalization hypothesis by collecting drug use frequency data. We are also assigning participants into four attitude groups reflecting their attitude towards drug use in general, in order to obtain a multidimensional analysis of the normalization hypothesis. A cluster analysis by means of a dendrogram is conducted in order to examine whether the degree of association is strong or weak between the 8 drug user groups. Two clusters of drug groups were produced distinct from each other, and our study supported the normalization hypothesis. Introduction Coming from the Latin prae and judicium, the term prejudice literally means prejudgement. Allport's view of prejudice is this of an antipathy based on faulty and inflexible generalization which may be felt or expressed towards a group or a person. (Allport 1954). According to Allport's view of prejudice, it consists of three main components:
Perception of Friendship Among Young Adults: A Qualitative Study Abstract Same-sex friendship in childhood and adolescence has been well investigated. However, normative individual differences in the perception of friendship among heterosexual young adults has had little research attention. The aim of this study is to explore individual differences in the perception of friendship including needs attached to close relationship. Three young adults were interviewed using a semi-structured schedule focusing on the description and qualities of real friendship; the difference in friendship between males and females; the role of time; the importance of friends and how does someone prove to be a real friend. Research was conducted using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Qualitative analysis revealed five main themes - intimacy, empathy, similarity, fun and effect of the time on friendship. Five common features of close friendship emerged: trustworthiness, shared interest, close friendship developed between people with the same gender, time tested the friendship and friendship was important in a person's life. Friendship is a word that has a different meaning for each of us. Smith, Cowie and Blades (2003) defined friendship as a close relationship between two particular individuals, as indicated by their association together or their psychological attachment and trust. This
Summary: An eight-page paper discussing the cause of aggressiveness in humans - nature or nurture. "AGGRESSIVENESS AND VIOLENCE IN HUMANS IS DUE TO THE ENVIRONMENT IN WHICH THEY ARE BROUGHT UP AND THEIR INNATE NATURE PLAYS A SECONDARY ROLE IN DECIDING THEIR PERSONALITY" Table of Contents Abstract Statement of Study Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION Defining Aggressiveness Purpose of the Study Importance of the Study Rationale of the Study Chapter 2: LITERATURE REVIEW The Nurture Theory Frustration - Aggression Hypothesis Social Learning Theory Self-hatred and Understanding Aggression due to Mental Processes in Social Interactions - Prejudice, Pride, Powerlessness and Boredom Anger Generating Fantasies Child Rearing Practices The Nature Theory Freudian Theories Chapter 3: METHODOLOGY OF RESEARCH Research Methods Case Study Chapter 4: DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS Analysis Conclusion Abstract Aggression is a common behavior in humans. It is not necessary to regard aggressiveness in a person as a bad quality for it has been found to be necessary in animals and is a part of nature. The more aggressive animal in a species is generally more successful, powerful and gains control over food, territory and mates. Aggression is also a means of maintaining social order. Aggressiveness in this case becomes a necessity for Darwin's survival of the fittest. In the highly
Abstract The purpose of this dissertation is to assess media violence in the world's media and how it affects Human beings are affected everyday by the media. The media is everywhere, influencing what people have for breakfast in the morning, to what people wear. The media's goal is to showcase their product in a way so, you will buy or agree what is being said. The media does this by flashing pictures across the screen that only take moments to remember inside our sub-conscious. What can happen when the message becomes more than an exciting item? What if the messages come from "Grand Theft Auto: Vice City", a game for the Playstation games console that has the player help the main character beat a man to death? Retired U.S. Army Lieutenant Colonel Dave Grossman is the author of the Pulitzer-nominated book On Killing: The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society. His most recent book, Stop Teaching Our Kids to Kill, is co-written by Gloria DeGaetano. Grossman, a former psychology professor at West Point University, teaches law enforcement officers around America, as well as the FBI, Texas Rangers and Green Berets about the psychology of killing. He also teaches medical and mental health professions how to deal with and prevent killing. He has been a specialist witness at several murder trials, and has written a number of encyclopaedia articles on
How important are ethics and social responsibility? Introduction The study of ethics has become increasingly important with global business expansion, because of an increase in ethical and social responsibility - concerns that businesses face in different country environments. There exists, however, a wide divergence in the level of importance attached to these two issues in different countries (Czinkota and Ronkainen, 1998). Moreover, vast differences exist from country to country in the economic development, cultural standards, legal/political systems, and expectations regarding business conduct (Wotruba, 1997). In addition, there is great divergence in the enforcement of policies (Mittelstaedt and Mittelstaedt, 1997). In the business ethics literature, ethical variations among marketers/managers from different nations are documented in many empirical studies on various types of ethical issues (e.g. Armstrong et al., 1990; Graham, 1985; Becker and Fritzsche, 1987). Variation in ethics across cultures was evidenced in a cross-national study of industrial salespeople by Dubinsky et al. (1991) where some significant differences in ethical perceptions were found among marketing managers from Japan, Korea, and the USA. A study by Singhapakdi et al. (1994) also revealed that American and Thai marketers differ on various components of their ethical decision-making process.
Describe the functional limitations, psychohistory, psychological and social aspects of the disability, Multiple Sclerosis. Word Count: 4291 (excluding quotations, in-text and end-text references) Demographic census estimates indicate that approximately 9.5 million people in the UK (18.2 per cent) have a chronic disease, health problem or disability (Census, 2001). Understanding the social, economic and psychological implications of conditions which have long-term disabling effects would make a significant contribution to individuals who live with the disabilities and to their supporting professionals and family members. It is the purpose of this paper to expand this understanding by discussing the functional limitations, psychological history, and the individual as well as social aspects of a chronic progressive neurological disease, multiple sclerosis. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disabling disease which attacks the central nervous system (O'Brien, 1987). It is characterised pathologically by areas of inflammatory demyelination (breakdown of myelin) that spread throughout the nervous system over time (Mitchell et al., 2005). The etiology of MS appears to involve autoimmune disruption of myelin which results in various disabling neurological symptoms from bladder dysfunction to paralysis (Mitchell et al., 2005). Although the progression of the disease is highly
Personality Correlates (Aggression and Impulsivity) and their Predictive Ability to Self-Report Delinquency
Personality Correlates (Aggression and Impulsivity) and their Predictive Ability to Self-Report Delinquency Rajat Passy Liverpool Hope University College Hope Park Liverpool, L16 9JD Email: [email protected] ABSTRACT A sample of undergraduate university students (n=50) was used to test Eysenckian hypotheses of personality dimensions being able to predict delinquent behaviour. Certain personality variables were conceptually derived from Eysenck's dimensions and were tested to evaluate a correlation between individuals having the specific personality traits (aggression and impulsivity) and self-reported delinquent behaviour. Self-report delinquency measures and personality variable measures were administered to participants under strictly anonymous conditions. The findings demonstrated clear support for aggression positively correlating with self-reported delinquency (r=0.56, p<0.001) whereas the correlation between impulsivity and self-reported delinquency was not as strong (r=0.35, p<0.05) in line with previous research on neuroticism as a weaker predictive factor. The results are discussed with reference to previous research on personality correlates to delinquency and the implication and limitation of current research are suggested. Contents . Introduction .................... Page 3 2. Method .................... Page 5 3. Results